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Ancient Japan - Ancient History Encyclopedia
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- Understanding Japan: A Cultural History;
- Driving in Reverse: Part 3;
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Understanding Japan: A Cultural History. In partnership with. Professor Mark J.
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Share This Course. Course No. Choose a Format. Streaming Included Free. Audiobook available exclusively on Audible. Global war and defeat to : Get a perspective on World War II that goes beyond kamikaze pilots and Pearl Harbor which Professor Ravina considers a defeat for the Japanese military and reveals how a cacophony of political voices and a lack of military planning led to a crushing defeat for a once-powerful nation. His lectures masterfully introduce you to cultural practices you never knew of—and add new levels of understanding to ones you may already be familiar with, such as: Myths and legends: How was Japan created?
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Encounter the Soul of Japan The cultural exactitude in these lectures is impressive; so much so that the attention to detail goes right down to the design of our studio set which itself pays homage to Japanese aesthetics. Hide Full Description. Average 30 minutes each. How has Japanese culture been shaped by powerful cycles of globalization and isolation? When was the earliest human habitation of Japan, and what are the origins of its rich culture?
These and other probing questions are the perfect starting points for dispelling common Western misconceptions about this great island nation. Get an engaging introduction to ancient Japanese myths, collectively known as Shinto Way of the Gods".
Focusing on the oldest written compilation of Japanese oral tradition, the Kojiki, you'll examine fascinating stories about gods and heroes, the origins of the universe, the Rock Cave of Heaven, rival clans, and more. In the late s, Japan began an unprecedented project of state building that evolved into the highly centralized, emperor-led Ritsuryo state. As you examine the state's laws and accomplishments, you'll uncover how this political centralization was actually inspired by - and responded to - the emergence of powerful states in China and Korea.
Make sense of one of the world's most complex writing systems, and discover how spoken Japanese reflects a long-standing concern with order, hierarchy, and consensus. Why is social context so important when speaking Japanese? And what are the linguistic consequences of adopting Chinese characters in Japanese writing? Professor Ravina explains why Buddhism was so appealing in ancient Japan.
He reveals three key observations about the religion's earliest form including its spread with direct support from Japanese rulers and discusses the two main strands of Japanese Buddhism: the more esoteric tradition of Shingon and the more accessible Pure Land. Journey through Japan's first period of isolation from the s to the s and the rise of the Heian court, ancient Japan's cultured and exclusive aristocracy.
Along the way, you'll meet the powerful Fujiwara family and unpack how the novel The Tale of Genji reveals the court's penchant for scandal and intrigue. Turn away from the court in Kyoto to the countryside, where political infighting led to the rise of Japan's first shogunate "warrior dynasty" and the emergence of the samurai.
You'll also explore the rise of warrior culture through the lines of The Tale of the Heike, an epic ballad spread by wandering minstrels. How did the decline of the court and the rise of the warrior class shape the evolution of Buddhist aesthetic, spiritual, and philosophical concepts? Find out in this illuminating lecture, which covers the massive growth of Pure Land Buddhism the dominant form in Japan today and the two main schools of Zen Buddhism.
Samurai culture was not fixed but constantly adapting to larger social and cultural changes. Central to these changes was the Ashikaga dynasty. As you'll learn, political turmoil under the Ashikaga led to the samurai defining themselves with a culture of extreme loyalty and a new sense of valor, independent of imperial court culture. Japan's second great wave of globalization, the subject of this lecture, stretched from the s to the early s.
It's a fascinating period that includes competition with China's Ming dynasty; the new influence of the West which brought with it guns and Christianity ; and the rule of Toyotomi Hideyoshi, Japan's most powerful warlord. Lasting for over years, the Tokugawa shogunate curtailed both globalization and Christianity. How did this feudal government come to power? How did its policies isolate Japan? Along the way, you'll get an insightful look at what we really mean by "isolation" - and how Japan was shaped by foreign cultures even when most Japanese were banned from traveling overseas.
Explore two major forms of Japanese theater: Noh the high classical form and Kabuki the more popular form. In looking at two important theatrical works - Atsumori, rich in lofty ideals and elegant aesthetics, and The Scarlet Princess of Edo, full of crude decadence and mayhem - you'll uncover what these traditions share, and what they make their own. Here, consider the splendor and harmony of some of Japan's most important gardens including tea gardens, rock gardens, and strolling gardens as part of a history of aesthetics and also as expressions of religious and cultural ideals.
Journey through some of the best-known styles and voices of Japanese poetry. You'll start with the oldest surviving Japanese poems and follow the development of tanka, the classical five-line form, and renga, a single poem written by multiple poets. We conclude with the master poet Bash? Katsushika Hokusai, the renowned Japanese artist, is the perfect entryway into the history of both Japanese wood-block prints and late Tokugawa society.
Among the topics covered are ukiyo-e "floating world" pictures; Hokusai's iconic masterpiece, The Great Wave off Kanagawa; his encyclopedic collection of manga "sketches" ; and more. Investigate the Meiji Restoration: the start of the third major period of Japanese globalization, defined by a vibrant synthesis of tradition and modernity.
From the abolition of the samurai class to the creation of a new educational system to the restructuring of land ownership, how did Japan achieve revolutionary change through a smooth political transition? Take a fresh approach to the story of early 20th-century Japan. Rather than a review of major events, focus instead on the ideologies of three individuals whose competing views shaped Japan's actions on the eve of World War II: Nitobe Inazo and Shidehara Kijuro, both proponents of democracy and international cooperation; and Ishiwara Kanji, a die-hard militarist.
A political culture dominated by fanatics. The quagmire of the Sino-Japanese War. The takeover of Manchuria and the puppet government of Manchukuo. Japan's surprising failure in attacking Pearl Harbor. Learn about all these and more in this lecture on the disorganized chaos and legacy of World War II-era Japan.
You can't truly grasp a country's culture without understanding its ideas about the family. Explore the three main models of Japanese family life: the aristocratic model uji , the samurai model ie , and the postwar model. Along the way, learn about shifting attitudes toward domestic life, including women's rights and family planning. There's so much more to Japanese cuisine than just sushi.
Move beyond the basics and plunge into the enormous diversity and complexity of Japan's culture of food. How do foods like soba noodles, tempura, and yakitori and the rituals of eating them reflect the waves of globalization and isolation you've explored in previous lectures?
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Meet Japan's greatest filmmakers: Ozu Yasujir? How do their best films reflect lasting connections to world cinema? Revisit Ozu's masterpiece Tokyo Story inspired by an American domestic drama and Kurosawa's rousing adventure Yojimbo which fused samurai culture with the American Western. What makes the turning point for contemporary Japan? Explore four pivotal moments from that year whose repercussions are still being felt in the Japan of the 21st century: the death of Hirohito, China's Tiananmen Square Massacre, the bursting of the Japanese real estate bubble, and a dramatic stock market crash.
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What Does Each Format Include? Standard carrier data rates may apply in areas that do not have wifi connections pursuant to your carrier contract. About Your Professor Mark J. Mark J. Ravina is Professor of History at Emory University, where he has taught since He received his A. He has also received research grants Understanding Japan: A Cultural History is rated 4. Rated 5 out of 5 by Lexyjazz from Informative Course Excellent lecture series. Highly recommended for anyone interested in Japanese culture.
She earned a Ph. This book is based on her Ph. Zhang states the following as her main questions: on the introduction of Haruki Murakami as translated literature into Taiwan, what were the motives, strategies, and standards of the translators? How did publishing companies regard Haruki Murakami? According to Zhang, from to the s, Japan-related matters were prohibited from the pages of any publication.
Generally speaking, Zhang argues that the Taiwanese people were more fond of the United States than Japan because of the U. American literary works that were translated in Taiwan had increased from twenty books to sixty books during the same period, which reveals a threefold increase. Interestingly, these translations of American literature into Chinese right after war were done mainly through already available Japanese translations. Zhang speculates the paucity of Chinese translations of Japanese literary works during the s to be due to the fact that Taiwan still had a large number of people who could read Japanese.
From these points, we can see how the publishing company aimed to draw readers and market the book in a way to boost sales. However, this blossoming period of Murakami translation ended with the revision of the Taiwan copyright law in Reading Time Publishing Company received the copyright permission from Murakami, and published retranslations of the other works that had been published by the other companies. As a result, the publication of Murakami translations became a lucrative venture for Reading Time Publishing Company.
Zhang also mentions that there were key events brought Taiwanese readers closer to Murakami.