Taylor was curious about whether animals had it, too. He walked on the backs of his paws, which were heavily callused. Taylor was taken aback by this story. The fox, she thought, had been living a perfectly good life before someone had shot it. In the fox, she saw herself. Since the age of thirteen, Taylor has been a painter. The paintings are unsettling, absurd, and provocative.
Without explaining themselves, they lay claim to a territory that disabled people usually try to avoid: the space where disability and animality meet. When she was small, Taylor writes, other children told her that she walked like a monkey and ate like a dog; by this, they meant that her disability made her like an animal and, therefore, less than human. Human beings are already animals; age, disease, and accident mean that all able-bodiedness is a temporary state.
Disabled people should be proud to associate themselves with animals, Taylor argues, because the same ideology, ableism, oppresses both groups. Taylor has been a vegetarian and animal-rights advocate since the age of six; earlier this month, we met for lunch at a vegetarian restaurant near N. She has short brown hair, a broad smile, and a strong chin, and wore vaguely hippie clothes: a plain T-shirt, patterned trousers, rubber boots. Taylor is adept at using her mouth for everyday tasks, such as retrieving items from her handbag.
She paints by holding the brush in her mouth. I think of animals—pigs who root with their noses, birds who build nests with their beaks. Her father was a Ph. A few years later, she went on her first disability-rights march: a two-week, two-hundred-and-fifty-person trek from Philadelphia to Washington, D. The marchers, most of whom were disabled, brought along a generator to recharge their wheelchairs at night. In one, sociopolitical story, she is a victim.
In another, more personal story, her life is hers to define. Animal Rights.
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- The Moral Status of Animals;
Clare Palmer. Pluhar, Evelyn Beyond Prejudice. Sapontzis, Steve F. Morals, Reason and Animals. Animal Liberation. A New Ethics for our Treatment of Animals. Steiner, Gary Steiner, Gary. Animals and the Limits of Postmodernism. New York: Columbia University Press. Rights Theory and Animal Rights. Oxford, Oxford University Press: Gruen, Lori The Moral Status of Animals.
Regan, Tom Animals, treatment of.
A brief survey of animal rights literature — The Tourist Trail
In: Becker, Lawrence ed. Encyclopedia of Ethics. New York, Routledge: on page 72 about Inherentism. Animal Welfare and Rights.
The provocative thinker Sunaura Taylor speaks out against the tyranny of ableism.
Encyclopedia of Bioethics. New York, NY, Macmillan. E-Book Version. Wilson, Scott Animals and Ethics In: Fieser, James ed. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Wise, Steve M. Sign in Create an account. Syntax Advanced Search. Edited by Erwin Lengauer. Summary Broadly construed, animal rights is an area of inquiry and debate that focuses on a variety of approaches to assessing the moral status of nonhuman animals.
The Case for Animal Rights. Animal Rights and Human Morality. Amherst, Prometheus. Moral Theory and Practice. London, Macmillan Press. Singer, Peter ed. In Defense of Animals. The Second Wave. Malden, Blackwell. Introductions Beauchamp, Tom L. E-Book Version Wilson, Scott Jobs in this area. University of Nevada, Reno. Options 1 filter applied. Export this page: Choose a format..
Off-campus access. Using PhilPapers from home? Create an account to enable off-campus access through your institution's proxy server. Be alerted of all new items appearing on this page. Editorial team. Add an entry to this list:. This essay pursues a double strategy to transform our human collective relation to animal life. On the other hand, the essay attempts to enlarge the idea of auto-affection to include the voices and looks of Being in us, the image of animal suffering changes who we are.
Hence the subtitle. I argue that there are two central features of this concept.
- Literary Fiction Influences Attitudes Toward Animal Welfare;
- Stealth Animal Rights Novels!
- Why Marxism must be anti-speciesist.
Animal Rights in Applied Ethics. Deleuze and Guattari: Rhizome in Continental Philosophy.
Letter on animal liberation - Gilles Dauvé
Derrida: Animals in Continental Philosophy. Derrida: Democracy in Continental Philosophy. Environmental Philosophy in Philosophy of Biology. Gilles Deleuze in Continental Philosophy. When animals are trained to function in a human society, different trainers and training cultures vary widely in their ability to understand how the animal perceives the communication efforts of the trainer. This variation has considerable impact on the resulting performance and welfare of the animals. There are many trainers who frequently resort to physical punishment or other pain-inflicting methods when the attempts to communicate have failed or when the trainer is unaware of the full range of the potential forms Negative consequences of this include animal suffering, imperfect performance of the animals, and sometimes risks to humans, as repeated pain increases aggression in some animals.
The field of animal training is also interesting from a semiotic point of view, as it effectively illustrates the differences between the distinct forms of interaction that are included in the concept of communication in the zoosemiotic discourse. The distinctions with the largest potential in improving human-animal communication in animal training, is understanding the difference between verbal communication of the kind that requires rather high cognitive capabilities of theanimal, and communication based on conditioning, which is a form of animal learning that does not require high cognitive ability.
The differences and potentials of various types of human-animal communication are discussed in the form of a case study of a novel project run by a NGO called Working Elephant Programme of Asia, which introduces humane, science-based training and handling methods as an alternative to the widespread use of pain and fear that is the basis of most existing elephant training methods. Continental Philosophy. We used philosophical animal ethics theories to understand the moral basis of FMA convictions. Moreover, these theories provide us with a moral language for communication between animal ethics, FMAs, and public debates.
We defend The first layer consists of deeply felt convictions about animals. The second layer consists of convictions derived from the first layer to serve as arguments in a debate on animal issues. In a debate, the latter convictions are variable, depending on the animal issue in a specific context, time, and place. This variability facilitates finding common ground in an animal issue between actors with opposing convictions. Environmental Ethics in Applied Ethics. Philosophy of Education in Philosophy of Social Science.
In The Frontiers of Justice, Martha Nussbaum argues that social contract theory cannot accommodate political duties to animals because it requires the parties to the contract to enjoy rough physical and mental equality.
2. The Moral Significance of Animals’ Moral Claims
Moreover, social contract theory is superior to her capabilities approach in that it allows us to limit the scope of the community of Feminist Ethics in Normative Ethics. Remove from this list. Rights in Social and Political Philosophy. Animal Experimentation in Applied Ethics. Charles Hartshorne in 20th Century Philosophy. Responds to the comments by A. Rowan on the current author's original discussion regarding animal rights. In his original paper, Gallup maintains that there are no inherent rights; they are inventions of the human mind. Thus, animals only have rights if we say the do.
Rowan, however, asserts there is more universal agreement as to why some beings have certain rights than Gallup credits.
- The Animal Of Human Animals;
- Animal Liberation.
- Grandmother Power;
- The I-57 Murderer.
- Peter Singer: On Racism, Animal Rights and Human Rights;
- Animal Rights Essay;
Here, Gallup suggests that Rowan has sidestepped the issue. If rights are something other than an Contrary to what Rowan implies, Gallup says his intention was not to take a stand on whether or not animals have rights. To reiterate, says Gallup, animals only have rights to the extent that we say they do. Philosophy of Psychology in Philosophy of Cognitive Science. In this article, the author welcomes the inclusion of the brief exchange on animal rights in Division 24's inaugural "bulletin" issue for the question of psychology's treatment of animals raises many philosophical and theoretical questions.
However, even in the informal format of letters and comments, it is unfortunately remiss to omit not only reference to but discussion of the arguments in the primary source for the current debate —while including three references to one's own work. The author then continues to Most concepts in philosophy - like dualism, physicalism, panpsychism, functionalism, epiphenomenalism, theory of the mind, closing the explanatory gap and solving the hard problem - are often misinterpreted due to the fact that the foundations of such ideas are basically flawed.
The Hard Problem Chalmers and What it is like to be a bat Nagel in itself are not actually hard, if the proponents of said ideas simply understand the origin, creation, and evolution of early information based on the theory Where did it come from? Was it god, space aliens or something else? This Theory of Aneural Consciousness was based on his four marks in creating a self-conscious machine, the hierarchical degrees of aliveness, awareness, consciousness, and self-consciousness, and the four essential requirements of being alive or with life.
To simplify the meaning of consciousness, Lawsin said: "If I can label x with y, therefore, I am conscious. Explaining Consciousness, Misc in Philosophy of Mind. Machine Consciousness in Philosophy of Cognitive Science. Philosophy of Consciousness in Philosophy of Mind. Philosophy, General Works.
Philosophy, Miscellaneous. What is it Like? Ancient Greek and Roman Philosophy. Prominent non-speciesist attempts to determine the amount of moral standing properly attributable to conscious beings argue that certain non-human animals should be granted the highest consideration as self-conscious persons. Most of these theories also include a lesser moral standing for the sentient, or merely conscious, non-person. Thus, the standard approach has been to advocate a two-tiered theory—'sentience' or 'consciousness' and 'self-consciousness' or 'personhood'.
While the first level seems to present little interpretative difficulty, the second has recently been criticized as a If these observations are at all revealing, they indicate that the two-tiered model is inadequate. This is the view I will support here, replacing the standard dichotomy with a more accurate seven-tiered account of cognitive moral standing adaptable to all three major perspectives of moral reasoning, namely, utilitarianism, deontology and virtue ethics. Moral Status of Animals in Applied Ethics.
Rights and Personhood in Social and Political Philosophy. Varieties of Representation in Philosophy of Mind. Animal Captivity in Applied Ethics. Animal Well-Being in Applied Ethics. Philosophy of Biology, Miscellaneous in Philosophy of Biology. Behavioral Biology in Philosophy of Cognitive Science. Personhood is not a redundant category, but a social cluster kind. On this view, chimpanzees have their own kind of personhood profile.