Captain Fairfield spotted three VCs approaching from the rear of the helicopter firing at Poulson and Phelps. He opened fire with his M and killed the VCs. Sergeant Allen, in spite of his wounds, grabbed an M and opened fire on the VCs approaching from the left side of the helicopter. While dragging a wounded American, Fairfield and Phelps fired their pistols to the VC, now within several feet of the aircraft.
With three wounded Americans onboard, and the fourth clearly dead, Pless decided it was time to depart and take the wounded men to a medical facility. With the VC still firing at him with automatic weapons, he had to depart over water. Grossly overloaded, he bounced off the waves four times before gaining enough speed and building his rotor rpm up. For his actions that day, Captain Stephen W. Pless was awarded the Medal of Honor. He was the only Marine helicopter pilot to receive the Medal of Honor in Vietnam, and the first of two naval helicopter pilots to do so.
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Captain Rupert E. Fairfield, Gunnery Sergeant Leroy N. Poulson, and Lance Corporal John G. Phelps were awarded the Navy Cross. Captain Pless and his crew represent the highest decorated helicopter crew in the Vietnam War. Staff Sergeant Lawrence H. Allen was awarded the Silver Star. September 1, HC-1 retained the plane guard mission. HC-3 assumed the vertical replenishment mission. The story of a rescue by HC-7 Detachment in a dark summer night in is a stellar example. Schirra, Donn F. Eisele, and R. Walter Cunningham about miles south of Bermuda and delivered them safely to the ship. It was the end of an day mission in space and the first manned flight of the Apollo program.
Deliveries to HT-8 began in October May 1, The new attack helicopter was armed with guided anti armor missiles, unguided rockets, millimeter cannons or 7. As an interim measure, the U. Army had transfered 38 AH-1Gs to the Marines in Through the s, various models of the AH-1 were produced, featuring improved armament and more powerful engines.
AH-1 development and deployment continues to the present, the most recently acquired model being the AH-1Z Viper, which is expected to continue in service until June 19, Two aviators had ejected twenty miles inside enemy territory after their F-4J aircraft was hit by a surface-to-air missile. After locating the survivors in a heavily wooded area, Lassen set his UH-2A down on a rice paddy while urging the two survivors to come out of the thick vegetation. The UH-2A began to take small arms fire.
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Before the air crewmen could begin the hoisting operation the flares went out and the world went pitch black. The helicopter hit a tree and started to spin right. Lassen regained control and waved off. The UH-2A had lost a door but was still flyable. Lassen determined that the survivors would have to make their way to the clearing if they had any hope of being rescued.
As Lassen approached the clearing for a second landing, small arms fire erupted along the perimeter. The survivors were too far away and Lassen aborted the approach. During the third approach the last of the illumination flares went out. Lassen decided to turn the landing light on and expose the aircraft to enemy gunners rather than to abandon the survivors.
For two minutes he hovered, with the landing gear just touching the mud, while Dallas and West blasted away at the tree line nearby. Burns emerged from the dark and were yanked inside the helicopter. With the aircraft vibrating abnormally, a malfunctioning compass, and a low fuel state, Lassen headed for the coast while dodging antiaircraft fire.
He landed the crippled helicopter aboard the closest ship available, USS Jouett DLG , with pounds of fuel, five minutes of flight time, left in the tanks. Lassen was awarded the Medal of Honor. He was the second helicopter pilot to receive the MoH in U. Navy history, and the only one during the Vietnam War.
The aircraft, specifically developed for counterinsurgency warfare, was immediately employed for forward aircontrol, visual reconnaissance and helicopter escort. December 27, — Helicopters of HS-4 hovered over Apollo 8 after it ended its historic flight around the moon with a predawn splashdown in the Pacific within 3 miles of Yorktown. At first light, astronauts Frank Borman, James A. Lovell, and William A. Anders were picked up by helicopters and carried to the ship. January 27, CHDs began to arrive in Vietnam later that year.
March 13, —Apollo 9 Astronauts James A. Schweickart were recovered by a helicopter from HS-3 off Guadalcanal after completing a day orbit of the earth. Naval Aviation performed emergency assistance and Helicopter Training Squadron Eight HT-8 received a letter from the President praising it for services rendered during the disaster.
The country had no sooner ended its long military involvement in Vietnam than it faced a growing crisis in the Middle East, a crisis that reached hostile proportions late in when Iranian hoodlums captured the United States embassy in their capital city. Navy to keep sea lanes open and commerce moving unhampered. To meet this responsibility, Naval air relied on established weapons and material and introduced new ones. The Walleye, a television-guided glide bomb designed to home automatically on target, was tested successfully in combat.
Helicopters flexed their muscle in a combat role and served also as aerial tanks and flying freight trains. Land-based patrol aircraft, in Operation Market Time, scoured the coastline of South Vietnam to search out enemy infiltrating vessels and locate surface forces for interception. An uneasy truce finally resulted in the United States disengaging itself from Vietnam in Two years later, Naval aviation was called upon to assist in the evacuation of refugees fleeing the North Vietnamese takeover of South Vietnam.
In , Naval air power helped rescue thousands of Indochinese who took to the high seas in poor vessels to escape mounting tyranny in their homelands. Against the unrelenting need for vigilance was pitted a declining material inventory and difficulty in retaining experienced personnel. As the surplus of equipment left over from Vietnam eroded through constant use, money for replenishment was not abundant.
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Nevertheless, Naval aviation continued to make headway in the areas of research and development. The submarine threat was confronted by the addition to the fleet of the light airborne multipurpose system LAMPS which combined shipboard electronics with the SH-2D helicopter. Airframes were not the only items which saw advance. The fields of electronics, missiles, and crew systems also benefitted from improvements.
Finally it should be mentioned that during the seventies two nuclear supercarriers, Nimitz and Eisenhower were commissioned; a third, Carl Vinson was launched. As Naval aviation began its eighth decade, there was no serious reason to doubt that its good record of achievement would endure.
Aircraft, integrated with the fleet, would continue to provide the United States with the strongest naval power on earth. The helicopter was piloted by Lieutenant Commander James E. May 9, —Approximately 30 U. This followed the initial series of strikes by combined U. June 9, —Sikorsky pilot James R. The following day they established a New York to Boston record for helicopters of October 29, —Following the ravages of Typhoon Kate and flood waters that inundated some square miles of Vietnam south of Da Nang, the helicopter forces of 1st Marine Aircraft Wing performed rescue and relief operations for over 9, South Vietnamese.
Initial rescue operations began when MAG evacuated some people the first day during floods termed the worst since March 16, This was the first minesweeping squadron in the U. They were redesignated RHAs and assigned to the newly established squadron. He said that fleet readiness was to be improved by the almost continuous presence of a helicopter carrier, and by a substantial increase in the hours flown by maritime air patrols and the ship-operating days of sea patrols.
This followed an earlier announcement by the Pentagon on 24 May that the Sixth Fleet would be strengthened in response to the growing Soviet naval power. July 28, —HC-7 was awarded the Presidential Unit Citation, the second Navy helicopter squadron to receive the citation for duty in Vietnam. The other helo squadron to win the award was HA L During the early stages of the conflict, the squadron had made several overland rescues in NVN under intense enemy fire.
October 5, From 2 to 7 November, the squadron participated in the first integration of airborne minesweeping operations into an amphibious assault exercise. The operations were conducted from Coronado. October 29, The squadron operated the SH-3H helicopters to provide protection to convoys or ships not operating with or within the protective range of aircraft carriers. November 2, Naval vertical flight community; to promote the use of vertical lift aircraft in the U. Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard; and to keep members informed of new developments and accomplishments in rotary wing aviation.
December 8, —Amphibious Group Alpha, formed around Tripoli, was directed to move from Okinawa to the vicinity of Singapore in anticipation of a possible Indian Ocean deployment. During their flights in , HAL-3 expended 16,, rounds of 7. HAL-3 lost six aircraft during This was the first training wing established under the reorganization of the Naval Air Training Command.
The wing was established to coordinate and supervise training activities that previously had been the responsibility of each station and squadron. January 18, —Guam began the first in a series of tests to analyze the sea control ship concept SCS. The mission functions were to provide protection of underway replenishment groups, mercantile convoys, amphibious assault forces and task groups with no aircraft carrier in company.
The 19 January action occurred during a protective reaction strike in response to earlier AAA and SAM firings from the area which had menaced an RA-5C reconnaissance plane and its escorts. March 1, HT-8 retained the primary helicopter training mission, flying the TH A. HT became the advance training squadron, flying the TH-1L. The Naval Air Training Command was reorganized late in Navy helicopter training remains at Whiting Field to this day.
HAL-3 provided valuable gunship support for Navy and Army riverine operations in the Mekong Delta from to their disestablishment. During this time HAL-3 pioneered various tactics in support of patrol boats and shore installations. April 27, —HC-1, aboard the Ticonderoga, recovered the Apollo 16 spacecraft after it had splashed down in the south Pacific.
Early that morning, an EC aircraft took off from Danang airfield to provide support for the mining operation. A short time later, Kitty Hawk launched 17 ordnance-delivering sorties against the Nam Dinh railroad siding as a diversionary air tactic. Poor weather, however, forced the planes to divert to secondary targets at Thanh and Phu Qui which were struck at H and H, Vietnam time, respectively.
Each aircraft carried four MK mines. The first mine was dropped at H and the last of the field of 36 mines at H. Twelve mines were placed in the inner segment and the remaining 24 in the outer segment. It was the beginning of a mining campaign that planted over 11, MK 36 type destructor and special MK mines over the next eight months. On this first day of Linebacker I, the Navy shifted its attacks from targets in southern NVN to the coastal region embracing Haiphong north to the Chinese border. In all, attack sorties were flown in this region this day, although another 62 were directed into SVN in continuing support of allied forces there.
It was the most intensified air-to-air combat day of the entire war. Navy flyers shot down eight MiGs. Tactical air operations were most intense during the July-September quarter with 12, naval sorties flown. Most attack sorties in NVN fell into two classes—armed reconnaissance and strike. The former was usually directed against targets of opportunity with three main areas proscribed—near Hanoi, Haiphong and the Chinese border. Strike operations were preplanned and usually directed at fixed targets. Most types of fixed targets, not associated with armed reconnaissance, required approval by the Commander-in-Chief, Pacific, or by the Joint Chiefs of Staff, prior to attack.
Besides the extensive rescue and evacuation work conducted by these squadrons they were also involved in transporting medical supplies and personnel, equipment, food and clothing to the flood victims. This training would be completed at one specific training base where the pilots would finish their instruction before receiving their wings. The helicopter, modified to carry a single missile mounted on a rail launcher, fired four missiles during the course of the demonstration. July 22, —Tripoli arrived in Subic Bay with HMM on board to provide relief support after record rains caused disastrous flooding in the central Luzon valley between Manila and Lingayen Gulf.
Tens of thousands of people were affected and additional ships were tasked for Philippine flood relief operations. The Navy relied primarily on the A-7 and A-6 for its night sorties. About 45 percent of the Navy armed reconnaissance effort was at night during June and July. The A-7 flew about as many night sorties as it did day sorties.
The A-6 flew more night than day armed reconnaissance sorties during the summer months. The total number of Navy night sorties during June and July were 1, and 1, respectively. Three to four carriers were maintained on Yankee Station during the summer months.
August 5, —New Orleans relieved Tripoli in Philippine flood relief operations. HMM transferred to the New Orleans to continue support due to their knowledge of terrain and problems inherent in the flood relief operations. The pilot of an A-7 aircraft from Saratoga had been downed by a surface-to-air missile about 20 miles inland, northwest of Vinh, on 6 August. Big Mother, the name HC-7 and its helicopters were referred to, flew inland over mountainous terrain to rescue the pilot.
The rescue helicopter used its search light to assist in locating the downed pilot and, despite receiving heavy ground fire, was successful in retrieving the pilot and returning to an LPD off coast of NVN. This was the deepest penetration of a rescue helicopter into NVN since HC-7 Det continued its rescue efforts and by the end of it had successfully conducted forty-eight rescues during the year, thirty-fiveof those under combat conditions.
In addition HMA helicopters served as airspotters for naval gunfire and as airborne tactical controllers for fixed-wing aircraft attacking lucrative targets.
Radford, USN Ret. All funds for the building of the first phase of the museum were contributed by private individuals and organizations. The museum was designed to be built in three phases. The first phase consisted of 65, sq. It had been housed in a temporary building until enough money had been accumulated to build the first phase of the new museum building. This was the fifteenth pilot rescued by HC-1 detachments while they were operating aboard a carrier on Yankee Station during During HC-1 rescued a total of 36 people.
December 17, —During the period 23 October through 17 December there was a U. No MiG kills or U. Three to four carriers were maintained on Yankee Station during the bombing halt. December 18, —Linebacker II Operations were initiated on 18 December when negotiations in the Paris peace talks stalemated. These operations involved the resumed bombing of NVN above the 20th parallel and was an intensified version of Linebacker I.
The reseeding of the mine fields was resumed and concentrated strikes were carried out against surface-to-air missile and anti-aircraft artillery sites, enemy army barracks, petroleum storage areas, Haiphong Naval and shipyard areas, and railroad and truck stations. Navy tactical air attack sorties under Linebacker II were centered in the coastal areas around Hanoi and Haiphong. There were Navy sorties in this area during Linebacker II. December 19, —HC-1 helicopters, aboard Ticonderoga, recovered the Apollo 17 crew after splashdown. Cernan and Commander R.
Evans and geologist H. Naval aviation squadrons and naval surface units performed all the recovery operations for the 11 Apollo missions. There were 33 astronauts involved in the Apollo program and 22 of those had Navy backgrounds. December 23, —An example of attack squadron action during the year is portrayed by the following partial roundup of operations by VA which ended its seventh line period this date. Flying combat with CVW-5 off Midway during portions of every month since April, the squadron recorded a total of days on the line, engaged in 5, Other actions, for example, included mining operations and protective flights for four search and rescue SAR missions, including one at night inside NVN, and one for two Air Force officers downed off the coast.
Carrier strikes from TF and tactical aircraft from Thailand supplemented the raids, mainly to suppress missile sites and confuse the NVN air defense systems. Heavy attacks were resumed on 26 December, with B raids, the next highest sortie count. Targets, as before, were powerhouses, railroads, missile assembly points, command and control stations, fuel reserves, airfields and railroad marshalling yards. By the end of the 27th, intercepted enemy messages indicated NVN was losing its missile potential as new missiles could not be moved from assembly points to the launchers.
December 29, —Heavy raids around Hanoi, which had been resumed the day after the Christmas bombing halt, were eased as NVN showed indications of returning to the conference table. The over sorties by Bs during the 11 heavy-bombing days were believed accountable for the eventual resumption of negotiations which led to the peace agreement and the release of American POWs. On 28 and 29 December, during a total of raids, no Bs were lost to NVN air defenses, indicating the virtual paralysis of the system.
Only two percent—15 Bs were lost from over raids during the whole day, heavy bombing period. December 30, —The U. The bombing halt was called when North Vietnam returned to the negotiating table to continue the Paris peace talks. December 31, —During the Navy conducted There were 23, tactical air attack sorties flown and , general purpose bombs delivered by Navy fixed-wing aircraft, with the Marine Corps fixed-wing aircraft delivering , general purpose bombs in SVN during In NVN the Navy conducted more than 60 percent of the tactical air attack sorties flown, for a total of 28, In the carriers spent a total of 1, on-line days at Yankee Station, with an average on-line period of slightly more than 25 days for each carrier.
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January 1, —A major reorganization in naval reserve affairs got under way as a result of the announcement two days earlier by the Secretary of the Navy that the Naval Surface and Air Reserve Commands would be consolidated into a single command located in New Orleans. During the long American involvement in the conflict to 27 January , the Navy lost 13 helicopters to hostile fire. During that same period, the Marine Corps lost helicopters to enemy action. The U. Navy continued flying combat missions over Laos and Cambodia until the following August.
The Vietnam cease-fire, announced four days earlier, came into effect and the carriers Oriskany, America, Enterprise and Ranger, on Yankee Station, cancelled all combat sorties into North and South Vietnam. During the Vietnam conflict, which dates U. The Marine Corps lost fixed-wing aircraft and helicopters to enemy action during the same period.
Operation Homecoming, the repatriation of U. Naval Aviation personnel accounted for of the Navy personnel. January 27, Task Force 78 was formed to conduct minesweeping operations in North Vietnamese waters under the code name Operation Endsweep. The latter was made up of HM, HMH and HMM, organized into units Alpha through Delta, an airborne mine countermeasures planning element, command and control element, an aircraft element and a material element.
February 1, —The U. The change was made to reduce fleet staffs and achieve economies while retaining control of operational units, including some ships and 60, men serving a million-squaremile area from the West Coast to beyond Midway Island. February 3, —Task Force 78 flagship, New Orleans with escort ships, began a six day mine countermeasures exercise in Subic Bay in preparation for scheduled Endsweep operations in NVN.
February 6, —Surface minesweepers of Task Force 78 began preliminary sweeping to prepare an anchorage in deep water off the approaches to Haiphong Harbor. Ships of the force included New Orleans and Inchon. The ocean anchorage would be used by command and supply ships of the U. Navy in on-scene support of minesweeping of NVN harbors, coastal and inland waterways. During the operation Task Force 78 ships were joined by Tripoli.
February 11, —Aircraft from the carriers Constellation and Oriskany operating on Yankee Station, the location of which was changed to a position off the coast of the northern part of South Vietnam, flew strikes against targets in southern Laos. Combat sorties from carriers on Yankee Station against targets in Laos had continued since the cease-fire in Vietnam.
February 14,—The Pentagon announced a step-up of U. Aircraft from Oriskany and Enterprise flew about of these sorties into Laos on this date.
February 25, —Planes from Ranger and Oriskany flew combat support missions over Cambodia. The combat support sorties were flown in support of the government of Cambodia at its request. February 27, —Airborne mine countermeasures began off Haiphong during Operation Endsweep.
March 4, The withdrawal of U. Minesweeping operations continued in and around Haiphong and the harbor was reopened after being closed for ten months because of the U. In addition, the carrier America was ordered to depart the Far East for the U. This was the initial move in reducing the number of carriers serving in South East Asia from six to three by mid-June March 29, —The remaining U.
This brought a total of POWs released, and of that total, of them were U. March , —Forrestal led two other Sixth Fleet ships into Tunisian waters where Sea King helicopters from the carrier evacuated some persons and airlifted four tons of relief supplies to flood victims in Tunisia. April 1, —Two new air wings were established as the final phase of the reorganization of the AirLant community, completing the functional wing concept: Air Antisubmarine Wing One with VSs 22, 24, 27, 30, 31 and 32 and Helicopter Antisubmarine Wing One with HSs 1, 3, 5, 7 and May 18, —A four-day trial of a prototype glide slope indicator was completed aboard Truxtun.
The indicator, developed by the Naval Air Engineering Center, consisted of a hydraulically stabilized Fresnel lens. May 25, —The first production RHD Sea Stallion, especially configured for the airborne mine countermeasures mission, arrived at the Naval Air Test Center for weapons system trials. Navy preliminary evaluation and the initial phase of the Board of Inspection and Survey trials had begun at Sikorsky Aircraft Division on 15 May.
The crew boarded the workshop, made repairs, conducted medical experiments and studied solar astronomy and earth resources for 28 days before returning to earth on 22 June. July 27, —Operation Endsweep was officially closed and Task Force 78 was disbanded. During the six months of its existence, the airborne element had made 3, sweeping runs totaling 1, The aviation material casualties were three helicopters lost in operational accidents. Mine Logistics Carrier Station operations in the Gulf of Tonkin were conducted by Enterprise, Oriskany, Ranger, and Coral Sea at various periods and their respective aircraft flew support sorties for Operation Endsweep.
July 31, August 15, —After intensive bombing for more than six months, the U. Aircraft from the carriers Ranger and Oriskany had conducted combat sorties in Cambodia during February. After March , carriers on Yankee Station conducted carrier air patrols, electronic intelligence patrols, surface, subsurface, surveillance coordinator patrols, training, tanker, communications relay and reconnaissance sorties.
August 29, Thirty units were produced for the Navy. The graphite-epoxy composite promises to save 40 percent of the weight of metal counterparts in various aeronautical applications. The test wing was designed and fabricated by the Naval Air Development Center. September 7, —The Navy announced that the Blue Angels flight demonstration team planned to switch to the slower, smaller and less expensive A-4F Skyhawks rather than continue to use the F-4J Phantoms they had been flying since September 25, —The three astronauts of Skylab III made a successful splashdown in the Pacific, ending a record day, million-mile flight.
October 5, —Midway with embarked CVW-5 put into Yokosuka, Japan, marking the first home-porting of a complete carrier task group in a Japanese port as a result of the accord arrived at on 31 August , between the U. In addition to the morale factor of dependents housed at a foreign port, the development had strategic significance because it facilitated continuous positioning of three carriers in the Far East at a time when the economic situation demanded the reduction of carriers in the fleet.
October , —Task Force Kennedy, in the Atlantic, was directed to a holding area off Gibraltar. October 9, —The Pentagon announced that Guadalcanal, an amphibious assault ship with U. Marines aboard, was operating in the eastern Mediterranean Sea as part of the Sixth Fleet. Other elements of the fleet were moving toward Crete, including the carriers Independence and Franklin D. Roosevelt, on alert as a result of the Yom Kippur war between Arab and Israeli forces. October , —Some 50 A-4 aircraft were flown from the U.
Roosevelt which was located south of Sicily. When necessary, the Kennedy, off Gibraltar and Independence, off Crete, also provided assistance. On the 24th, Iwo Jima entered the Mediterranean with reinforcing Marines. October 27, —Due to the situation in the Middle East, the U. Possible unilateral intervention by the Soviet Union was feared.
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By 28 October, three U. Gibson, civilian, was launched at the Kennedy Space Center. December 7, —The Tarawa, first of a new class of amphibious assault ships, was launched at Pascagoula, Mississippi. December 17, —Iwo Jima departed Tunisia after three days of flood relief assistance by her helicopters which conducted refugee rescue, equipment deliveries and other flood associated missions. December 20, —Two women physicians, Lieutenants Jane 0. McWilliams and Victoria M. Voge, graduated from the Naval Flight Surgeon Training Program, to become the first women naval flight surgeons.
Thereby, the basic organization arrangements involved in relocation of the Naval Air Engineering Center from League Island, Philadelphia to NAS Lakehurst were completed although the physical transfer would be phased over much of The relocation was part of the Shore Establishment Realignment announced by the Secretary of Defense in March of Thus, an affiliation between Naval Aviation and the League Island site at Philadelphia, which began with the establishment of the Naval Aircraft Factory in , was terminated except for a few residual aviation oriented functions.
February 4, —TF-9J Cougars, made their final flights. These last flights were made with VT-4 students aboard the John F. February 5, —The Naval Aerospace Institute at Pensacola, Florida announced that the re-patriated Navy and Marine Corps prisoners-of-war from Vietnam were scheduled to come to Pensacola for periodic checks of their physical and mental status.
They were recovered by HC-1 which flew them aboard New Orleans. This event marked the thirty-second astronaut retrieval by Naval Aviators since the space program began in VS accepted the first aircraft. March 15, —The Intrepid was decommissioned and placed in the reserve fleet after thirty years of service to the Navy.
During World War Il her air groups shot down enemy planes, destroyed more on the ground and damaged others. March 22, —Rear Admiral Brian McCauley arrived in Cairo, Egypt with a small military planning staff to help plan the clearing of the Suez Canal of unexploded ordnance. She was decommissioned 27 June This office was created in response to the need for a thoroughly coordinated Navy technical program addressing this problem.
The National Aeronautics Association sanctioned the record. Other ships were involved, and the Forrestal provided cover for the operation. The entire flight train—balloon, an pound instrument package, and a parachute—lifted to an altitude of , feet. As the balloon rose to float altitude it assumed a fully inflated form of feet in diameter with a volume of VQ-4 was the squadron receiving. It carried an external load of This was the heaviest gross weight ever flown—and the heaviest payload ever lifted—by a helicopter in the western world. August 24, —Navy and Marine Corps helicopters completed six days of disaster flood relief work in central Luzon.
Gordon A. September 17, November 19, —The Central Treaty Organization exercise Midlink 74 got underway as the largest naval exercise ever held in the Arabian Sea. Constellation was included in an eight-ship force from the United States. January 21, —Saratoga, along with three other surface vessels, was released from response contingency off Cyprus.
Saratoga had been maintaining a response alert to possibly assist in the evacuation of American citizens from the strife-torn island. February 9, —Enterprise responded to calls for disaster relief from the island nation of Mauritius which was struck on February 6th by Typhoon Cervaise.
Arriving at Port Louis on the 12th, carrier personnel spent more than ten thousand man-hours rendering such assistance as restoring water, power and telephone systems, clearing roads and debris, and providing helicopter, medical, food and potable water support to the stricken area. This commitment resulted, as early as , in the creation of NAS Patuxent River as a facility for testing experimental airplanes, equipment, and material. The unit would support operations in case evacuations of American and other nationals became necessary from areas of the Indochinese peninsula.
Meanwhile, North Vietnamese forces continued their advance southward and were poised to cut off the entire northern quarter of the Republic of Vietnam some miles north of Saigon. Rhoads was a member of the flight crew that made the first Trans-Atlantic flight in May on the NC April 12, —Operation Eagle Pull was activated for Cambodia. Among those evacuated were U. Upon completion of the evacuation, helicopters of HMH, from Hancock, retrieved the elements of the 31st Marine Amphibious Unit which had established the perimeter from which the evacuees had been rescued.
All funds for construction of the 68, square-foot structure had been donated privately. It replaced the small temporary museum set up in Among the 72 vintage aircraft at the museum, a feature attraction was the original NC-4, the first aeroplane to fly the Atlantic Ocean. Plans, and an on-going drive for privately donated funds, called for continued expansion of the new museum through three more stages to reach eventually , square feet of floor space.
April 29, Naval and Marine Corps helicopters from the Seventh Fleet. Frequent Wind involved the evacuation of American citizens from the capital of South Vietnam under heavy attack from the invading forces of North Vietnam. The military situation around Saigon and its Tan Son Nhut airport made evacuation by helicopter the only way out.
President Ford ordered the evacuation when Viet Cong shelling forced the suspension of normal transport aircraft use at Tan Son Nhut. With fighter cover provided by carrier aircraft, the helicopters landed on Saigon rooftops and at Tan Son Nhut to evacuate the Americans. The airport became the main helicopter landing zone; it was defended by Marines from the 9th Amphibious Brigade flown in for that purpose.
All but a handful of the Americans in Saigon were evacuated. At the same time, carrier personnel assisted in the recovery and on-loading from the Utapao Airport over 95 South Vietnamese Air Force craft, including F-5 fighters and A light bombers, which had been flown into Utapao when South Vietnam fell to the Communists.
The aircraft were transported to Guam. The program was initiated because of the acute shortage of flight surgeons. The AMOs were not scheduled to undergo flight training nor be assigned duty involving flying; instead, they were to augment the efforts of flight surgeons where aeromedical workloads were heavy, performing flight physicals and providing routine medical care.
Protective air strikes were flown from the carrier against Cambodian mainland naval and air installations as USAF helicopters with Marines from Battalion Landing Teams 2 and 9 were launched from Utapao, Thailand, to rescue the crew and secure the merchantman. Eighteen Marines, Airmen and Navy Corpsmen were lost in action. Alerted for response, but not utilized before the release of the commandeered ship and crew on the 14th, were Hancock operating as an LPH platform, and Okinawa. July 1, —All U. The announcement indicated that air-to-ground weapons training at Culebra Cays would continue for a limited time only because of previously scheduled training activities.
This change was made to improve the accuracy of designations in modern warfare. By removing the letter A, which stood for attack, the new designation CV could serve a multipurpose air, surface, and ASW role, depending on the type of aircraft carried. Brand, Thomas P. Stafford, and Donald K.
Slayton after their splashdown in the Pacific Ocean. This recovery marked the end of the Apollo-Soyuz mission, and the end of the Apollo program. It was also the final at-sea recovery in the U. Between and , thirty-five spacecraft and astronaut recovery missions were completed by Navy and Marine helicopters. July 28, —The U. Just ask for the parent item. For many years Bell Helicopter maintained its own motion picture division for creating recordings for promotional and engineering purposes. These recordings are primarily 16mm film, though there is also a large number of video cassettes in VHS and Beta formats.
Many of the 16mm recordings have multiple parts, such as finished prints, work prints, internegatives, and outtakes. Many of the recordings are exhibiting the initial signs of vinegar syndrome, and a few films have been deformed through decay. In the early days of the company, the helicopter division of Bell Aircraft relied upon the motion picture division of the parent company.
After establishing itself as a separate company that focused solely on the production of rotor wing aircraft, Bell Helicopter created its own motion picture division to fulfil this need. UH1 camoflauged ship, 50' Huey song, "Produced by" end titles, end titles "more power".
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Otis Plant - Dallas - section of film was optically printed in reverse to show disassembly of the drill rig. The collection includes manuscript materials such as corporate memos, correspondence, planning documents, reports, studies, white papers, and spec sheets; photographs of various aircraft, noteworthy public figures, and production facilities in Hurst, TX, Amarillo, TX, Buffalo, NY, and Mirabel, Quebec, Canada; and film recordings for promotional, engineering, and training purposes. Major highlights include the UH-1, or Huey, series of helicopter, the Vietnam War, the V Osprey tiltrotor aircraft, and commercial aircraft including the Bell 47, the first helicopter certified for civilian use; the Bell twin-engine light helicopter; the Bell family, including the JetRanger and LongRanger models; and the Bell TwinRanger.
Access Restrictions: This collection is not restricted. Use Restrictions: All rights to the documents, images, recordings, and other items in the Bell Helicopter Records are retained by the University of North Texas. Materials may be reproduced for general public historical awareness purposes. Physical Access Note: This collection is stored off-site and requires a minimum of 24 hours notice prior to use. Some finding aids are quite large and may take a minute or more to load. This message will dissapear when the page has fully loaded.
Search this Finding Aid search. This sub-series includes recordings created by BAC. These films typically have 3-digit index numbers that are cataloged in series of log books that record film titles and project data when the film was cut, the names of personnel involved, how many times it was remastered, etc.
ATP-FAR 135, airline transport pilot
It includes the oldest recordings in the collection, including the XV-3 experimental tilt rotor aircraft and the Model Presentation and aerials, some trims. Ready for projecting. Checks, wing test, hover, landing, takeoff, controls section. Shows helicopter assembly line. Collins Tilt Rotor, black and white negative, TV turret. Place of origin:Guangdong,China. Warranty:half year.
Plastic Type:ABS. Product Description Stage your own in-air helicopter battles with this Set of 2 Battling Remote Controlled Choppers equipped and ready for a good fight. This Might Movers series introduces kids to the high interest topics of motorcycles, pick-up trucks, stock cars and helicopters with these photo-packed books. Helicopters can fly very fast, they can This video documents the various roles played by Marine Corps helicopters during the Korean War and the evolution of the concept of "vertical envelopment. Protect your iPhone with a one-piece, impact resistant, flexible plastic hard case featuring an extremely slim profile.