We can analyse this by the following:. The Prophet S calls back all those who had gone ahead. He calls forward all the people at the back. The earlier reference is from the verse:. Love him who loves Ali, and be enemy of he who is the enemy of Ali; help him who helps Ali, and forsake him who forsakes Ali.
This prayer shows that Imam Ali as , on that day, was being entrusted with a position that would make some people his enemies and therefore he would need supporters in carrying out his responsibilities. This could not be anything but the position of the mawla in the sense of ruler, master and lord. Convey what had been revealed to you from your Lord; if you do not do so, then [it would be as if] you have not conveyed His message [at all].
Allah will protect you from the people. Countless classical Ahlul Sunnah scholars have said that this verse was revealed ahead of the event of Ghadeer Khumm, perhaps the most famous of all being Imam Fakhruddin al-Razi in his Tafisr al-Kabir. This verse shows how important the announcement was — and how controversial Allah SwT knew it would be.
Why might the Prophet need protecting? Because; the issue of succession was being clarified and confirmed, once and for all, explicitly and publicly, and some people in the crowd were going to be upset and rebellious. And what happened after the sermon at Ghadeer was over? What verse was revealed?
This is illogical and an insult to our intelligence! The truth is that Islam was completed and named for the Prophet S only after the Prophet S announced Ali as as his successor. And ask yourself this: was it the announcement of a friendship or the appointment of a successor to the Prophet that perfected the religion of Islam? What do you think? How ironic! I have grown old and do not remember. For example, at start of the Prophethood, according to the Tarikh, or History, of Allama Tabari, the famous Sunni historian: The Prophet S asked three times, at a dinner for his friends and relatives, who will help him in his prophetic mission?
On each of the three occassions, only Ali as stood up and said he would. On the first two occasions, the Prophet asked Ali as to sit down. Therefore, listen to him and obey. The tragedy is that the majority of the Muslims do not understand today what Abu Lahab understood on the first day of the introduction of Islam in Makkah.
This is not just a Shia view, that Imam Ali as is superior to the rest of the caliphs and sahabah. A number of Ahlul Sunnah scholars and books agree with this view. Most spiritual chains are directly derived from Ali al-Murtadha. In fact, to even compare Ali ibn Abu Talib as with any of the companions is absurd. It is a misunderstanding of who Ali as is, what Ali as represented and stood for.
The Sunni scholar Allama Muttaqi al-Hindi, in his famous book, Kanz al-Ummal, narrates a tradition hadith from the Prophet S , in which the Prophet S was asked by a visitor to Madinah to name his favourite companion. Some Ahlul Sunnah scholars try and argue that this shows he was not opposed to them. The reason Ali ibn Abu Talib as did not fight after the death of the Prophet S is because he did not want to divide the nascent, infant Muslim community. He did not want innocent Muslims to die in battle, killing each other, in order to take power.
The historians, Sunni and Shia, record how Abu Sufyan offered him troops but Imam Ali as turned him down and criticised his divisive offer. He was not expected to go and force the Muslims, the people, to follow him; it was their job to find him and follow him. His position as the Imam was not a political or elected position. It was bestowed upon him by Allah SwT. Imam Ali as may not have fought against Abu Bakr and Umar; but he never fought for them either, as part of their armies.
Why not? The Shias, of course, would also argue that he never pledged any formal allegiance to them at any point in his lifetime. Again, why? What was his problem with them? This is explained in Nahjul Balagha where Imam Ali as devotes entire sermons to questioning how Abu Bakr and others robbed him of his right to caliph caliphate but this is a Shia book.
So consider instead the words of Imam Ali ibn Abu Talib as to the six-man committee appointed by Umar on his deathbed to pick a new caliph — and narrated by all of the Sunni ulema. The committee requested Imam Ali as to take over the position as caliph but on the condition that he abides with the following:. The seegha is the Arabic formula of words that make the Mutah legal. Once you both say the phrases to one another, the Mutah marriage is legal for the amount of time you agreed on.
You must say the phrases in Arabic for them to be considered legal. Live together under the conditions you agreed upon. Spend time together for the length of the marriage and get to know each other. Follow any and all of the conditions that you stated in your verbal contract throughout the duration of the marriage. Terminate the Mutah if you want to leave before the time period ends. A woman in a Mutah marriage cannot terminate the marriage.
Separate once the time specified in your contract is over. Once the temporary marriage is finished, you do not need to get a divorce.
ring - other items - Shiya Gifts and Crafts Co. Ltd
After the marriage terms are complete, you can exit the relationship immediately. Renew the Mutah contract if you want to be remarried. If you want to continue your relationship, you can either renew the Mutah contract again or start a permanent marriage. Otherwise, you can renew the marriage at any point when your Mutah is finished. Finish your Iddat before you remarry if you consummated the marriage. During this period, you cannot remarry or have a sexual relationship with another man.
In the Quran, in the 24th verse of Suraton Nissae, Allah is clearly is mentioning mutah. For further information, you may refer to the book "al-Mizan" from Allame Tabtabaee. Yes No. During this period, three lineages of imams formed. Born in AH , he ascended as ruler at the age of eleven. The typical religiously tolerant Fatimid Empire saw much persecution under his reign. When in AH his mule returned without him, soaked in blood, a religious group that was forming in his lifetime broke off from mainstream Ismailism and did not acknowledge his successor.
Later to be known as the Druze, they believe al-Hakim to be the incarnation of God and the prophesied Mahdi who would one day return and bring justice to the world. His rule was the longest of any caliph in any Islamic empire. Upon his passing away, his sons, Nizar the older, and Al-Musta'li , the younger, fought for political and spiritual control of the dynasty. Nizar was defeated and jailed, but according to Nizari tradition, his son escaped to Alamut , where the Iranian Ismaili had accepted his claim.
The former claim that At-Tayyib Abi l-Qasim son of Al-Amir bi-Ahkami l-Lah and the imams following him went into a period of anonymity Dawr-e-Satr and appointed a Da'i al-Mutlaq to guide the community, in a similar manner as the Ismaili had lived after the death of Muhammad ibn Ismail.
The latter Hafizi claimed that the ruling Fatimid Caliph was the Imam, and they died out with the fall of the Fatimid Empire. Ismailis have categorized their practices which are known as seven pillars :. The Shahada profession of faith of the Shia differs from that of Sunnis due to mention of Ali. The Nizaris place importance on a scholarly institution because of the existence of a present Imam. The Imam of the Age defines the jurisprudence, and his guidance may differ with Imams previous to him because of different times and circumstances.
The Nizari line of Imams has continued to this day as an unending line. Divine leadership has continued in the Bohra branch through the institution of the "Unrestricted Missionary" Dai. According to Bohra tradition, before the last Imam, At-Tayyib Abi l-Qasim, went into seclusion, his father, the 20th Al-Amir bi-Ahkami l-Lah, had instructed Al-Hurra Al-Malika the Malika Queen consort in Yemen to appoint a vicegerent after the seclusion—the Unrestricted Missionary , who as the Imam's vicegerent has full authority to govern the community in all matters both spiritual and temporal while the lineage of Mustaali-Tayyibi Imams remains in seclusion Dawr-e-Satr.
According to Allameh Muzaffar, God gives humans the faculty of reason and argument. Also, God orders humans to spend time thinking carefully on creation while he refers to all creations as his signs of power and glory. These signs encompass all of the universe. Furthermore, there is a similarity between humans as the little world and the universe as the large world. God does not accept the faith of those who follow him without thinking and only with imitation, but also God blames them for such actions. In other words, humans have to think about the universe with reason and intellect, a faculty bestowed on us by God.
Since there is more insistence on the faculty of intellect among Shia, even evaluating the claims of someone who claims prophecy is on the basis of intellect. Because of this, there are many books written on the conditions of praying among Shia. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Shia disambiguation. Denomination of Islam which holds that Muhammad designated Ali as his successor and leader imam , whose adherents form the majority of the population in Iran, Iraq, Azerbaijan, and Bahrain.
Part of a series on Shia Islam. Beliefs and practices. Holy days. Ahl al-Kisa. Muhammad Ali Fatimah Hasan Husayn. Holy women. Five Pillars of Islam. Shahada Salah Sawm Zakat Hajj. Other schools of theology.
- The Hoxley Killer.
- Navigation menu.
- Account Options.
- Winning the War Inside;
- Split Second (Split Second 1).
- Buying Options;
Profession of faith Prayer Fasting Alms-giving Pilgrimage. Texts and sciences.
Culture and society. Related topics. Main article: Shia etymology. Main articles: Shia view of Ali and Succession to Muhammad. See also: Ali in the Quran. Main article: Hadith of Warning. Main article: Event of Ghadir Khumm. Main article: Hasan ibn Ali. Main article: Husayn ibn Ali. Main article: Imamah Shia doctrine. Main article: Shia Islamic beliefs and practices. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. February Learn how and when to remove this template message.
Main article: Ismah. Main article: The Occultation. Main article: History of Shia Islam. Main article: List of Shia dynasties. Main article: List of countries by Muslim population. Africa 4. Europe 1. Americas 0. Australia 0. Main articles: Anti-Shiism and Shia—Sunni relations. Main article: Shia days of remembrance. Main article: Holiest sites in Islam Shia. Main article: Twelver. Main article: Ja'fari jurisprudence.
See also: Shia clergy. Main article: Zaidiyyah. Main article: Isma'ilism. Main article: List of Ismaili imams. On the Khilafah of Ali over Abu Bakr. Archived from the original on 22 April Archived from the original on 27 July Retrieved 18 June Archived from the original on 8 September In subsequent sections, the spellings Shia and Shiite are adopted for consistency, except where the alternative spelling is in the title of a reference.
Archived from the original on 14 December Retrieved 10 December Edinburgh University Press. Historical Dictionary of Islamic Fundamentalism. Scarecrow Press. Archived from the original on 28 May Retrieved 4 May Bearman; Th. Bianquis; C. Bosworth; E. Heinrichs eds. Encyclopaedia of Islam 2nd ed. Archived from the original on 9 February Ferguson Bloomsbury Academic. Archived from the original on 17 May Retrieved 22 January M47 , p.
The Life of Mohammed. The Jew the Gypsy and El Islam. San Francisco. Tafsir al-Kabir, Volume Mishkat al-Masabih. Habib al-Siyar, Volume 1, Part 3. Archived from the original on 10 October February Archived from the original on 29 July Islamic Insights. Archived from the original on 28 June Archived PDF from the original on 30 July Retrieved 14 June Sahaba: The Companion.
Archived from the original on 11 March Abi Shamir, the Ghassanid king, had presented his two swords, called Mikhdham and Rasub, to the image of the goddess, Manat Encyclopaedia of Islam and the Muslim world; vol. Archived from the original on 11 May Archived from the original on 22 July Archived from the original on 14 May Retrieved 12 August Archived from the original on 2 January Archived from the original on 17 July Archived from the original on 29 April Kitab al-Kafi.
Archived from the original on 23 February Retrieved 5 January Worlds Together Worlds Apart. Norton Company Inc. The Mainstream of Civilization. Harcourt Press.
- Tickle: Digital marketing for tech companies.
- Harold Finn - Ninja Warrior The Warrior Within.
- Displaying the Wisdom of God!
The Cambridge illustrated history of the Middle Ages. Cambridge University Press. When the Sicilian Jawhar finally entered Fustat in and the following year founded the new dynastic capital, Cairo, 'The Victorious', the Fatimids A History of Medieval Islam. The fourth Fatimid Caliph is an attractive character: humane and generous, simple and just, he was a good administrator, tolerant and conciliatory.
Served by one of the greatest generals of the age, Jawhar al-Rumi, a former Greek slave, he took fullest advantage of the growing confusion in the Sunnite world. Encyclopedia of the Ottoman Empire. Infobase Publishing. Shaw; Ezel Kural Shaw Archived from the original on 12 May The World Factbook. Archived from the original on 4 June Retrieved 25 August Archived from the original on 9 August Pew Research Center. October Archived from the original PDF on 17 January Retrieved 8 October Archived from the original on 15 January Retrieved 27 January BBC News.
Join with your email
Archived from the original on 28 December Washington, DC: National Geographic. Government Department of State. Retrieved 17 November Archived from the original on 25 May US State Department. Strategic Studies Institute. April Archived PDF from the original on 18 March Library of Congress Country Studies on Pakistan.
Chapter 1: Imam Ali ibn Abu Talib (as)
Library of Congress. Archived PDF from the original on 17 July Retrieved 1 September Religion: The overwhelming majority of the population Library of Congress Country Studies on Afghanistan. August Archived from the original PDF on 8 April Retrieved 27 August Religion: Virtually the entire population is Muslim. Between 80 and 85 percent of Muslims are Sunni and 15 to 19 percent, Shia.
The World Factbook on Afghanistan.
BBC Arabic Service. Archived from the original on 7 April