The goal is to reinterpret and add unique twists that clothe that success with a fresh take. In this case, I thought the redux was uninspiring and forgettable.
Okay, I loved to see Han and Chewy again. Even though poor Han at his age can barely fight anymore. And a few lines were kinda funny. And I do love a story pitting a Republic against an Empire. So, this movie replays so many things that were reminiscent of the original.
As Moses leads the people of Israel through the Negeb desert on their way to enter the Transjordan, the Israelites grumble and complain yet again about their lack of food and water. Yahweh responds by sending serpents to punish them. Pray to the Lord, that he take away the serpents from us. And if a serpent bit anyone, he would look at the bronze serpent and live. Additionally, the Isaiah 30 passage describes these flying fiery serpents as the beasts of the Negeb, the same location for the fiery serpents of Numbers Jacob Milgrom argues that the bronze or copper snake that Moses put on the pole was a winged serpent.
Egypt is the home for images of winged serpents. For example, the arms on the throne of Tutankhamen consist of two wings of a four-winged snake uraeus , which rise vertically from the back of the seat. Indeed, the erect cobra, or uraeus, standing on its coil is the symbol of royalty for the pharaoh and the gods throughout Egyptian history.
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Winged uraei dating from the Canaanite period have been found, proving that the image of the winged serpent was well known in ancient Israel. Scholar Karen Randolph Joines adds more to the Egyptian origin of this motif, by explaining that the usage of serpent images to defend against snakes was also an exclusively Egyptian notion without evidence in Canaan or Mesopotamia. But the Bible and Egypt are not the only places where we read of flying serpents in the desert. A distance of 4 double-hours in a journey of 2 days there were two-headed serpents [whose attack] spelled death—but I trampled upon them and marched on.
A distance of 4 double-hours in a journey of 2 days there were green [animals] [Tr. Their wings are not feathered but very like the wings of a bat. I have now said enough concerning creatures that are sacred. In the last two posts here and here , we looked at the ancient Greek picture of Hades , the abode of the dead, and what hell really was in Hebrew thinking.
We compared it with the Biblical picture which was both similar and very different. Gehenna was a special valley in Jerusalem that was a metaphor for future judgement. Though 1Enoch is not Scripture, I have argued elsewhere for the high regard that the New Testament gives the ancient text as a source for some of its own theological concepts and language. Unfortunately, these visions are obscure, overlapping, and at times contradictory, so scholars have disagreed over their interpretation as well as their actual cosmic geography.
The mountains below rise up from Hades to the earth above. In the south are seven mountains of precious stones arranged in a perpendicular layout. These elements suggest it is Mount Sinai 1En. Luke ; 1En. They are in deep pits or chasms that are like fiery pillars. There is much more detail that can be quite confusing to follow, so I have included an illustrated map with some of the major elements adapted from Bautch and my own reading of 1Enoch. Last post , we looked at the ancient Greek picture of Hades, the abode of the dead.
Jesus himself used the term Hades as the location of condemned spirits in contrast with heaven as the location of redeemed spirits Matt. This parable has been convincingly proven by some scholars to be a subversive polemic against the common motif of Hellenistic pagan journeys to the underworld and communication from the dead, not a literal geography of Hades.
As Papaioannou describes:. In contrast to some cultures that envisioned meaningful existence in the afterlife, the Hebrew Bible portrays Sheol as a place of silence and lifelessness where human existence has come to an end… There is no memory in Hades Isa ; neither is there any longer a communion with God Isa It is a place of silence, darkness, and oblivion Job Thus, a person who dies in effect ceases to exist Eccl.
Richard Bauckham explains the change in understanding that occurred between the Old Testament and New Testament Scriptures regarding the abode of the dead. He points out that the older view did not involve active punishment of souls in Sheol, but merely involved holding the wicked in detention until the last judgment. The newer view, driven by apocalyptic literature included descents to the underworld, where increasingly only the wicked were located:. But only the later view enabled a seer to see and to describe in detail the punishments actually being inflicted on the wicked in hell.
Some have believed that this was the name of a garbage dump outside Jerusalem that burned with perpetual flames, and Jesus used it as a metaphor for the fires of judgment. But recent scholarship tends to disregard this thesis as lacking both exegetical weight and hard archeological evidence. God became so angry with this abomination that the prophet Jeremiah pronounced a fiery curse on the area destroyed by King Josiah around B. It provided incarnate location for the belief in the eschatological judgment of God upon evil.
For additional Biblical and historical research related to this novel, go to www. Last post on this topic , we looked at 1 Peter only to discover it is all about Jesus Christ going down into Hades to proclaim his victory of triumph over the spirits of the Watchers imprisoned in Tartarus of Hades. It is ruled over by the god of the same name, Hades, and contains perilous landscapes and dangerous bizarre creatures. Though there is not perfect consistency of geography among the various Greek and Roman authors, some elements repeat.
There are five rivers in the classical Hades. Styx is the most prominent one that circles the underworld. The second one, Acheron, is the one crossed by souls on a boat ferried by the ghostly boatman Charon to bring them to the gates of Hades. Each of the rivers represent what happens to the departed souls. The entrance to the underworld is guarded by the three-headed dog Cerberus and other chimeric creatures like centaurs.
The rivers then divide the geography into multiple regions with different purposes. Levels of torture for sinners meted out by angels or demons, with Lucifer reigning over hell as a more interesting character than God. Sadly, these unbiblical notions have influenced Christian theology in some ways more than the Scriptural text itself. They make for colorful stories, but are not true to Biblical theology. What does the Bible itself say about the underworld? The spirit of Samuel was called up from Sheol 1Sam.
When the prophet writes about Sheol in Isaiah 14, he combines the notion of the physical location of the dead body in the earth v.
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The term includes several concepts of imagination. Here are some verses that speak of Sheol geographically as a spiritual underworld below the earth in contrast with heaven as a spiritual overworld above the earth:. Deeper than Sheol —what can you know? Sheol is a multi-layered term that describes both the grave for the body and the underworld location of the departed souls of the dead.
In Old Testament times, Sheol did not include any kind of punishment beyond its power to hold souls captive to death Psa. But fire and bodily torture are absent from this Old Testament worldview. One hollow is for the righteous; another hollow is for Abel and those unjustly murdered; a third is for the wicked unpunished in life; and a fourth for the wicked who were punished in life.
The souls of the unrighteous dead thirst and are frightful of their future judgment 1En. During this time period, the unrighteous…. Their eyes were mixed with blood. Their hair was loose like the hair of women, and fiery scourges were in their hands. You have become like us! One of the most difficult and strange passages in the New Testament is 1 Peter Perhaps its oddity is tied to the fact that it is most likely connected directly to Genesis 6 and therefore of particular importance for the Biblical Cosmic War of the Seed.
This 1 Peter 3 passage is notorious for its difficult obscurity and lack of consensus among scholarly interpretation. Views are divided over it with a variety of speculative interpretations to pick from. Baptism, which corresponds to this, now saves you, not as a removal of dirt from the body but as an appeal to God for a good conscience, through the resurrection of Jesus Christ, who has gone into heaven and is at the right hand of God, with angels, authorities, and powers having been subjected to him.
The context of this letter is the suffering of believers for their faith under the persecution of the Roman empire Peter is encouraging them to persevere in doing good despite the evil done against them because they will be a witness to the watching world just as Christ was in his suffering.
He then launches into this section as an analogy of what Christ did for us in his journey of suffering, death, resurrection, and ascension. The questions begin to pile up: When did Christ go on this journey? I believe the answers to these questions are very much in line with the storyline of the War of the Seed. It can only be determined by the context. Bodily resurrection is stressed, not the immortality of the soul. While his body was dead for three days, his spirit was alive and in Sheol. How the second person of the Trinity can experience separation from the Father remains a Biblical mystery.
But whether Christ proclaims in his resurrected body or in his immaterial spirit, the next question arises, who are the spirits to which he proclaims and where are they?
One of my ancient resources has been the ancient Jewish historian Josephus. It occurred on the shores of the Euphrates in a tent constructed by Herod Antipas, the tetrarch of Galilee at the time. Antipas inserted himself into the negotiations in order to ingratiate himself to Caesar. So, what if the giant Eleazar escaped? What if he found his short way down to Caesarea Philippi, where Jesus was during that last year of ministry? Thus the creative license of the novel applying to historical characters in a feasible scenario. Jesus Bar Abbas. Zealot revolutionary leader of an insurrection in Jerusalem.
But that is not all the novel drew from historical characters. But what many casual readers of the Bible do not know is that Barabbas was a leader of a failed insurrection around that time in Jerusalem Luke In this book, Percy also meets Calypso. The book was released on May 6, The book was released on May 5, Themes include love and teenage angst, as well as dealing with homosexuality.
It features three new heroes, Jason Grace a Roman demigod, Piper McLean , and Leo Valdez travelling to California in order to rescue Hera from being consumed by the giants and to defeat the king of giants, Porphyrion. It was released on October 12, It was released on October 4, It was released on October 2, It features Jason Grace, Piper McLean, Leo Valdez, Hazel Levesque, Frank Zhang, and Nico di Angelo as they continue to set sail towards Greece with the rescue of Percy Jackson and Annabeth Chase, both of whom have fallen to Tartarus in the previous book's epilogue, in mind; the latter couple in turn also try to find their own way out of the hellish realm.
The book was released on October 8, The book was released on October 7, The Trials of Apollo is a five-part series of books written by Rick Riordan. It chronicles the life of Apollo after his being made mortal by Zeus as a punishment for his actions during the Second Gigantomachy. The first book The Hidden Oracle, was published on May 3, It features Apollo as a 16 year old mortal named Lester Papadopoulos in New York City, searching for Camp Half-Blood, after being kicked out of Olympus and landing in a dumpster, as a punishment by Zeus for angering him.
It also sees the return of Leo Valdez who was presumed to be dead and was resurrected in the last book of Heroes of Olympus, Blood of Olympus. It was released on May 2, Apollo goes on a journey with Leo Valdez and Calypso to find one of the ancient oracles. It was released on May 1, Jason, Piper, Lester and Meg head to the Julia Drusilla boats in search of the pair of shoes needed to enter the Oracle. Jason got stabbed by Caligula and died. The Demigod Files is a collection published by Hyperion on February 10, , written entirely by Riordan. Additional contents include interviews with some of the campers, a drawing of Annabeth's open camp trunk and a "Map of Camp Half-Blood" by Steve James, glossy color illustrations of eight characters by Antonio Caparo, and various crossword puzzles and other activities.
They were published in a collection titled Demigods and Magicians on April 5, It was originally published in the paperback edition of The Serpent's Shadow and was later published as an e-short. It was originally published in the paperback edition of The Mark of Athena and was later published as an e-short. They need to stop the evil magician Setne from collecting the Upper and Lower Crowns of Egypt and becoming a god. The short was originally published in the paperback edition of The House of Hades along with the short story "Percy Jackson and the Sword of Hades".
It was later published as an e-short. Demigods of Olympus is an interactive e-series in which the reader is the main character. The first three stories were published in Rick Riordan's application, Demigods of Olympus and the fourth was original to a collection of all four on July 14, This book is a retelling of several mythological stories about the Greek Gods as narrated by Percy Jackson.
It was released on August 19, Leah Wilson is editor-in-chief of the Smart Pop series  in which both the paperback first edition and the second edition were issued by BenBella. It features illustrations of characters in the series by Antonio Caparo as trading cards in pockets and chapters about Percy Jackson, Camp Half-Blood, and places, gods, monsters, and items from mythology. It was released by Hyperion on January 18, pp; and termed Book 8 in the Percy Jackson series by Amazon or the publisher.
It was adapted by Robert Venditti , illustrated by Attila Futaki, and colored by Greg Guilhaumond, and was published on October 8, It was released to theaters on February 12, It continues the adventures of Percy Jackson Logan Lerman and his friends, as they look for the golden fleece, in order to save Camp Half-Blood's magical borders from monsters. The film is based on the book The Sea of Monsters , and was released on August 7, The stageplay was written by Joe Tracz, with lyrics and music by Rob Rokicki, and the performance was directed by Stephen Brackett.
Following permission from Rick Riordan and Puffin books, the show was designed by Pushforward to encourage a love of reading and English literature. The game was based mostly on the movie and featured players that were neither in the book nor the movie. Camp Half-Blood Chronicles is a media franchise created by author Rick Riordan, encompassing three five-part novel series, three short-story collections, two myth anthology books, a stand-alone short story, an essay collection, a guide, four graphic novels, two films, a video game, a musical, and other media.
The second series, The Heroes of Olympus, introduces several more lead characters and a second camp for Roman demigods. The third series, The Trials of Apollo, follows the now-mortal god Apollo, with appearances by many characters from the first and second series. The franchise takes place in the same fictional universe as two of Riordan's other series, The Kane Chronicles which centers on Egyptian mythology and Magnus C.
More than 45 million copies of the books have been sold in more than 35 countries. An adaptation of the second book, titled Percy Jackson: Sea of Monsters, was released in The Trials of Apollo is a pentalogy of fantasy adventure and mythological fiction novels written by American author Rick Riordan that collectively form a sequel to the Heroes of Olympus series. It is set in the same world as other Riordan tales, and references characters and happenings from earlier series. The first book in the series, The Hidden Oracle, was released on May 3, The fourth book in the series, The Tyrant's Tomb, will be released in September Synopsis The series follows the trials of the god Apollo, who has been turned into a human named Lester Papadopoulos as punishment from his father and king of the gods Zeus.
Zeus is angry with Apollo for a variety of reasons, most notably for the younger god's allowing his Rom. His mother, Sally, had also married a man named Gabe Ugliano, who was killed by her using Medusa's head at the end of The Lightning Thief. She married him to protect Percy, as his foul mortal odor would hide Percy from any monsters. Later, she marries a man named Paul Blofis, who she really loves. Magnus Chase and the Gods of Asgard is a trilogy of fantasy novels written by American author Rick Riordan with the subject of Norse mythology and published by Disney-Hyperion.
The first book, The Sword of Summer, was released on October 6, The main protagonist, Magnus Chase, son of the Vanir god of fertility Frey, narrates the novel in first person. He is a cousin of Annabeth Chase, a main character of the Percy Jackson and the Olympians and The Heroes of Olympus series, who links the two series together. The novel charts the adventures of modern-day twelve-year-old Percy Jackson as he discovers he is a demigod, the son of a mortal woman and the Greek god Poseidon.
Percy and his friends Annabeth Chase and Grover Underwood go on a quest to find Zeus's stolen lightning bolt and prevent a war among the gods Zeus, Poseidon, and Hades. The Lightning Thief was published in July The book has sold over 1. It was adapted into a film name. The Kane Chronicles is a trilogy of adventure and Egyptian mythological fiction books written by American author Rick Riordan.
The novels are narrated alternately in first-person by the two protagonists, siblings Carter and Sadie Kane. The siblings are powerful magicians descended from the two pharaohs Narmer and Ramses the Great. They and their friends are forced to contend with Egyptian gods and goddesses who still interact with the modern world. Origins Author Rick Riordan, a former middle-school social studies teacher, stated that the idea for The Kane Chronicles came from his realization that the only ancient history subject more popular than Ancient Greece was Ancient Egypt.
The i. He is also one of seven main protagonists of the sequel series The Heroes of Olympus, appearing in every book except The Lost Hero, and appears in the ongoing Trials of Apollo series, making him one of the few characters to appear in all three series of the Camp Half-Blood chronicles.
Creation and conception Development of the character Percy Jackson began when Rick Riordan started inventing stories for his son Haley Riordan, who was diagnosed with ADHD and dyslexia in the spring of As a child of Loki, Alex is a demigod and also capable of shapeshifting; in The Hammer of Thor, Alex becomes an einherjar. Creation and conception In an answer to a question on Goodreads' Ask the Author, Riordan has stated that Alex Fierro is loosely based on the transgender students he had once taught.
The novel has since been translated into many languages and released as a hardcover, e-book, audiobook and paperback. The story follows Jason Grace, a Roman demigod with no memory of his past. He, along with Piper McLean, a daughter of Aphrodite, and Leo Valdez, a son of Hephaestus, are given a quest to rescue Hera, the queen of gods, from the clutches of Gaea, the primordial goddess of the earth.
It is the first book in the Camp Half-Blood chronicles to use third-person narration, switching between the points of view of Jason, Piper, and Leo. The Lost Hero received positive reviews from critics for its complex and mature plot when comp. The Heroes of Olympus is a pentalogy of fantasy-adventure novels written by American author Rick Riordan.
The novels detail a conflict between Greek demigods, Roman demigods, and Gaea also known as Mother Earth. The first book of the series, The Lost Hero, was published on October 12, The prophecy reads: Seven half-bloods shall answer the cal. Richard Russell Riordan Jr.
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His books have spawned related media, such as graphic novels and short story collections. Riordan's first full-length novel was Big Red Tequila, which became the first book in the Tres Navarre series. His big breakthrough was The Lightning Thief , the first novel in the five-volume Percy Jackson series, which placed a group of adolescents in a Greco-Roman mythological setting. Illustration from first edition of The Wonderful Wizard of Oz Juvenile fantasy is children's literature with fantasy elements: fantasy intended for readers not yet adult.
The protagonists are usually children or teens who have unique abilities, gifts, possessions or even allies that allow them to face powerful adversaries. Harry Potter is a powerful young wizard, one of the children of The Dark Is Rising series is an immature Old One with magical abilities, and in the His Dark Materials series the children have magical items and animal allies.
The plot frequently incorporates a bildungsroman. In the earlier part of the 20th century, C. Lewis noted that fantasy was more accepted in juvenile literature, and therefore a writer interested in fantasy often wrote in it to find an audience. It was published on October 4, as a hardcover, audiobook, and ebook, and is the second book in the Magnus Chase and the Gods of Asgard series.
The novel takes place six weeks after the events of the preceding story, The Sword of Summer, and chronicles Magnus Chase's quest to retrieve the missing hammer of Thor and prevent Loki's rise to power. Since its release, the novel has been translated into 15 languages, and re-released in a boxed set and as a paperback. The Hammer of Thor received positive reviews from critics, who praised its inclusion of diverse characters such as the genderfluid character Alex Fierro, Muslim Samirah al-Abbas, and deaf-mute Hearthstone, but also noted its trite and repetitive plot that did not help readers progress through the series' overall story arc.
The novel is narrated in the first-person view by Magnus Chase, year-old demigod and homeless orphan. He and his crew sail to the farthest borders of Jotunheim and Niflheim in pursuit of Asgard's greatest threat. Plot summary Magnus Chase receives an ocean survival lesson from Percy Jackson, a Greek demigod who is his cousin Annabeth Chase's boyfriend.
The latter advises him, mentioning the possessiveness of sea gods over their weapons. Alex Fierro and Magnus travel to the Chase Mansion, where they recover notes scribbled by Randolph at different points of time. Alex feels that these notes hold the key to defeat Loki. After reaching Valhalla, Magnus summons a ship gifted by his father Frey. Rick Riordan is an author of children's fantasy literature.
Each of his works of children's literature centers around an adaptation of mythology for modern readers and for children. He has used Greek, Roman, Egyptian, and Norse and combinations thereof in a total of five separate novel series. The mythology used in his works possesses elements unique to his series, but has a largely historical basis.
Some of its characteristics include an emphasis on human-divine interaction and a preference for anglicized names. These sources begin wit. After his death and arrival in Norse afterlife as an einherji, Magnus discovers that he is the son of the Norse deity, Frey, and must stop Fenris Wolf from escaping his prison and ending the world. Since its release, the novel has been translated into 9 languages.
The Sword of Summer received positive reviews from critics, who praised its plot, humor, inclusion of diverse characters, and mature themes, but also noted it failing to rise above the author's previous work. A sequel, T. The Death of Hyacinthos, by Jean Broc. The discus that killed Hyacinthos can be seen at his feet. His cult at Amyclae southwest of Sparta dates from the Mycenaean era.
A temenos or sanctuary grew up around what was alleged to be his burial mound, which was located in the Classical period at the feet of Apollo's statue. Family Hyacinthus and the West Wind on a red-figure vase Hyacinth was given various parentage, providing local links, as the son of Clio and Pierus, or of king Oebalus of Sparta, or of king Amyclus of Sparta, progenitor of the people of Amyclae, dwellers about Sparta.
As the youngest and most beautiful son of the latter and Diomedes, daughter of Lapithes, Hyacinth was the brother of Cynortus, Argalus, Polyboea, Laodamia or Leanira , and in o. It was written by Rick Riordan and was released on August 19, It features Percy Jackson giving his own take on the Greek myths in a humorous way.
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Development On April 21, , Rick Riordan announced on his Twitter account that he was writing a new book based on the stories of Greek mythology from Percy Jackson's point of view. It was released on Au. Due to the nature of the Germanic corpus, narratives featuring Thor are only attested in Old Norse, where. This meaning of the word mythopoeia follows its use by J. Tolkien in the s. The authors in this genre integrate traditional mythological themes and archetypes into fiction.
Introduction and definition Mythopoiesis is also the act of making or "producing" mythologies. Notable mythopoietic authors include J. Tolkien, C.
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Lewis, William Blake, H. Lovecraft, Lord Dunsany, George R. While many literary works carry mythic themes, only a few approach the dense self-referentiality and purpose of mythopoiesis. It is invented mythology that, rather than rising out of centuries of oral tradition, are penned over a short period of time by a single author or small group of collaborators. As distinguished from fantasy. It was released on August 16, and was published in United States by Disney Hyperion, in United Kingdom by Puffin Books and was also translated into five languages to date.
The book was praised for its humour and writing style, but criticized for its lack of illustrations. Plot The book opens with Helgi, manager of Valhalla's announcement. It is then followed by Hunding, servant of Valhalla, who introduces the reader to Norse deities and monsters. The Norse mythology, preserved in such ancient Icelandic texts as the Poetic Edda, the Prose Edda, and other lays and sagas, was little known outside Scandinavia until the 19th century. With the widespread publication of Norse myths and legends at this time, references to the Norse gods and heroes spread into European literary culture, especially in Scandinavia, Germany, and Britain.
In the later 20th century, references to Norse mythology became common in science fiction and fantasy literature, role-playing games, and eventually other cultural products such as Japanese animation. Reintroduction to popular culture Antiquaries of the 19th century such as George Webbe Dasent brought the mythology of Scandinavia back to the popular notice of many people in Germany and England; in both cases, Norse mythology was recognized as the latest surviving form of Germanic paganism.
Germany and England were Christianized far earlier than the Scandinavian countries and much of their own traditions were lost. In Britain,. He is the sole creator of some children's picture books. Personal life Rocco was raised in Barrington, Rhode Island. Rocco has also been an international art director in the entertainment industry. Rocco was the pre-production art director at Dreamworks for the film Shrek. MTV originally greenlit a second season in April ; however, in May , it was announced that the series would relocate to Spike now Paramount Network.
The second season premiered on October 11, , and concluded November 22, On January 16, , it was announced that the series had been cancelled after two seasons and that the producers are shopping the series to other networks. The novel is narrated in third-person, alternating between the points of view by the seven demigods of the "Prophecy of Seven". The novel received positive reviews from critics for its more-mature themes compared to previous Riordan novels.
This is a list of internment and concentration camps, organized by country. Certain types of camps are excluded from this list, particularly refugee camps set up to house refugees who have fled across the border from another country in fear of persecution, or have been set up by an international non-governmental organization. Prisoner-of-war camps are treated under a separate category. Argentina During the Dirty War which accompanied the — military dictatorship, there were over places throughout the country that served as secret detention centres, where people were interrogated, tortured, and killed.
Lewis's series, The Chronicles of Narnia. Some recent editions of the books include brief notes, added by later editors, that describe the cast of characters.