All Football. What happened in Love Island tonight? Recap of episode Love Island contestant from Croydon. Who is Marvin Brooks? Love Island's Casa Amor contestant and ex navy officer. Love Island contestant and hostess from London. Love Island contestant and model from Essex. Bell of the ball Who is Belle Hassan? Love Island newbie and make-up artist. Love Island's Casa Amor hunk and builder from Essex. Comments are subject to our community guidelines, which can be viewed here. In , they registered the Fanconi Anemia Research Fund as a non-profit organization, realizing that it had become much more than a support group for grieving families.
Gradually, the focus had shifted from coping with FA to raising much-needed money to fund grants for the small number of scientific researchers who dedicated themselves to learning more about the disease and investigating treatments.
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In its first five years as a non-proft, the group was able to fund 15 grants for researchers studying FA, making the Frohnmayers the foremost backers of global efforts to isolate the gene responsible for the disease. The Frohnmayers did their best to let their children lead normal lives. Kirsten was elected freshman class president at South Eugene High School, while Katie learned to play the piano and celebrated her ninth birthday with a slumber party. Kirsten was pathologically determined to lead a normal, productive life, often reminding herself that "a lot of people have bad things happen to them.
Her blood counts eventually sank so low that Lynn and Dave took her to Harvard Medical School to explore a radical treatment that other doctors had advised against. It involved treating Kristen with a male hormone called oxymethalone, and it was particularly controversial because Kirsten was 13, which meant she would be taking male hormones while going through puberty.
Kirsten's bravery was rewarded when her blood counts improved as a result of the treatment, and they remained steady as long as she continued taking the hormones. At the same time, her younger sister Katie began showing her first serious symptoms. Dave and Lynn responded by doubling down on their efforts with the FA group they'd founded.
Arleen Auerbach, a geneticist at Rockefeller University, and the following year they assembled a formal review board to assess the value of the research being proposed by each potential grantee who approached them. It soon became clear that significant advances in medical research would be Kirsten's and Katie's only hope for survival. Advances in gene therapy showed promise, but research required money.
Dave put more of his time and effort into fundraising, not only from foundations but from corporate donors.
He and Lynn began to gain traction, but learned early on not to let their hope grow into full-blown optimism. Another setback was always around the corner. A few weeks after their third daughter Amy was born, Lynn got a call from the family's pediatrician. The blood sample they'd taken from Amy had clotted, he said, so they'd need another one.
Amy's prenatal test had produced a false negative. Suddenly they had a third daughter suffering with FA. In the late s, Katie began complaining of pains in her side, which ultimately led to an operation to remove her spleen. In just over a year, she was hospitalized 18 times with a host of new symptoms, including a narrowing of the carotid artery, which caused her to have a stroke in June of Katie's stroke prompted doctors to begin a new course of treatment using gamma globulin injections, which revitalized her enough that she was able to join the family for a summer skiing trip to Utah in But she began experiencing shortness of breath after taking a ski lift to the top of a mountain to enjoy the view with her father, and a few days later her sister Kirsten found her on the floor in their hotel room, unable to move half her body after suffering a second stroke.
She spent a month in a hospital in Salt Lake City, unable to speak or move. After she lost her ability to speak, Lynn recalled conversations during which her young daughter had prepared her for what was to come. On September 26th, , Katie died at a hospital in Eugene.
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She was 12 years old. Just weeks later, her sister Kirsten started school at Stanford University, and, a short while after that, the first FA gene was identified by one of the research teams the Frohnmayers had helped fund.
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Before Katie's funeral, Dave gave the pastor strict instructions that forbid him from making any statements that might imply Katie's death had been some part of God's plan. If there is a God, why should this happen? When the ,square-foot Moshofsky Center opened less than two years later, it made the University of Oregon the only school on the West Coast with its own indoor practice facility.
The sparkling edifice featured a full-length artificial field with ceilings that reached 70 feet high at their tallest point. Four lanes of synthetic indoor running track stretched meters across an area adjacent to its football field. There was even an indoor retail outlet for selling Oregon Ducks merchandise and apparel.
Knight proved from the beginning to be a more hands-on booster than college athletics had ever seen. He treated his philanthropic endeavors like he treated any other business investment. Knight, as the principal donor, always maintains the naming rights for the university buildings he invests in, but often forgoes the option. The Moshofsky Center is named for Ed and Elaine Moshofsky, who also donated to its construction; on other occasions, Knight has paid for buildings and had them named after family members or early Nike employees.
The Nike chief executive also found creative ways of ensuring that his dealings with the public university were handled like private business deals. This proved to be a constant source of frustration for Knight. He could attribute much of his success as a businessman to finding ways of coloring outside the lines—Nike had circumvented U.
Knight did things "the Nike way" in his dealings with the University of Oregon as well. When giving the school money for a building or athletic facility, Knight circumvented many of the processes public universities are expected to go through with such undertakings. Instead of handing over the money to the school, for instance, Knight often took charge himself. Once completed, the facility would be handed back to the school as a finished product, having relieved it of responsibilities like a public bidding process with construction firms, negotiations with union laborers, and an open dialogue with the campus community and other Eugene stakeholders.
This proved to be an endless source of frustration for labor unions like UA Local Plumbers and Steamfitters, which claimed that the university prevented scrutiny of Knight's projects by blocking access to records that were supposed to be public. By the end of , it was clear that Knight was precisely the corporate super-booster Frohnmayer had been hoping for when he told his faculty that the school was going to need to embrace change and seek out more private funding.
He had also given Oregon's football team a new look to go along with its new facilities. College athletics promised more room for growth than the nearly saturated market for professional sports apparel. It also gave Nike the chance to expand its influence in the world of college football. Nike also signed North Carolina, Miami, Colorado, Southern Cal, and Illinois, but the most enduring of its all-school deals proved to be the one Knight cut with the Oregon Ducks, who took to the gridiron in wearing a simple green-and-yellow jersey, with Nike's swoosh logo printed on the left shoulder.
Soon, Nike's research-and-development unit would use the University of Oregon as a testing ground for developing new football gear it might later sell to other schools and to NFL teams. By the end of the year, the company's U. But in , Nike's tailwind was suddenly slowed by a major financial crisis in Asia, where demand for Nike products dried up almost overnight.
As orders were canceled throughout the troubled region, Nike slashed retail prices in the U. Profits plummeted and Nike laid off hundreds of workers overseas and hundreds more at its Beaverton headquarters, where it had already lost five of its most important executives to retirement and resignation. Worst of all, Knight's company was suffering a public-relations crisis unlike anything it had faced before as media reports revealed the unsettling conditions Nike's overseas laborers were working in, and the meager wages they were being paid to do so.
He also made a much smaller, more unusual investment at the school, which went largely unnoticed. This gave Knight an unusual amount of leverage over the University of Oregon and its president, particularly in light of the Frohnmayer family's most recent tragedy. Just days after Frohnmayer returned home from Pasadena following the Ducks' devastating loss in the Rose Bowl, his oldest daughter, Kirsten, noticed a bruise that she couldn't explain.
A blood test revealed values consistent with leukemia, which was especially tragic because it disqualified her from participating in clinical trials for a gene-replacement therapy that doctors at the National Institutes of Health hoped might end FA by making it possible to replace the defective inherited gene with one that does not have the defect.
In February of , Kirsten traveled to the University of Minnesota for a bone-marrow transplant, which was considered a long shot since the donor was not a close relative.
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Miraculously, the transplant seemed to be a success, and Kirsten was well in time to attend her graduation ceremony at Stanford. Then, late in the summer of , her leukemia returned. Increasingly desperate for a remedy, Lynn brought her daughter to Milan, Italy, for an experimental treatment in which doctors administered genetically altered T cells—a treatment that was not yet approved in the United States.
Her leukemia went into remission, briefly, but returned in April of On June 20th, , Kirsten Frohnmayer died of complications from FA at the same Eugene hospital where her younger sister had died. She was Amy, who was 10, was suddenly the only daughter Dave and Lynn had left. And Phil Knight's money was the only thing that seemed like it might save her.
The plans for the shoes were then relayed by satellite to a computer-aided manufacturing desk in Taiwan, where prototypes were developed and tested. Once the shoe's blueprints were approved, they were sent by fax to the factory where Phuong worked, in Bien Hoa, northeast of Ho Chi Minh City in Vietnam. There the shoe's three main parts—the outsole, the midsole, and the upper—were produced individually, then assembled in a labor-intensive process that was difficult to automate, and therefore relied on manual labor. It was a summer day in and Phuong was making midsoles, carefully trimming away the excess synthetic material overflowing from molds that had just come out of an oven.
Nearby, a co-worker's sewing machine suddenly broke down, spraying metal parts across the factory floor. A piece of shrapnel pierced Phuong's heart, killing her instantly. Nike's response to the young woman's death was to boldly claim: "We don't make shoes. The backlash against Nike amplified just as the company was expanding its retail operations by opening its upscale Niketown retail outlets around the country. Picketers and news cameras showed up at store openings, including one in San Francisco, where NFL wide receiver Jerry Rice was assailed with questions about sweatshops and child labor.
This was a major problem for Knight, who planned to open three more Niketown shops in ; they weren't just retail outlets, but brand-awareness generators that helped increase Nike's sales at other retailers, like Foot Locker. And key Niketown locations, like the one in London, would help give the company the foothold it needed as it sought to make inroads into the European soccer market. Michael Jordan faced his own tough questions about Nike sweatshops during a press conference, but even worse things were in store for Knight, who learned that documentary filmmaker Michael Moore was set to release a new film, The Big One , focused on Nike's misadventures in offshore manufacturing.
Wall Street took notice, and throughout it was not uncommon to find stock analyst reports filled with summaries of the latest news reports on the condition of Nike's factories throughout Asia, and the extent to which the company and its shareholders were exposed. For the first time in years, analysts began downgrading Nike's stock and lowering its expectations for the company's outlook.
When Knight at last looked outside his company for help, he turned to a firm called GoodWorks International, owned by Andrew Young, a former mayor of Atlanta who had also been the U. He hired GoodWorks to evaluate Nike's operations in , and Young himself went to Asia to meet with some of Nike's suppliers and contractors there. When Young issued his report on Nike's use of overseas labor, it was hard to imagine that Nike's public relations staff could have done more to polish what was clearly a rotten apple.
Knight was so pleased with Young's conclusions that he took out full-page newspaper advertisements highlighting them. Knight was also pleased with another aspect of Young's evaluation: while third-party monitoring of Nike's overseas factories was a good idea, it should be left to a company like his own firm, GoodWorks, Young felt, and not to global labor and human rights organizations.
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The benefits of this approach for Nike were evident from the amount of control the company was able to exert over the Young report, which completely ignored the key issue of wages for factory workers. Young had also relied entirely on Nike interpreters during his 10 days of interviews with the workers making Nike shoes at factories in Asia. The accounting firm had, in fact, been auditing Nike factories since , but Knight had managed to keep these less-forgiving assessments quiet up until the leak. On the afternoon of April 4th, , six University of Oregon students locked arms and blocked the entrance to Johnson Hall, a stately year-old building that housed the offices of the school's top administrators.
It was the University of Oregon's first major student sit-in since the anti-war demonstrations that began in and carried on into the following year, intensifying just as Frohnmayer arrived at the university as a law professor and legal counsel to then-president Robert D. In many ways, Clark had had it easier than Frohnmayer.
He shook his head. I feel sorry for him. David let a breath out through his nose. My body is nineteen. But my mind is wise beyond that—far wiser than yours. He half turned away, looking back at the house. Your decisions will directly affect others now, mon amour, and I can only warn you so far. I huffed, dropping my hands onto my hips. We gotta go; the Lilithians are rallying to meet their princess. How can I find one ounce of faith in myself, when no one else seems to have any? David stepped forward a little, his body language holding no bars back, warning Mike not to elaborate.
I looked at Mike, then David, and back again a few times, unsure what to say. Is this say whatever you can think of to hurt me day? Christ, David. And I am so sick of losing you that the very idea of you getting in that car right now has me blinded with madness. I sniffled, shaking a little despite the heat. I swear it.