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The three keys are context, history, and genre. Each of the keys has a related question.
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Or is there a piece of geography that is relevant to what is being talked about? Or is there an idiom that we do not understanding in the original language? The third key is genre. Genre is simply literary style.
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- Exodus 20:13.
What literary style is the author using to write the particular passage? The reason this is a key question is because the Bible includes almost a dozen different literary styles, or genres. Each literary style has its own unique interpretive principles that bear on how to interpret that particular genre. First, we want to look at the genre. The genres that are being used are gospel, and within this particular gospel, we find the subgenre of parable.
A parable is a fictitious story that is used to illustrate a point. In this particular passage, Jesus has invented a story to illustrate a point. What story is Jesus referring to? What is the author talking about in the surrounding text? Luke is recording here a story that Jesus tells. Before he leaves, he gives his servants some money and tells them to invest it. Nevertheless, he gets appointed king, returns back to his servants, and asks them how they invested his money. The first two servants did well, but the third had not invested his money. The king now gets angry, but in addition, he commands that those servants who petitioned against him to be brought before him and killed.
Notice, it is the king in the fictitious story that is saying to bring people before him and have them be killed. It is not Jesus; rather, he is putting those words in the mouth of a character that was frustrated with servants who had petitioned against him. He points out that many people thought that the kingdom of God was going to appear immediately. So, Jesus uses this parable to illustrate the point that the kingdom of God is going to appear at a later date.
The third key we need to apply to this passage is history. What was the historical occasion? And they entered into a covenant to seek the Lord , the God of their fathers, with all their heart and with all their soul, but that whoever would not seek the Lord , the God of Israel, should be put to death, whether young or old, man or woman. The revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave him to show to his servants the things that must soon take place. He made it known by sending his angel to his servant John, who bore witness to the word of God and to the testimony of Jesus Christ, even to all that he saw.
Blessed is the one who reads aloud the words of this prophecy, and blessed are those who hear, and who keep what is written in it, for the time is near. John to the seven churches that are in Asia: Grace to you and peace from him who is and who was and who is to come, and from the seven spirits who are before his throne, and from Jesus Christ the faithful witness, the firstborn of the dead, and the ruler of kings on earth. To him who loves us and has freed us from our sins by his blood But that whoever would not seek the Lord , the God of Israel, should be put to death, whether young or old, man or woman.
If a man lies with a male as with a woman, both of them have committed an abomination; they shall surely be put to death; their blood is upon them. In their case the god of this world has blinded the minds of the unbelievers, to keep them from seeing the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God. They shall be stoned with stones; their blood shall be upon them. A Psalm of David.
The Lord is my shepherd; I shall not want. He makes me lie down in green pastures. He leads me beside still waters. He restores my soul. He leads me in paths of righteousness for his name's sake. Even though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil, for you are with me; your rod and your staff, they comfort me. You prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies; you anoint my head with oil; my cup overflows. As they heard these things, he proceeded to tell a parable, because he was near to Jerusalem, and because they supposed that the kingdom of God was to appear immediately.
Do not be unequally yoked with unbelievers. For what partnership has righteousness with lawlessness? Or what fellowship has light with darkness? I wrote to you in my letter not to associate with sexually immoral people— not at all meaning the sexually immoral of this world, or the greedy and swindlers, or idolaters, since then you would need to go out of the world. But now I am writing to you not to associate with anyone who bears the name of brother if he is guilty of sexual immorality or greed, or is an idolater, reviler, drunkard, or swindler—not even to eat with such a one.
For what have I to do with judging outsiders? Is it not those inside the church whom you are to judge? God judges those outside. But as for the cowardly, the faithless, the detestable, as for murderers, the sexually immoral, sorcerers, idolaters, and all liars, their portion will be in the lake that burns with fire and sulfur, which is the second death. The man who acts presumptuously by not obeying the priest who stands to minister there before the Lord your God, or the judge, that man shall die.
So you shall purge the evil from Israel. And behold, if it be true and certain that such an abomination has been done among you, you shall surely put the inhabitants of that city to the sword, devoting it to destruction, all who are in it and its cattle, with the edge of the sword. You shall gather all its spoil into the midst of its open square and burn the city and all its spoil with fire, as a whole burnt offering to the Lord your God. It shall be a heap forever. It shall not be built again. None of the devoted things shall stick to your hand, that the Lord may turn from the fierceness of his anger and show you mercy and have compassion on you and multiply you, as he swore to your fathers, Keep far from a false charge, and do not kill the innocent and righteous, for I will not acquit the wicked.
Whoever believes in him is not condemned, but whoever does not believe is condemned already, because he has not believed in the name of the only Son of God. For truly, I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away, not an iota, not a dot, will pass from the Law until all is accomplished. But you shall kill him. Your hand shall be first against him to put him to death, and afterward the hand of all the people. You shall stone him to death with stones, because he sought to draw you away from the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery.
Now go and strike Amalek and devote to destruction all that they have. Do not spare them, but kill both man and woman, child and infant, ox and sheep, camel and donkey. What accord has Christ with Belial? Or what portion does a believer share with an unbeliever? What agreement has the temple of God with idols? Therefore go out from their midst, and be separate from them, says the Lord, and touch no unclean thing; then I will welcome you,.
For he sees that even the wise die; the fool and the stupid alike must perish and leave their wealth to others. You do not know where he comes from, and yet he opened my eyes. We know that God does not listen to sinners, but if anyone is a worshiper of God and does his will, God listens to him.
Never since the world began has it been heard that anyone opened the eyes of a man born blind.
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If this man were not from God, he could do nothing. If any woman has a husband who is an unbeliever, and he consents to live with her, she should not divorce him. For the unbelieving husband is made holy because of his wife, and the unbelieving wife is made holy because of her husband. Otherwise your children would be unclean, but as it is, they are holy.
Take care, brothers, lest there be in any of you an evil, unbelieving heart, leading you to fall away from the living God. For behold, the Lord God of hosts is taking away from Jerusalem and from Judah support and supply, all support of bread, and all support of water; the mighty man and the soldier, the judge and the prophet, the diviner and the elder, the captain of fifty and the man of rank, the counselor and the skillful magician and the expert in charms. And I will make boys their princes, and infants shall rule over them. And the people will oppress one another, every one his fellow and every one his neighbor; the youth will be insolent to the elder, and the despised to the honorable.
I told you that you would die in your sins, for unless you believe that I am he you will die in your sins. I have not come to bring peace, but a sword. For God did not send his Son into the world to condemn the world, but in order that the world might be saved through him. For I want you to know how great a struggle I have for you and for those at Laodicea and for all who have not seen me face to face, that their hearts may be encouraged, being knit together in love, to reach all the riches of full assurance of understanding and the knowledge of God's mystery, which is Christ, in whom are hidden all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge.
I say this in order that no one may delude you with plausible arguments.
For though I am absent in body, yet I am with you in spirit, rejoicing to see your good order and the firmness of your faith in Christ. To the choirmaster. Of David. To the rest I say I, not the Lord that if any brother has a wife who is an unbeliever, and she consents to live with him, he should not divorce her. But if the unbelieving partner separates, let it be so. In such cases the brother or sister is not enslaved. God has called you to peace. For how do you know, wife, whether you will save your husband?
Or how do you know, husband, whether you will save your wife? Trust in the Lord with all your heart, and do not lean on your own understanding. In all your ways acknowledge him, and he will make straight your paths. Be not wise in your own eyes; fear the Lord , and turn away from evil.
Everyone who goes on ahead and does not abide in the teaching of Christ, does not have God. Whoever abides in the teaching has both the Father and the Son. If anyone comes to you and does not bring this teaching, do not receive him into your house or give him any greeting, for whoever greets him takes part in his wicked works. For I know the plans I have for you, declares the Lord , plans for welfare and not for evil, to give you a future and a hope.
On the third day Esther put on her royal robes and stood in the inner court of the king's palace, in front of the king's quarters, while the king was sitting on his royal throne inside the throne room opposite the entrance to the palace. And when the king saw Queen Esther standing in the court, she won favor in his sight, and he held out to Esther the golden scepter that was in his hand.
Then Esther approached and touched the tip of the scepter. What is your request? It shall be given you, even to the half of my kingdom. And the devil who had deceived them was thrown into the lake of fire and sulfur where the beast and the false prophet were, and they will be tormented day and night forever and ever.
Now there was a man of the Pharisees named Nicodemus, a ruler of the Jews. Can he enter a second time into his mother's womb and be born? Some of the gods of the peoples who are around you, whether near you or far off from you, from the one end of the earth to the other, you shall not yield to him or listen to him, nor shall your eye pity him, nor shall you spare him, nor shall you conceal him.
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And all Israel shall hear and fear and never again do any such wickedness as this among you. Do not be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewal of your mind, that by testing you may discern what is the will of God, what is good and acceptable and perfect. And the daughter of any priest, if she profanes herself by whoring, profanes her father; she shall be burned with fire. If her father utterly refuses to give her to him, he shall pay money equal to the bride-price for virgins. He has told you, O man, what is good; and what does the Lord require of you but to do justice, and to love kindness, and to walk humbly with your God?
Yes, the Bible Does Say to Kill Infidels
For his invisible attributes, namely, his eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly perceived, ever since the creation of the world, in the things that have been made. So they are without excuse. For although they knew God, they did not honor him as God or give thanks to him, but they became futile in their thinking, and their foolish hearts were darkened. Claiming to be wise, they became fools, and exchanged the glory of the immortal God for images resembling mortal man and birds and animals and creeping things.