Beyond that, we must also be able to better communicate the actual benefits of trade to the wider public. On climate change, we are all aware that the global community needs to act urgently and move forward with the implementation of the Paris Agreement. The unilateral decision by the United States administration to withdraw from the Paris Agreement is therefore a highly regrettable step. We already discussed this issue here in Parliament during the June session.
The agreement remains a cornerstone of global efforts to effectively tackle climate change, and it cannot be renegotiated. I can only further confirm that the Council under the Estonian Presidency will continue in its commitment to ambitious global action against climate change and support the global ownership of the Paris Agreement.
The EU and its Member States are playing their full part in implementing the Agreement, both through the development of our domestic policies and in keeping with our commitment to global solidarity. We will have to minimise the effects of the US decision on the effectiveness and credibility of the climate framework.
The Presidency believes that we should continue our dialogue and engagement with the US. At the same time, we can also be encouraged by strong statements of commitment, as well as pledges by local governments, businesses, cities, communities and other non-state actors in America. These developments underscore the importance of the action agenda as a platform to connect the different non-state actors.
Its importance is expected to grow in the coming years, boosting the political profile and momentum for climate action. My third point is on migration. Dealing with the migration crisis has been at the core of the political debate in the EU, including here in the Parliament, and it is all the more pertinent today in the light of the news from the central Mediterranean and Italy. We naturally tend to focus on the migration crisis in our part of the world, but migration is not a European phenomenon.
Nor is managing it solely a European responsibility. It is rather a global responsibility, requiring collective solutions in full respect for our obligations under international law. In this regard, the G20 is launching the G20 Africa partnership, which should foster sustainable and inclusive economic growth and development. It will contribute to creating decent employment, particularly for women and young people, thus addressing poverty and the root causes of migration. We are also committed to taking an active part in the follow-up to the UN summit on addressing large movements of refugees and migration, held in September last year.
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The EU intends to play a prominent role in the process leading to the establishment in of UN global compacts on migration and refugees. We would ask all G20 members to engage as well. Digitalisation is a key priority for the Estonian Presidency and, therefore, we welcome the inclusion of this topic at the G20 summit.
Information and communications technology is no longer a specific sector. It is the backbone of all modern innovative economic systems. Therefore, we need to breach digital gaps based on, inter alia, age, geography, gender and income. However, technological progress also involves challenges to our security and democracy, which we expect to be reflected by the G These challenges highlight the need to strengthen consumer protection, transparency and security in the use of information and communication technology.
Last but not least, the EU has been at the global forefront of the fight against terrorism financing. Countering terrorism requires holistic action, including improved cooperation and preventing violent extremism conducive to terrorism. It will be an important moment: there will be many new faces around the table, and there are many challenges to address. The agenda is more far-reaching than for previous meetings, showing that this format has the potential to look far beyond its initial economic focus. Examples include our commitment to the Paris Agreement, progress on our progressive, values-based trade agenda, and our engagement with developing countries through the European Fund for Sustainable Development on which the House will vote this week.
In these times of turmoil, it is also the moment to show our unwavering commitment to global multilateral governance and responsible international political dialogue, aimed at delivering in the interest of people all over the world. Let me briefly run you through the main messages that we as the EU want to give. On the economy, we will highlight the positive contribution the EU is making to the global economy. We are getting our mojo back!
On climate and energy, we will reaffirm our strong commitment to the Paris Agreement, clean energy transition and support for the poor and vulnerable in the fight against climate change, and we will maintain cohesion within the G19 despite the US decision to withdraw from the Paris Agreement.
We would, of course, welcome it if the US would reconsider its decision, but let me be very clear: the deal cannot be renegotiated. We will demonstrate that the EU will stand up for free and fair trade and for the multilateral trading system as a whole, and we will showcase the progress we are making on our progressive trade agenda, with the EU-Canada Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement and now the EU-Japan trade deal.
And, because trade should be fair, we are looking for a strong signal from China as to its full cooperation within the Global Forum on Steel Access Capacity. On taxation, we will maintain momentum for the fight against tax evasion and avoidance. Next steps will include defensive measures against non-cooperative tax jurisdictions and increased efforts to promote the availability, and international exchange, of information on beneficial ownership of legal persons and legal arrangements.
On migration: this is a challenge that is going to be with us for quite some time to come — for decades. We must preserve a commitment to a comprehensive global response to tackling irregular migration and forced displacement, including support for the UN Global Compact on refugees and on regular, safe, orderly migration, and we must build support for a strengthened approach to break the business model of migrant smuggling. This is what we must do on the global stage but let me add one thing: it would already make a world of difference in Europe if every single Member State would live up to its commitments to show solidarity with those of our Member States most affected by this challenge.
We cannot leave Italy alone with this. Everybody should play their part.
Barack Obama und Merkel: Globalisierung. Gemeinsam. Gestalten.
We have shown in the past that if we stick together and find solutions that everybody shares we can reach results. Certainly the situation in Greece is not yet where we want it to be. There is still a lot to do, but if you look back at and then look at the situation now, you will see that much has also improved. There is an incredible level of solidarity with refugees and migrants in Greece and in Italy. But the rest of Europe cannot simply count on the solidarity of the people in Greece and Italy, because the people there also have their limits, and we need to show that the rest of Europe understands this and is playing its part in helping to resolve this crisis.
On terrorism, we need agreement on an action plan to advance the fight against terrorism. We will not win the battle against terrorist financing and the spread of radicalisation online if we do not work with our international partners on this. On Africa: we will support close partnership with Africa to foster sustainable growth and job creation.
Just imagine if we do not do this: our refugee problem in the future will then be so much worse than it already is today. The only sustainable solution is growth and more optimism in Africa, so that people understand it is in their interest to stay in Africa and to develop their own countries, instead of going to Europe. Lastly, I welcome the fact that the German G20 Presidency has put strong emphasis on stakeholder involvement. All the groups concerned —business, labour, civil science, the think tanks, women and youth — have been active and have put forward recommendations.
We are in a post-paternalistic society and we can no longer prescribe, from politics or governance, what should be done: we need to include global brain power to make sure that we find the right solutions. That is how globalisation will be shaped in the interest of humanity as a whole, because, at the end of the day, everything we do here in the European Parliament and in the Commission is at the service of citizens, their freedoms and their ability to pursue their hopes and dreams.
Wenn ich mir auch im Vorfeld ansehe, was sich gerade in Hamburg ereignet, meine Damen und Herren, liebe Kolleginnen, liebe Kollegen: Demonstrationen, Ausschreitungen, also alles negative Schlagzeilen, die auch den Gipfel, der jetzt am Wochenende stattfindet, dominieren. Deshalb finde ich es gut, dass der GGipfel stattfindet.
How do we ensure fair globalisation? Globalisation brings a lot of benefits to us but also a lot of challenges to our societies, and the G20 summit in Hamburg is an opportunity for the EU to lead on how to create fairer globalisation in which everyone benefits. Many important topics have been mentioned already by the speakers here on climate change, on sustainable development goals, on the migration crisis and so on, and it is important that we in the European Union take the lead on all these issues. I also want to say that globalisation issues have troubled a lot of countries and citizens alike.
Brave New Europe
Let me be clear and honest: when it comes to globalisation, the free and unregulated market has, to some extent, failed us. It has worked extremely well for multinational corporations and already-wealthy individuals, but for far too many ordinary workers — like the steel workers in France and the UK or the slaughterhouse workers in Denmark and Germany, to take examples — globalisation has also brought unfair competition, negative wage pressure, job insecurity and, in many cases, unemployment. So at the same time as enormous wealth has been created, it has not yet been fairly shared: that is clear.
Real wages for middle-income families have stagnated in many societies, including in various parts of Europe, and in many EU countries real wages have actually shrunk. This is an outrage and we need to do something about it. This is a result of market liberalism run amok, and we need to change course. Showing European leadership on harnessing globalisation means ensuring that European values, principles and standards shape globalisation, and not vice-versa. For the Socialist and Democrats, a key principle is global tax justice.
It was also mentioned by the Commission and I was glad to hear that. We are calling for global tax justice to be a top priority at the G20 summit too. We want the EU to take the lead on concrete new initiatives: we need a global asset register so that taxable assets can be traced and recovered; we need a global register of beneficial ownership so that tax fraud can be revealed; we also need to coordinate efforts to stop, punish and prevent tax havens — and this too was mentioned by the Commission.
I think it is important we take the lead in that fight. We also need to ensure that corporate income tax is fair. This is an opportunity for the EU. Let us take the lead on all of these issues! We look forward to the G20 Summit. These are turbulent times. We face challenges which spread far beyond the borders of the European Union.
Auseinandersetzung mit der Globalisierung 4.0
We face global challenges which connect us all and require a global response. We face a humanitarian crisis, conflict at our doorstep and a barely recovering economy. This is why we need the Summit to be fruitful. Talk is cheap, and our electorate wants to see results. Unfortunately, leader summits have become better known for updating the family photo than for plotting a strategic course for the next twelve months. Leaders need to start looking at what they can realistically achieve at a global level in the next few months, and whilst the EU is willing to take on more and more responsibility on the world stage, the EU cannot start believing that it can solve every crisis by itself.
We do not need an EU which thinks that just one policy can solve the migration crisis, but an EU which works with the UN, NATO, and the G20 to end the funding of terrorism and to punish the barbaric practice of human trafficking. The EU needs to sit at the table and commit to making the EU as global-facing and pro-free trade as possible. The EU needs to champion less regulation and lower taxes, not more red tape and bureaucracy.
We need an EU which lives up to its obligations to protect the environment without stifling business, because it is jobs and growth which draw people out of poverty and prevent unsustainable economic migration. It is jobs and growth which bring countries closer together and gives people more self-confidence and respect.
That is what we need to better connect us as nations and to help us move forward with confidence, unity and renewed vigour in the coming months. The Estonian Presidency is absolutely right in saying that migration management is a global responsibility, and therefore it is to be welcomed that the German Presidency wants to put this firmly on the agenda of the G20, making it a global issue.
At the same time, it is also a European responsibility and, as the Commissioner set out very clearly, Member States are not living up to their responsibility. They are abandoning Italy and they are abandoning Greece. We are the most prosperous continent in the world. If we cannot manage this migration influx, then who can? We have to start assuming our responsibility. I am glad to see that the Commission has taken action: it has put forward a kind of action plan for Italy. But, first of all, the focus is now very much on what NGOs are doing, and I think we should stop the blame game.
Secondly, I wonder why we are not using the legal instruments at our disposal, such as the Temporary Protection Mechanism. We have it: why is it not being used? It can be adopted in the Council by a qualified majority vote. Thirdly, when will we stop using European money to fund dictators and failed regimes? How much more money are we going to send to Libya to let people die in miserable circumstances, not only in the Mediterranean, but also in Legitimation besitzt nur die UNO.
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Bis zu 30 Billionen Dollar werden in Steueroasen gebunkert. Dies ist mit Verlaub eine kranke Entwicklung. Alors, allons-y avec une ambition beaucoup plus forte. I strongly suspect that the EU — and particularly the host nation Germany — is in for an unpleasant surprise. The non-EU countries will be eyeing up how to grab a bigger slice of the lucrative market of exports to the UK from you if the EU pursues its active economic self-harm by trying to exclude the UK from fair access to the single market.
Your huge trade surplus with the UK will crumble and other non-EU G20 nations will be licking their lips at the prospect of trading with, and exporting to, the UK.
Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik
The revitalised, liberalised United Kingdom will be seen as a key trading partner by these nations, and we will see cars made in Detroit, rather than Stuttgart, on British roads. For your own economic wellbeing, I urge the EU negotiators to look into the hungry eyes of your fellow G20 nations and reflect upon the damage your present course will have on your precious project. Thank you. De Raad en de Commissie zijn incompetent. Ze zijn niet eens in staat de grote problemen in de Europese Unie aan te pakken en op te lossen. Nog steeds is de werkloosheid dramatisch, nog steeds staan banken op omvallen.
Nog steeds is de schuldenberg groter dan ooit, nog steeds stromen migranten met duizenden per dag de EU binnen en nog steeds vinden vrijwel elke week aanslagen plaats. De oplossingen voor deze tijd komen van de patriotten. Deze Commissie moet een voorbeeld nemen aan de Visegrad-landen in plaats van ze te veroordelen.
De heer Juncker moet een voorbeeld nemen aan zijn partijgenoot de heer Orban en de grenzen sluiten. Juncker moet Frontex opdracht geven het Australische model toe te passen. U bent een volledig incompetent en onverantwoordelijk bestuurder en ik zeg tegen Juncker en zijn hulpje, de heer Timmermans: stapt op! Laat de patriotten het overnemen.
Mijnheer de voorzitter, ik vraag met aandrang dat deze gratuite beschuldigingen van mijnheer De Graaff uit het verslag geschrapt worden. You did not ask a question of the speaker. Please use the procedures that are foreseen if you want to ask for something to be deleted from the Minutes. You may do so in a personal remark at the end of the debate. Krisztina Morvai NI. I have a question for you, First Vice-President Timmermans. It is a very specific question, and I would like you to give me — as well as Hungarians and a number of other people who are interested — a very specific answer.
Suppose we were to follow your order and receive migrants and refugees in my country, Hungary.
You, as well as every single person in this room, know perfectly well that those people would not want to stay in Hungary because they want a better life. They would like to move on to richer countries like Germany, Austria, Sweden, and so on. Mr Timmermans, how can we hold them back? What is the order, so to say, in this respect? We all know very well that we cannot put these people into a closed institution; they have the right to freedom of movement.
I know we should integrate them. Angesichts der positiven Resonanz wird das Aktienprogramm zu einem festen Bestandteil der Mitarbeiterorientierung weiterentwickelt. Ab den er-Jahren geht Siemens angesichts der fortschreitenden Globalisierung noch einen Schritt weiter und gibt den Grundsatz, die Entwicklung von Produkten immer dort anzusiedeln, wo sich die Firmenzentrale und der Schwerpunkt der Fertigung befinden, auf. Siemens wandelt sich zusehends vom Elektro- zum Elektronikkonzern, die Datentechnik entwickelt sich zum Kerngebiet des Unternehmens.
Im Herbst beginnt Siemens in Perlach ein neues Forschungszentrum aufzubauen. Zwei Jahre nach Baubeginn ziehen rund 4. Der rasche Fortschritt auf dem Gebiet der Mikroelektronik erweitert das Produktportfolio von Siemens. Das System entwickelt sich bald zum weltweit meistverkauften Festnetz-Vermittlungssystem. Angesichts des Zeitdrucks und des volatilen Halbleitermarkts geht Siemens damit nicht nur finanziell ein hohes Risiko ein: Erstmals in der Unternehmensgeschichte werden Forschung, Entwicklung und Fertigung eines Produkts nicht seriell, sondern parallel geplant.