Circumstances often dictate that birds are kept in cages, usually manufactured of metal with wire mesh screening. The minimum size of cage to house one bird will depend on the breed of bird. The cage should be positioned in a well lit, sunny area where the birds will have frequent human contact, and in which it will be safe to be released for exercise if possible. A portable cage stand permits the birds to be repositioned for their comfort.
Appropriate perches of varying size must be provided as well as well-secured food and water troughs. The food and water receptacles should not be positioned beneath bird perches and any accidental contamination of the food and water by bird droppings must be removed immediately. Activities: Ladders, bells, ropes, swings, mirrors, and suitable toys provide some stimulation for a caged bird, but avoid over-furnishing as this will crowd the cage and may result in injury.
Protection: At night the cage should be covered over to permit the bird to rest and to protect it from draughts. Should the cage be placed outside the house at any time, it must be in a position that is safe from predators - cats and wild birds — that could scare or directly injure the bird. Birds should not be left in the sun without shade and should be protected from overheating on hot days. Cleaning: A tray on the floor of the cage will collect excreta and should be removed each day and thoroughly cleaned.
The cage itself should be easy to scrub out, while water and food troughs and perches should be easily removable for cleaning purposes.
Handling: It is important to train your bird to be handled, especially to permit examination for signs of ill-health. Begin by letting them become accustomed to being handled in the cage.
Soon they will become finger-tame, and then they may be able to be handled outside the cage. It will require a good deal of patience and gentleness when handling birds, especially canaries. Talking: Some birds that have constant close contact with their owner will learn to talk. These birds can start to talk at about six weeks of age, and if they have not succeeded by six months, they probably never will. Teaching a bird to talk starts by using the same word over and over. Once the bird has learnt one word, new words or complete phrases may be achieved.
Feeding: The caged bird's basic diet should consist of the specially prepared seed mixtures.
This diet should be supplemented with green foods and fruit. Cuttlefish bone should be available in every cage to provide many trace minerals required by birds. All rights reserved.
Clean, fresh water must always be available. Due to their small bodies and high metabolic rate, a canary will die within hours without it. Health : Canaries are extremely sensitive to trace gases and other such toxins, so be careful to not use air fresheners, rug deodorizers, perfumes, and other such volatiles in their presence. For this reason, the kitchen is not a good place to keep them; fumes or smoke from cooking foods could make them ill. Every bird-owning household should beware of Teflon cookware as this emits gases that are highly toxic to birds if overheated.
Moulting should occur once a year, just after midsummer. A moult at any other time of the year is usually caused by the presence of a warm or cold draft from which the bird has no shelter.
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It can also be associated with shock or illness. A pet canary will usually live an average of 10 years or so, given good care. Noise: Some of the type canaries can sing loud, rather shrill songs, but they are the exception to the rule. In general, the canary is one of the sweetest-voiced birds on the planet.
Song canaries are trained to sing in harmony with others of their kind, and their owners compete vigorously for the prestigious prizes awarded their proteges. You can find quiet-singing canaries Rollers , moderate-singing canaries Waterslagers and American Singers , and loud singers Timbrados, Type, and Colour Canaries.
Canary Birdsong - Singing Canary - video dailymotion
Rarely will canary owners receive complaints about the noise of their birds, which makes them particularly ideal for apartment dwellers. Sleep: Canaries are photosensitive, and therefore should be kept on a cycle similar to that followed by the sun outdoors, unless you live in the tropics or at a pole. Many people cover their bird at sunset, and then remove the covers just before they go to bed, after the lights are out. That way the birds will see a natural sunrise. Sexual Behaviour: As the breeding season approaches, a hen will fly almost ceaselessly.
She will begin to search for nesting material and trot about everywhere with beakfuls of it, looking for the best place to build her nest.
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When she is ready to mate, she will crouch low on the perch, with her head back a little and her tail lifted, and call the male with a soft, incessant twittering. She must be able to grasp the perch firmly, because she is the sole support for the two birds during mating.
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The males will also become restless as the winter ends, and, if they come into full breeding condition early, may harass and chase the hens ceaselessly, stressing her beyond tolerance. Many males will feed their intended bride or, if she is not accessible, the corners of his feet, or any other v-shaped niche in his cage , visually producing the effect that the birds are kissing.
Divided breeding cages take advantage of this by allowing the male to court and feed his hen through the wire, but restricting his ability to chase her. Once the hen has indicated she is ready the divider is removed and breeding season begins in earnest. Breeding: Canaries are photosensitive, and are brought into breeding condition by, among other things, the lengthening days of spring.
They will fight ferociously with any other birds caged with them at this time, unless it is a bird of the opposite sex who is also in good breeding condition. They require soft foods with a good level of protein to feed the babies, who grow to adult size in less than 3 weeks. Weaning to independence is usually accomplished in another three weeks or less. Be warned if you would like to try breeding these small complex little beauties — unlike most of the popular pet bird species, canaries are anything but easy to breed!
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Do your research thoroughly and well before you even think of trying to breed canaries.