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Hubs Raised horizontal bands on the spine made with built-up layers of cardboard under leather. Hubs were very popular more than fifty years ago, but now are only found on very fancy art bound books. Imposition The arrangement of multiple printed pages on a large sheet of paper so that when folded, the pages will fall in numerical order. An eight-page signature imposition will have four pages on each side of the sheet with the heads of the pages meeting in the center.

Jacket see dust jacket Joint see gutter Kraft Coarse tan or gray paper glued to the spine of a book block after sewing to add strength and limit the stretch of the thread, helping the book block spine maintain its curved shape and flexibility. Layout see dummy. Oversewing Sewing sections or groups of pages rather than sewing through all pages at one time to allow more flexibility in the spine Page One side of a sheet of paper.

Perfect binding also called adhesive binding A pamphlet binding process using only adhesive, usually a hot-melt, to secure the pages into a wrap-around cover. Telephone books and paperbacks are typical of Perfect binding.

Quarter-bound Hard bound books cased in paper or buckram, then reinforced with leather down the spine and extending a couple of inches onto the covers. Rounding A process that gives curvature to a book's spine Section see signature. Section sewn also called Smythe sewing Thread is sewn through the folded centers of each section of pages. Section sewn books open easily and lie a bit flatter than side sewn books. Side sewing is very secure, but books sewn in this fashion seldom lie flat when open. Signature often abbreviated sig and also called a section A sheet of paper printed with four or more pages and folded one or more times to the approximate size of one page and in a manner which puts the pages in proper numbered order.

The more common signature impositions are 4, 8, 16, 32, and 64 pages, which are formed by folding the sheet in half one or more times. Less common are 12, 20, 24, and 36 page signatures, which require more complicated folding patterns. From Latin signum , sign. Spine The bound edge of a book where the pages are sewn, glued, or otherwise fastened together.

Spines are usually thin and flexible, allowing the book to be easily opened. Also see rounding and backing. Super An open weave gauze cloth with stiff sizing similar to cheesecloth.


Super is sometimes applied to the spine of sewn or glued book blocks to add strength to the binding, especially on very heavy, thick volumes or books with large pages. Title A page often the first page in a volume that identifies the book title, author, publisher, and city of publication. Volume One individual book. Sometimes used to identify an individual book belonging to a set, such as volume one of four.

In periodical literature, volume refers to all of the issues in a series of time, such as a year or a quarter. When periodicals are consolidated into a hard-bound book, typically all issues of the same volume number are bound together. These are the earliest comparables to our modern day paperbacks, either having no cover at all or a soft cover made of vellum or paper. On the other hand, medieval bookbinders introduced wooden boards as covers, which were often wrapped in leather.

Bookbinders and Paper Conservators in the UK 12222

At first these boards were cut in line with the pages, but after A. Western Survival The earliest surviving western bound book is the St. Cuthbert Gospel, dated circa 8th century A. D, which is currently housed in the British library. It was discovered that a clay-like material lay between the leather and boards, making the raised pattern on the cover.

DIY Kettle Stitch Bookbinding Tutorial - Sea Lemon

As medieval bookbinding developed, clasps were added to some books. Similar cloth ties are seen on books bound in vellum serving the same purpose.

Creative Binding Solutions Limited Ireland

As vellum is sensitive to humidity and has a tendency to warp, the cloth ties kept the books closed while shelved. A Book or a Belt? Nowadays we all carry knowledge with us in our tiny smartphones, but back in Medieval times they had to carry it around in books. These books were bound with leather that extended loosely far past the book itself in order to be attached to a belt or girdle. This allowed for the more literate population to take books mainly religious texts with them on the go.


As time went on, books became more elaborately decorated. The arrival of paper and movable type in Europe allowed books to be be printed in larger numbers than ever before and demanded some automation to the binding process. The Birth of Mechanical Print Modern codex arose after a huge growth in demand for books during the 19th century. Supervision and guidance is on hand and sessions are tailored to fit your requirements.

Sessions are held monthly at weekends: please see the website for dates. Ideally suited to beginners or those with little experience, participants will learn how to make a particular book structure that they will be able to reproduce at home without specialist equipment. All dates are by mutual agreement with participants. More information is available at bookconservationservices. Information about workshop: leif.

Part-Time Courses. Bookbinding Part-Time Courses Please inform the website editor of any inaccuracies or omissions. If you have never tried bookbinding or wish to improve your skills, do come and join us. Just bring along one of your own books which is in need of repair or, if you wish, you can start by making a notebook. All levels are catered for as we all work on our own individual projects.

All levels of experience are catered for and the emphasis is on traditional craftsmanship and quality. Structured week-long courses in most aspects of bookbinding and book arts. Full-Time Courses. Bookbinding Full-Time Courses Please inform the website editor of any inaccuracies or omissions.

Duration: 1 year Tutor: David Dorning t: e: diplomas westdean. Members' Login.