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Chevreau, qui est dans le Chevreana, tome II. Il faut mettre par-derriere la toile une couche de la composition suivante. Pour les tableaux sur cuivre. Juvenal nous l'apprend. Cantas cum fracta te in trabe pictum Ex humero portes. Nunc, dea, nunc sucurre mihi, nam posse mederi Picta docet templis multa tabella tuis. Toutes les tablettes se font de pierre dure.

On les appelle aussi armoires. La tablette du chandelier est une espece de petite table sur laquelle il pose le moule dont il se sert pour faire de la chandelle. Voyez les Planches de l'Imprimerie. Lebeuf y vit alors les officiers de la semaine courante in tabulis sur de la cire. Ils nommoient ces petites planches ou tablettes enduites de cire, codicillos. Quant au terme plutei, Juvenal s'en est servi dans la seconde satyre, vers 7. Nam perfectissimus horum est Si quis Aristote lem similem, vel Pittacon emit, Et jubet archetypos pluteum servare cleanthas. La matiere est ou excipiende ou excipiente.

Si cependant on se sert des tablettes officinales, on n'en prescrit qu'autant qu'il en est besoin pour peu de jours. La souscription. Voyez la Planche du Cordonnier bottier. Ils soutinrent hardiment la guerre contre l'empereur Sigismond ; le pape Martin V. On le nomme aujourd'hui l'Escaut, selon M. Aulu-Gelle, liv.

Voyez Cantemir , hist. Taburnus ; montagne d'Italie dans le Samnium, au voisinage de Caudicum, ce qui lui a fait donner le surnom de Caudinus. Vibius Sequester, en parlant de cette montagne dit, Taburnus Samnitum olivifer. Gratius, Cyneget, vers. Juvat Imara Baccho Conserere, atque oleo magnum vestire Taburnum. Tacamahaca foliis crenatis, lignum ad ephippia conficicienda aptum, dans Pluk. Hardouin dit que le nom moderne est Mahra. Delisle, par deux raisons. Selon Strabon, l. L'ancienne chronique de Flandres, parlant de Marguerite, comtesse de Flandres, dit ch. Il semble qu'elles ne suivent aucune loi dans leurs apparitions.

Taches des Planetes. Les astronomes trouvent que les autres planetes ont aussi leurs taches. Dans Jupiter, outre ces taches, nous voyons plusieurs bandes paralleles qui traversent son disque apparent. Pline le jeune en menoit toujours un dans ses voyages. Ils recueilloient ainsi les harangues qui se faisoient en public. Voyez cet article. Lingua mea calamus scribae velociter scribentis. Cependant les anciens n'ignoroient point cet art. Ces vers d'Ausone, au contraire, font voir qu'un seul point exprimoit une parole entiere. Non potes irasci, quod scribimus ipse jubebas, Nunquam quietum dextera ut ferret stilum : Non petimus toties, te praeceptore, negatas, Avare doctor, jam scholarum ferias.

Pangere puncta libet, sulcisque intexere sulcos, Flexas catenis impedire virgulas. Les monogrammes. La suppression totale des voyelles, comme dans les langues orientales. Quand on suit un orateur rapide, on peut supprimer entierement les articles qui se placent ensuite en relisant le discours. Steganographia, or the art of short writing, by Addy. Willis's abbreviation, or writing by characters, London Sheltons, art of short hand writing, Long. Mercury, or the secret and swift messengers, by Wilkins, Rich's short hand.

Masons, art of short writing. London Easy method of short hand writing. Tacina est le Targis ou Targines des anciens. On dit une condition tacite, un consentement tacite, une paix tacite, une clause tacite. Ce n'est cependant quelquefois qu'une maladie, ou la suite d'une maladie. Il y a des nations taciturnes, des familles taciturnes ; on devient taciturne avec ceux qu'on craint. LE, Physiol. Si la main, continue M. Tel est, selon lui, le privilege des rois d'Espagne. Guischardt, tom. Le chevalier de Folard a tort, quand il dit que cet ordre de bataille en quinconce subsista jusqu'au tems de Trajan.

C'est le dernier trait que l'histoire fournisse de cette ancienne tactique. Je parierois, dit M. Ce jugement est sans-doute trop rigoureux. Cela va jusqu'au merveilleux dans ses trois premiers livres, le quatrieme est peu de chose. Il ne s'agit pour cet effet que de leur donner la hauteur ou la profondeur convenable, suivant la maniere dont elles doivent combattre.

L'histoire de France, depuis Henri II. Cela se pratiquoit ainsi faute de bonne infanterie. Pour les recouvrer il falloit des modeles. Rai, synop. Pline se sert du mot taeda pour signifier un arbre de l'espece du pin. Le nom moderne, selon Castald, est Mesenna. Art distill. Les Anglois de la Barbade distillent le taffia avec plus de soin que nous ne faisons. Pline nomme Tagaste, Tagestense oppidum. Augustin, en l'an de J. Tandis que S.

Notre Sauveur n'en vouloit point d'autre. Tagus auriferis arenis celebratur, dit Pline, l. Ce fleuve a sa source dans la partie orientale de la nouvelle Castille, aux confins du royaume d'Aragon. Le Camoens, dans sa Lusiade, apostrophe ainsi les nymphes du Tage. Cette plante est le sena spuria Malabarica, de l'Hort. Cette plante nous vient de Catalogne. Miller vous en enseignera la culture. Il mourut vers l'an Les traducteurs de Plutarque rendent Tagonius par le Tage. Voyez TAON. Voyez les Planches. Corps d'ouvriers artisan qui travaille aux ouvrages de taillanderie.

Louis ; elles sont cependant beaucoup plus anciennes. Les seigneurs levoient quelquefois des tailles non pour eux, mais pour le roi. Les Juifs levoient aussi quelquefois sur eux des tailles pour leurs affaires communes. Ces tailles ne se levoient que dans les domaines du roi. Ce ne fut qu'en , sous le regne de Charles VII. Il y a encore beaucoup d'autres personnes qui en sont exemptes, soit en vertu de quelque office, commission ou privilege particulier.

Voyez l'hist. Voyez la coutume de Bourbonnois, art. Voyez Collet sur les statuts de Bresse, part. Voyez le ch. Voyez le glossaire de M. Voyez Collet sur les statuts de Bresse, p. Louis VIII. Voyez Collet , sur les statuts de Bresse, p. Voyez la coutume de Troies. Pierre ne s'accomplira-t-il jamais? Quelques coutumes n'admettent que trois cas. Les trois premieres ne reconnoissent que trois cas, les autres en admettent quatre.

L'origine de ce droit est fort ancienne. D'autres rapportent cet usage au tems de l'institution des fiefs. Voyez Cujas , liv. Dolive, liv. Lapeirere, let. Despeisses, tom. Salvaing, des fiefs, ch. Voyez la Peyrere, lettre T. Louis XI. Les guerres sous Louis XII. Ce fut bien pis sous Henri III. Voyez l'histoire de Louis XI. Telle est la description que Celse fait de la lithotomie. Tous les auteurs qui l'ont suivi, n'ont presque fait que le copier. Du grand appareil. Enfin on chercha des regles pour conduire les instrumens avec certitude.

Pour la pratiquer, on fait situer le malade convenablement. On lit dans Fabricius Hildanus, lib. Ce sont les termes de M. Frere Jacques profita de la critique de M. Mais en suivant la description de M. La dissertation de M. Cheselden fit les premieres tentatives ; il rencontra en suivant ponctuellement la description de M. Pendant le voyage de M. Feu M. Je vais donner ici la description dont M.

La seule artere qu'on peut ouvrir, est une branche de la honteuse interne qui se distribue dans le bulbe de l'urethre. S'il y a des fragmens, ou une seconde ou troisieme pierre dans la vessie, on se conduit comme on a fait pour la premiere pierre. Rau par M. La figure 3. La figure 4. Foubert d'une maniere brillante. Dans un second malade, M. Voyez Planche XII. La figure 1.

La fig. Planche XIII. Ces malheurs porterent M. Quand M. Place du Palais. Le quai de la Grave. Les quais de la Monnaie et de Sainte-Croix. Ils ont pour limites le quai de la Grave au nord, et celui de Paludate au sud. Rue du Temple. Rue de la vieille tour. La rue Sainte-Calherine. La rue Sainte-Caiherine est une de celles de Bordeaux dans lesquelles on voit en plus grand nombre des marchands d'objets de luxe. Deux partis divisaient Bordeaux.

Elle dura quatre heures, et plus de cent personnes y perdirent la vie. Rue de la Porte-Basse. Plus auguste estla Porte-Basse Que le haut portail d'un palais. Elle n'offrait rien de remarquable dans sa forme. Rue des Palanques. Les bains publics. Rue des Trois-Conils. Celle ci portait trois lapins. Le cours d'Albret. Rue Maubec. Porte des Capucins. Cette porte tire son nom du couvent des capucins qui subsistait dans son voisinage lorsqu'elle fut construite. Interesting and informative, it s a great, unintimidating introduction to a city with a whole lot of history. In his follow-up, Clarke gives us his hilarious 11 commandments for understanding the French, with a great section on the typical tourist experience.

Movies It s difficult to cull this down into a small list because there are so many terrific films about France. Most of the movies here take place in Paris, and their shots of this beautiful city will only increase your anticipation of visiting. Wonderful shots of Paris in the late s. Before Sunset: In this sequel to the film Before Sunrise, the two main characters, who had met in Vienna and spent a memorable night together, reunite after one gives a reading from his new book at Shakespeare and Company.

Gigi: This Lerner and Loewe musical set in Paris at the turn of the 20th century follows a young girl as she is groomed into a would-be courtesan based on a story by the French author Colette. Paris: Starring Romain Duris and Juliette Binoche, this comedy prominently features some of the best sights of Paris in its background. Paris, Je T Aime: This collaboration of 18 short films, all named after different Parisian neighborhoods, is a beautiful collection of humorous, dramatic, and heart-wrenching oeuvres.

It gives some great insight to the diversity of Parisian life while featuring the architecture and character in the City of Light. Ratatouille: Watching this Pixar film with your kids is a perfect way to get them and you! Remy, a French rat with keen olfactory senses, dreams of being a chef and, after a near-death experience, gets his chance at a high-class Parisian bistro.

I also compile a calendar of the most memorable events in Paris; you may want to consider planning your trip to coincide with one of the festivals, sporting events, or celebrations. For further research on seasonal events and festivals in Paris, check out the Practical Paris and What s On sections of the official Englishlanguage tourist and visitor Web site Revealing the Secret of the Seasons Residents and visitors alike find Paris ideal in spring and autumn, when weather is kind, crowds are reasonable, and Parisian life runs at a steady hum.

Winter can be gray and bone-chillingly damp, but there are plenty of things to do inside: You can fill an entire trip with visits just to the Louvre, and January has its own joy: les soldes twice yearly governmentmandated sales, lasting two or three weeks each. In summer, you can bask in daylight that lasts until 10 p.

Table presents Paris s average daytime temperatures by month to help you plan your trip. In Paris, temperatures are reported in Celsius. Spring generally arrives in Paris at this time and brings some beautifully clear, fresh days. The parks and gardens of Paris and those at Versailles, Fontainebleau, and Giverny see Chapter 14 burst with colorful, fragrant blooms.

Crowds of visitors don t kick in until July summer vacation except during the spring fashion shows in Mar , so lines are relatively short at the top attractions, and airfares have yet to reach their summertime highs. But keep in mind that April in Paris is not as temperate as Cole Porter would have you believe.

In fact, Paris weather can be very similar to that in London: It s fickle. Pack for warm, cold, wet, dry, and every other eventuality; in other words, bring layers and an umbrella. Paris is a beach Long and sultry days 6 a. Be sure to stop by Paris Plages, an artificial beachfront set up along the highways next to the Seine during the summer months. Sand, palm trees, and beach umbrellas are brought in, and residents are encouraged to stroll and take some sun but don t jump into the river!

But remember that an influx of tourists during the summer means long lines at museums and other sites. The weather also is capricious: You may have a week of rain and mids temperatures, followed by days of cloudless skies and as of recently very high temperatures.

Also, much of the city is without air-conditioning, including most trains and buses. Because most Parisians take their vacations in August, the city is wonderfully tranquil in some places and devoid of life in others. Although the entire city doesn t exactly shut down in August, some shops and restaurants close for the entire month. The city s cultural calendar slows down, too, and you may have to walk an extra block or two to find an open shop or newsstand. And if you go to Paris in August with thoughts of practicing your French, think again French may be the language you re least likely to hea Fabulous festive fall The fall is one of my favorite times to visit Paris.

Important art exhibitions open along with trendy new restaurants, shops, and cafes, and students repopulate the many universities. And with daytime temperatures in the 60s and 70s and nights in the 50s, the weather is especially pleasant. Keep in mind, however, that finding a hotel at the last minute in the fall can be difficult due to the number of business conventions and trade shows that take place in the city, including the October fashion shows. Be sure to book ahead. Transportation strikes of varying intensities traditionally occur during the fall.

Some go virtually unnoticed by the average traveler, but others can be giant hassles. Winter wonderland You can find great airfare deals during the winter; airlines and tour operators often offer unbeatable prices on flights and package tours.

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Lines at museums and other sights are mercifully short. And, if shopping is your bag, you can save up to 50 percent during the sales in January. But remember that although Paris winters may appear mild on paper, in reality, residents know that they re gray sometimes the sun doesn t shine for weeks , dreary, and bone-chillingly damp there s a reason French women wear scarves!

And look out for those winds that lash up and down the city s grand boulevards. Bring a warm, preferably waterproof, coat and umbrella. Remember: All this weather is an excellent excuse to go shopping! Or, if you pass by an English-language bookstore or bar, pick up a copy of the English-language free publications, Paris Voice and FUSAC In the following sections are Paris s month-by-month attractions. La Grande Parade de Montmartre is fun and flashy with majorettes, high school bands, and elaborate floats that traverse the city streets.

The parade begins at 2 p. January 1. The main object of celebration is a flaky, almond-paste-filled pie that conceals a ceramic charm so watch your teeth. According to custom, whoever finds the charm becomes king or queen for the day, is entitled to wear the crown, and has free reign, as it were, in his or her choice of a consort. The pie with the charm is available at all patisseries dessert shops. January 6. Residents go all out for the Chinese New Year Festival and celebratory events take place in Chinatown 13e , although pockets of celebration unfold in the smaller Chinese neighborhoods in the Marais 3e and in Belleville 11e and 20e.

A parade features dragons, dancers, and fireworks. Plan on grabbing a bite to eat in one of the many excellent Chinese restaurants in the area. The exposition hall hosts shows of the new clothing lines from some 1, designers. Admission for nontrade visitors can range from 20 to Invitation-only fashion shows are also held at the major design houses. End of January. February Hundreds of farmers display animals and produce and win prizes for the biggest and best at Salon International de l Agriculture, a country fair in the heart of the city. Regional food stands offer tastes from all parts of France, and the atmosphere is friendly and quintessentially French at the Parc des Expositions de Paris, Porte de Versailles 15e.

Last week of February. The event is a local tradition that s been observed since Admission is around 9 to Mid-March to mid-april. The French Fashion Week exhibits the following year s read-to-wear fall and winter collections. Check for more information. Early March. Late March to end of May. Good Friday, p. March or April. One of the most popular athletic events of the year, the Marathon de Paris has runners sprinting past a variety of the city s most beautiful monuments.

The 42km mile event attracts enthusiastic crowds. Early April. The huge annual fair Foire de Paris is a great place to bargain-hunt and people-watch, and signals the start of spring with hundreds of stands selling good-priced food and wine and a variety of clothing and household goods. The fair takes place at the Parc des Expositions, Porte de Versailles 15e. Late April to early May. Log on to for more information. See Chapter 14 for tour companies that go to Versailles. May May is a month of one holiday after the next in France.

Banks, post offices, and most museums are closed for May Day, the French version of Labor Day, but you can watch a workers parade that traditionally ends at the place de la Bastille. May 1. The whole quarter takes on a festive ambience, red carpets line the streets, and plants and flowers decorate storefronts. Third week of May. If you re lucky enough to procure hard-to-find tickets to the French Open, Paris s biggest tennis event, you ll find yourself watching the red-clay matches in the Stade Roland Garros, 2 av. Gordon Bennett, in the Bois de Boulogne 16e , on the western edge of the city.

Unsold tickets those not reserved for corporate sponsors go on sale two weeks before the competition starts. Last week in May and first week in June. Mid-June to mid-july. The celebration of the summer solstice has never been louder! You can hear everything from classical to hip-hop for free in squares and streets around Paris. World-renowned jazz acts play weekends in the Bois de Vincennes lovely Parc Floral 12e during the Paris Jazz Festival, now a fixture on the international jazz circuit.

Check out for more information. Middle of June until the beginning of August. Wellknown international and French music acts play during the three-day festival, during which over , young Euro hippie types descend upon the Hippodrome de Longchamp in the Bois de Bologne 16e. End of June. One of the most distinguished aviation events in the world is the Paris Air Show, which takes place in odd-numbered years at Le Bourget Airport, just outside Paris. Visitors can check out the latest aeronautic technology on display.

Although the bals are free, drinks cost. July 13 and If you plan to be in Paris in July, bring your beach clothes! Paris Plages, a month-long festival, turns a bit of the Right Bank into the Riviera. From mid-july to mid-august, the city closes off 3. There are three beaches made from sand, grass, or wooden planks; palm trees and wooden lounge chairs; snack bars and cafes; a climbing wall; trampolines; an area to play boules; and even old-time dance halls known as guinguettes. Concerts are organized by the electronics store Fnac, and there are dance and comedy performances as well.

Mid-July to mid-august. If you plan to attend the celebration, be sure to arrive very early because the crowds are tremendous. Check the newspapers the day before or log on to www. Third Sunday of July. Three-day passes generally cost around End of August. Church services at Notre-Dame are the most. August Get a list and a map of all the open buildings from the Paris Convention and Visitors Bureau. Weekend closest to September The annual arts festival, the Festival d Automne is recognized throughout Europe for its innovative programming and the high quality of its artists and performers.

Since , the growing street party cum parade, Techno Parade www. October More than a half million people visit museums, libraries, swimming pools, churches, and bars and restaurants during Nuit Blanche blanche. Early Octobe The wine might not taste that great, but it s all about the celebration of the harvest at Montmartre s one remaining vineyard, Clos Montmartre. Locals dress in period costumes, and the streets come alive with music.

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Admission is Mid- to late Octobe November The Paris International Photo Fair, also known simply as Paris Photo is held every year in the Carrousel du Louvre 1er , with more than galleries and publishers exhibiting important works from the 19th century to the present. This also coincides with Mois de la Photo, the biennial national photography month, where many museums and galleries have special shows throughout the month.

Check listings in the weekly guide Pariscope or at info. The French commemorate those who died fighting in both world wars with a wreath-laying ceremony at the Arc de Triomphe 8e; the location of the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier , and veterans sell poppy corsages in memory of Armistice Day.

November November in Paris can be awfully gray and chilly, but you ll warm up quickly just after midnight for the annual celebration of the public release of Beaujolais Nouveau, a lightweight red wine that is bottled after the fall harvest and meant for immediate consumption as it has a short shelf life.

Wine bars and cafes are packed just for the event. Trees all the way from the Arc de Triomphe 8e to the Tuileries 1er are brightly lit through New Year s. December 1 to January 3. Look no further than these chapters to help you plan everything for your trip from where to stay and how much to spend on traveling successfully with kids to what to do if your wallet has been stolen.

Chapter 4 tells you what to expect in each price category so you can plan a workable budget. Chapter 5 gets you to Paris, whether it be by plane, train, automobile, or hovercraft, and discusses the pros and cons of package tours. Chapter 6 takes into account special interests and gives advice to families, seniors, people with disabilities, and gays and lesbians.

And in Chapter 7, you get some advice about those last-minute details that can frustrate even the most experienced of travelers. Then add in the flight cost see Chapter 5 on how to fly to Paris for less , the price of getting from the Charles de Gaulle or Orly airport to your hotel, your hotel rate per day, meals, transportation costs, admission prices to museums and the theater, and other entertainment expenses.

Add another 25 percent to the total for good measure. You never know when you might stumble across a cute boutique or a brocante a flea market with one-of-a-kind items. Planning Your Budget Cities rarely are cheap or expensive across the board; Paris tends to be pricey for dining but more reasonable for accommodations, so booking a good hotel shouldn t be a problem. The following list offers guidelines for what you re likely to spend while in Paris.

Accommodations: Before you start shelling out money for lodging, think about how much time you ll actually spend in your room. For between 80 and per night, you can rent a clean, functionally furnished hotel room with a private bathroom and cable TV and Wi-Fi. Hint: You can buy better soaps in the grocery store or at the chain store Monoprix for just a few euros. If you re feeling extravagant and willing to spend or more, luxury, upper-tier hotels offer more services, such as room service, air-conditioning, and toiletries.

Getting across town in less than half an hour is no problem, and the cost is lower when you purchase one of several available discount tickets or a carnet booklet of ten tickets. See Chapter 8 for options and prices. If navigating a maze of narrow and twisted one-way streets, dodging angry taxis drivers in chaotic traffic circles, and never being able to find a parking space appeal to you, then by all means rent a car in Paris.

Otherwise, I strongly suggest relying on taxis and the city transit. Even many Parisians refuse to drive in their own city! If you want to rent a car to see other parts of France or make a day trip outside of Paris, rent on your way out of the city. See Chapter 7 for addresses and phone numbers of car-rental agencies in Paris. Restaurants: The French consider dining out one of the finer joys in life, and they pay for it. You can expect to do the same. An average Parisian dining experience a three-course dinner in a popular upscale restaurant runs about 50 to 80 per person. You can find establishments serving satisfying two-course meals for as little as 12 and ethnic eateries and sandwich shops that are as tasty as they are economical.

Dining reasonably in Paris isn t impossible when you know where to look. Chapter 10 helps you discover just that. Attractions: Entry fees to museums and other sights can add up quickly; find money-saving advice in Chapter 11, after which making a list of must-dos will give you a feel for how much money to set aside.

Shopping: Paris is one of the world s best places to shop. Store owners arrange their wares in such enticing window displays with prices that you ll find plenty to buy in no time. You can find some great deals during les soldes the semiannual sales in January and July , but remember that a steep If you live outside the European Union, you re entitled to get back part of the tax if you meet certain requirements see Chapter 12 for more information. Nightlife: Don t forgo the spectacles at the Lido or Moulin Rouge if you ve always wanted to see them just know beforehand that you ll be charged a small fortune for entry and alcoholic beverages.

Plan on seeing the show without dinner, and exit with a wallet that isn t quite as light as it otherwise would be. Budget big, too, especially when you plan to visit clubs and other nightspots; nightclubs usually have covers though the first drink is generally included and bars are rarely cheap. You can save money for ballet, opera, and plays at the national theaters by buying half-price or same-day tickets. See Chapters 15 and 16 for more information. See Chapter 5 for specific companies to call. I can t repeat it enough: Always ask for discount rates.

Membership in AAA, AARP, frequent-flyer plans, trade unions, or other groups may qualify you for savings on car rentals, plane tickets, hotel rooms, even meals. Ask about everything you may be pleasantly surprised. The following sections offer additional cost-cutting strategies for various expenses. Accommodations Book your hotel room early. Rooms at the best prices fill up quickly, especially in the fall.

Negotiate the room price, especially in the low season. It never hurts to ask for discounts either: Ask for a discount if you re 60 or over or a student. Ask for a discount when you re staying three days or more even if you re not a senior or a student. Check the Web for specials.

Most Parisian hotels have their own Web sites and offer promotions, especially for stays of three days or longe. It may not seem like much of a vacation if you cook your own meals and wash your own dishes, but you can save a lot of money by not eating in restaurants three times a day. Even if you make only breakfast and pack an occasional bag lunch, you can save a little extra cash for souvenirs and gifts for your family and friends back home. Shopping the open-air markets and grocery stores offers a fun peek into the French way of life. Rent an apartment instead of staying in a hotel.

Renting a Paris apartment can be surprisingly cheap, and apartment-rental services flourish online. You save money by eating more meals in the apartment, and you experience a little of what it s like to live like a resident of Paris. See Chapter 9 for specific rental agencies.

Consider a housing swap. If you have a house in a desirable locale for French tourists in a big city or near a national park , you may just be able to arrange a mutually beneficial arrangement for free. See Chapter 9 for details. Transportation Fly during the week rather than on weekends. Many airlines charge slightly less if you fly on weekdays.

Travel during the off season also called the low season , the period from approximately October to April. Pack light so that you can take the cheapest way into the city from the airport and won t have to worry about lugging around heavy bags. You can save around 38 by taking a train or bus instead of a cab from Charles de Gaulle Airport and about 32 from Orly. A single ticket costs 1. Better yet, if you know you re going to be in Paris one or two days, buy a Paris Visite pass, which is good for unlimited subway and bus travel; at 9 for one day or 15 for two days kids 4 11 are half-price; kids 3 and under ride free , it s a good deal.

If you ll be in Paris three or more days, your best bet is the Navigo weekly pass. It costs 18 for zones 1 and 2 Paris and some of the suburbs and 24 for zones 1 through 3 Paris and suburbs, including Disneyland. See Chapter 8 for more details. Restaurants Make lunch your main meal. Many restaurants offer great deals on a prix fixe fixed price lunch or offer a formule daily special of appetizer, main course, and dessert that can often be cheaper than ordering off the regular menu. After two or three courses at midday, you won t want a big dinne.

Look for restaurants away from touristy areas, like in the ninth and tenth arrondissements, where the good chow isn t priced at a premium. Try the ethnic neighborhoods. You can get terrific Chinese and Vietnamese foods in the 13th arrondissement between the place d Italie and the Porte de Choisy; the 10e, 18e, and 20e have restaurants with North African, Turkish, Vietnamese, and Thai menus.

Couscous is on the menu at many restaurants and usually is an inexpensive offering, and falafel stands abound in the Marais 3e and 4e. Keep in mind that the plat du jour daily entree special usually is the cheapest main dish at a budget restaurant. Remember that wine is cheaper than soda. Some mineral waters, likewise, are less expensive than others. Ask for une carafe d eau oon kar-ahf doh; tap water , which is free. If you re just having drinks or coffee, do it standing at the ba You pay twice as much when you re seated at a table.

Know the tipping rules. Most restaurants include the gratuity in the bill. Look for service compris on your bill, which means 15 percent has been added already. It s customary to leave an extra 5 percent if the service was good. Attractions, shopping, and nightlife If you plan to visit two or three museums a day for multiple days, buy the Paris Museum Pass. It s offered in three versions: a twoconsecutive-day pass 32 , a four-consecutive-day pass 48 , and a six-consecutive-day pass It s a great deal if you plan to visit many museums; plus, it allows you to skip long lines.

See Chapter 11 for more information. Take advantage of the reduced admission fees at museums. The reduced prices usually apply after 3 p. Remember that on the first Sunday of every month, admission to national museums is free. You can also find stylish but inexpensive clothing at Monoprix stores located all over the city.

Buy half-price theater and other performance tickets. You can find same-day half-price tickets at one of the kiosks by La Madeleine or at the Gare Montparnasse. The kiosks are little huts with panels indicating if the performance is sold out symbolized by a little red man or. See Saving money on tickets, in Chapter 15 for more information.

Anthologie des poètes français contemporains/Tome troisième

Avoid going to clubs on weekends. Some clubs are cheaper than others, and some are cheaper during the week. Many allow women in free until a certain time usually 11 p. Handling Money The euro, the single European currency for much of the European Union, became the official currency of France and 11 other participating countries on January 1, , but it didn t go into general circulation until January 1, The old currency, the French franc, disappeared into history on March 1, Exchange rates of participating countries are locked into a common currency fluctuated against the dolla Converting to euros Frommer s lists exact prices in the local currency.

The currency conversions quoted in Table , above, were correct at press time. However, rates fluctuate, so before departing consult a currency exchange website such as to check up-to-the-minute rates. Table The Value of the Euro vs. Find them they re outside nearly every bank, in major department stores, airports, and train stations. You won t be able to check your balance or transfer funds between accounts, so keep track of your withdrawals while you travel.

Check how much your bank charges before leaving home. On top of this fee, the bank from which you withdraw cash may also include its own fee. For this reason, taking out larger amounts of money every two to three days makes more sense than more frequent withdrawals of smaller amounts. Likewise, remember that banks place limits on the amount of money you can take out per day, usually between and This number may be adjustable; call your bank to find out.

HSBC has its own machines dotted throughout Paris that can be used free of charge and even be used to check your balance. Before leaving call your bank s customer service department to find out what kind of international services they offe Pulling out your plastic: Using credit cards MasterCard and Visa are accepted at nearly any establishment that takes credit cards in Paris. But American Express and Diners Club aren t widely accepted at small restaurants, shops, or budget hotels in Paris or the rest of the country.

Refer to your card by the name of the company Visa, American Express, and so on , rather than as a carte de credit because the term credit card doesn t translate into French correctly. Remember that you pay interest on cash advances on your credit card from the moment you receive the cash.

And, many credit card companies now tack on additional fees for foreign-currency transactions sometimes up to 4 percent, on top of the 1 percent service charge that MasterCard and Visa charge. If you don t know how much your credit card charges for currency conversion, contact a company representative. Going the way of the dinosaur: The extinction of traveler s checks These days, there s no need to waste valuable time standing in long lines at the American Express office or in search of bureaux de change to cash traveler s checks.

Simply use your ATM card to withdraw the money you need. Relatively few banks in Paris exchange currency or cash traveler s checks; they prefer to send visitors to bureaux de change in touristy areas that charge a hefty fee. Dealing with a Lost or Stolen Wallet Every credit card company has an emergency international number that you can call if your wallet or purse is stolen.

Million Scarlet Rose's / Dance Exhibition

In the unlikely event that this happens, be sure to block charges against your credit card account immediately. Your credit card company may be able to wire you a cash. The check issuer can tell you where to pick up the new checks. Here s what to do if your pocket has been picked: First, make a police report as soon as possible. There are three or four commissariats police stations in each arrondissement; the train stations also have small police stations. Go to the station closest to where the crime took place. If you were robbed in the subway, however, you can go to any police station.

The police receipts are sometimes necessary in applying for the replacement of airline tickets, Eurail passes formerly known as the Europass , passports, and traveler s checks or for supporting insurance claims. The report must be made in person and most police stations have English-speaking personnel. Call the U. This chapter will make you an expert in no time and well able to get yourself to Paris simply and easily.

Flying to Paris Though Paris has two major airports Charles de Gaulle and Orly most non-european visitors land at the larger, busier, and more modern Charles de Gaulle. Charles de Gaulle is located 23km 15 miles northeast of downtown Paris in a town called Roissy. Orly Airport is located 14km 8 1 2 miles south of the city; its airport code is ORY. Web sites and phone numbers for the major airlines serving Paris are in the list that follows. The Web sites offer schedules, flight bookings, and package tours. Most allow you to sign up for alerts that list weekend deals and other late-breaking bargains.

Competition among the major U. Business travelers who need the flexibility to buy their tickets at the last minute and change their itineraries at a moment s notice and who want to get home before the weekend pay the premium rate, known as the full fare. If you re lucky enough to fly to Paris this way, more power to you.

It certainly isn t cheap! But if you can book your ticket far in advance, stay over Saturday night, and are willing to travel midweek Tues Thurs , you can qualify for the least-expensive price usually a fraction of the full fare. Obviously, planning ahead pays.


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The airlines also periodically hold sales, in which they lower the prices on their most popular routes. These fares have advance-purchase requirements and date-of-travel restrictions and may be nonrefundable, but you can t beat the prices. As you plan your vacation, keep your eyes open for these sales, which tend to take place in seasons of low travel volume Nov, Jan Apr. You almost never see a sale around the peak summer vacation months of July and August, or around Thanksgiving or Christmas, when many people fly, regardless of the fare they have to pay.

Consolidators, also known as bucket shops, negotiate bulk quantities of airline tickets and sell them at a discount. They re great sources for international tickets, although they usually can t beat the Internet on fares within North America some say that early consolidator Web sites paved the way for the numerous current travel Web sites available today. Start by looking in Sunday newspaper travel sections; their ads are usually formatted to look like classified ads.

Several reliable consolidators are worldwide and available on the Web. Montreal-based AirTicketsDirect. The most popular online travel agencies are Expedia Orbitz www. I suggest using Kayak or SideStep to book tickets; these sites consolidate and search all the flights and deals from the major travel sites as well as the booking sites of the actual airlines. Each of the big sites has business deals with the airlines and may offer different fares on the same flights, so shopping around is wise. Expedia, Kayak, Orbitz, and Travelocity will also send you an notification when a cheap fare becomes available to your favorite destination.

By Francis Miltoun

If you re willing to give up some control over your flight details, use Priceline s opaque fare service. I say opaque because it offers rock-bottom prices in exchange for travel on a mystery airline at a mysterious time of day, often with a mysterious change of planes en route sometimes more than one change of planes.

The mystery airlines are all major, well-known carriers, but your chances of getting a 6 a. Priceline also has nonopaque service; you can pick exact flights, times, and airlines from a list of offers. Great last-minute deals are also available directly from the airlines themselves. Each week, the airline sends you a list of discounted flights, usually leaving the upcoming Friday or Saturday and returning the following Monday or Tuesday.

Speech by Alumni President

Sign up for weekly alerts at airline Web sites or check megasites that compile comprehensive lists of lastminute specials, such as Smarter Travel For last-minute trips, lastminute. All Paris train stations are located within the first 15 arrondissements and are easily accessible. There are no U. To get into Paris proper, take line no.

If you re arriving in Paris from the United Kingdom, about a dozen companies run hydrofoil, ferry, and hovercraft across the English Channel, or La Manche pronounced la mahnsh; literally: the sleeve , as the French say.