Unread copy in perfect condition. From: Half Price Books Inc. Dallas, TX, U. Paperback or Softback. The Basis of Morality. Seller Inventory BBS Schopenhauer begins with a criticism of Kant's "Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals," which Schopenhauer considered to be the clearest explanation of Kantian ethics. In conclusion, Schopenhauer defines his metaphysics of morals, employing Kant's transcendental idealism to illustrate both the inter-connectedness of being and the affinity of his ethics to Eastern thought.
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We ship daily M-F. Choose expedited shipping if available for much faster delivery. Delivery confirmation on all US orders. Seller Inventory ZZ2. Published by Independently Published, United States This collection of literature attempts to compile many of the classic works that have stood the test of time and offer them at a reduced, affordable price, in an attractive volume so that everyone can enjoy them. Published by Createspace Independent Publishing Platform The Basis of Morality offers Schopenhauer s fullest examination of traditional ethical themes, and it articulates a descriptive form of ethics that contradicts the rationally based prescriptive theories.
Starting with his polemic against Kant s ethics of duty, Schopenhauer anticipates the latter-day critics of moral philosophy. In conclusion, Schopenhauer defines his metaphysics of morals, employing Kant s transcendental idealism to illustrate both the interconnectiveness of being and the affinity of his ethics to Eastern thought. Seller Inventory LIE New Book. Shipped from US within 10 to 14 business days. Established seller since Seller Inventory IQ Item added to your basket View basket.
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0486446530 - The Basis of Morality Dover Philosophical Classics by Arthur Schopenhauer
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Ships same day or next business day! Used books may not include working access code or dust jacket. Seller Inventory U. More information about this seller Contact this seller 3. Published by Dover Publications Inc. About this Item: Dover Publications Inc. Condition: New. Language: English. Brand new Book. Persuasive and humane, this classic of philosophy represents one of the nineteenth century's most significant treatises on ethics. The Basis of Morality offers Schopenhauer's fullest examination of traditional ethical themes, and it articulates a descriptive form of ethics that contradicts the rationally based prescriptive theories.
Starting with his polemic against Kant's ethics of duty, Schopenhauer anticipates the latter-day critics of moral philosophy. Arguing that compassion forms the basis of morality, he outlines a perspective on ethics in which passion and desire correspond to different moral characters, behaviors, and worldviews. In conclusion, Schopenhauer defines his metaphysics of morals, employing Kant's transcendental idealism to illustrate both the interconnectiveness of being and the affinity of his ethics to Eastern thought.
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Arthur Schopenhauer, The Basis of Morality - PhilPapers
Nov 16, MJD rated it it was amazing. Interesting argument against Kant's categorical imperative and other systems of ethics that downplay or even outright dismiss the concept of compassion. What struck me about this little gem, besides it's 19th century quirkiness, is the affinity that the current investigation of justice called, loosely, "capability theory", promoted mainly by Marth We don't hear much about Schopenhauer anymore probably never did, now that I think about it no doubt because he has been so overshadowed by his intellectual descendants, most notably Nietzsche and Marx , but I've been a big fan for years and have read The World as Will and Representation several times.
Jul 24, Jackson Cyril rated it really liked it Shelves: books-i-own , classics , philosophy-religion. Schopenhauer thinks that all human actions can be classified as either based on egoism a desire to satisfy the self , malice a desire to work mischief on another or , what is to him laudable and the only type of action that is truly moral, actions whose origin is the desire to do help others with no care for egoistic satisfaction. Based on this premise, I think Schopenhauer's system of morality is far more humane than is the Categorical Imperative of Kant or even an utilitarian system of mor Schopenhauer thinks that all human actions can be classified as either based on egoism a desire to satisfy the self , malice a desire to work mischief on another or , what is to him laudable and the only type of action that is truly moral, actions whose origin is the desire to do help others with no care for egoistic satisfaction.
Based on this premise, I think Schopenhauer's system of morality is far more humane than is the Categorical Imperative of Kant or even an utilitarian system of morality preached by Hume or Mill. Kant BTFO. Nov 08, Xander rated it it was ok. Philosophers had to write essays to answer the important question: wherein lies the basis of morality?
There was only one contender, his name was Arthur Schopenhauer, and he lost the contest. Well, how is that possible? The Basis of Morality published in is Arthur Schopenhauer's attempt to answer the above mentioned question. Schopenhauer accomplished mainly three goals: 1 offering an intensive critique of Ka In , the Danish Royal Society of Scientific Studies came up with a contest. Schopenhauer accomplished mainly three goals: 1 offering an intensive critique of Kant's system of morals or Practical Reason, as Kant would say ; 2 scolding and cussing at the then-current Hegelians, who - according to Schopenhauer - disfigured Kant's philosophy and turned it into obscure egoism i.
In their answer, the Danish Society had only two things to say: he didn't actually answer the question in his essay, but delegated a partial answer to the appendix which is true , and he used offensive language to slander Hegel and his followers which is also true. Therefore, the only contender for the prize essay, didn't win. This is typical for Schopenhauer, and one can only love such a person.
Truly amazing I mean it. In your attempt to answer a question for a prize, only offending and criticizing opponents, scribbling some lame answer in an appendix, and still thinking yourself so important and original that you'll win anyway. But let's not get too mixed up in the context of this book. Is this book worth reading? Well, it depends. There are mainly three considerations to make, and - summed up - these three considerations are a good approximate review. First, one has to be familiar with Kant's system of knowledge, especially his ethics i.
Practical Reason. The first part of The Basis of Morality is a critique, in which Schopenhauer deals with every tiny facet of Kant's ethics, so reading this book without knowledge of Kant is senseless. Second, one has to be familiar with Schopenhauer's system of philosophy, as exposed in Die Welt als Wille und Vorstellung , which is his magnum opus that spans two volumes and pages. Schopenhauer's ethics is easy to sum up: compassion. To understand this 'ethics being compassion', one has to know where Schopenhauer comes from. Basically Schopenhauer means the following.
We, as knowing subjects, are also objects in the world. Every object in this world, is the Will objectifying itself in different degrees and forms.
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Because the Will strives endlessly and feeds on itself, life and being in general is suffering. When we realize we are objectified Will, and since we know the whole world is objectified Will, we perceive ourselves as one with all of nature. We thereby realize that every other human being and animal - Schopenhauer was fond of animals, not so fond of women - is the same Will, objectified in something else. This will lead us to feel compassion for all of our suffering fellow human beings and animals.
So in a nutshell, ethics is compassion. He doesn't explain the above in The Basis of Morality, and one has to be familiar with Schopenhauer's main work to fully grasp this little book. Third, Schopenhauer uses almost the whole book to criticize Kant see the first point, above and to cuss at his contemporay philosophers. To understand this, one has to know the background: how Fichte distorted Kant's philosophy into a Romantic egoism, in which we as subjects constitute the whole world; how Hegel;s reaction to Fichte led to a new form of Absolute Idealism; etc.
Basically one has to know something about German Idealism to understand Schopenhauer's fury against it. So overall, one has to know quite a lot to understand this book. If we set aside the critique on Kant and the tirades against charlatans like Hegel, one is left with a tiny slither of Schopenhauer's ethics. But this tiny slither cannot be grasped fully without having knowledge of Schopenhauer's main work, Die Welt als Wille und Vorstellung. So we end up with the boring fact that The Basis of Morality isn't really helpful or interesting; its only worth lies in the fact that is the objectification of Schopenhauer's obstinate Will pun intended.
Read it as an extra piece of material, don't expect it to offer new insights. And read his main work if you're looking for his ethics. In , the Danish Royal Society announces a prize for a suitable essay on the basis of morals. Schopenhauer submits the only entry and compiles it into a book. The Royal Society claims Schopenhauer did not understand the question and did not award him the prize.
Preface to the book? What a great ensemble of insults. The man is bitter. To the juice of it!
The Categorical Imperative. For Kant, therefore, it is impossible that morality comes from within us, but rather bestowed upon us in some transcendental way, vulgo , God. Schop, on the contrary, argues that moral stimuli or motives must be empirical and manifest themselves without waiting for us to reason them. They must come automatically, with such force as to overcome one of the fundamental springs of all actions: egoism. In Kant, the concept of a moral law is intimately related to that of duty - an obligation.
But every ought derives meaning in reference to a threatened punishment or a promised reward. These motives are ultimately founded on selfish egoism and are therefore void of moral worth. This is something mysterious that reason can give no direct account of. Yet, it happens every day, and everyone has experienced it within themselves, when, on the spur of the moment, we help someone for the sake of their distress and danger. The underlying idea is that we identify ourselves with others and their pain becomes our own. To Schop, compassion is the sole non-egoistic motive, and therefore the only genuinely moral one.
To convince the reader, and in my favorite part of the book, Schop uses an experimentum crucis to show that this phenomenon is confirmed by experience. He considers two young men: Caius and Titus. Both passionately in love with a different girl and each of them thwarted by a specially favored rival. They decide to get rid of their rivals, secured from all detection and suspicion. When it came down to the wire, and after an inward struggle, they called it off.
Schop then asks them to give a sincere and clear account of the reason why they abandoned their decision. But I was seized with compassion and pity; I felt sorry for him; I had not the heart to do it, and could not.