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House , Ernest R. New Directions for Evaluation , No. In Aletta Biersack and James B. Forthcoming, A Resource Book on Participation. Rome , Carleton University , Ottawa , and World Bank. Jacobsgaard , Mette : Street-children evaluate their own project, Ghana. COWI , Denmark , Jenkins , Richard : Pierre Bourdieu. Key Sociologists , Routledge , Jungk , R. Verso , London , Sida Studies No. Kaplan , R. University of South Florida , Karlsson , G.

Kjaer , Louise ed. An Action Research Project. The Copenhagen Centre , Critical Perspectives. Palgrave , Kotler , Philip and E. FP , London , Krogstrup , H. Kumar , Ranjit : Research Methodology. A Step-by-Step Guide for Beginners. Kumar , Somesh : Methods for Community Participation. A Complete Guide for Practitioners. Vistaar Publications , New Delhi , Kusek , Jody Z. The World Bank , Kvale , Steinar : Interviews.

An Introduction to Qualitative Research Interviewing. Sage Publications , USA , Laier , J.

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Collins and D. Kinley : Aid as Obstacle. Laws , Sophie with C. Harper and R. Marcus : Research for Development. A Practical Guide. Learning Participation Network. IDS , UK —ongoing. Levy , C. Lightfoot , Clive , R. Ramirez , A. Groot , R. Noble , F. Shao , D. Kisauzi , and I. Lindqvist , Sven , P. Brock , et al. Bonniers , Stockholm , Lipton , M. Maxwell : The New Poverty Agenda.

An Overview. ODA , London , Little , Daniel : Varieties of Social Explanation.

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An Introduction to the Philosophy of Social Science. Westview Press , Long , C. Boston : Institute for Development Research , In Mai Palmberg ed. Longwe , Sarah H. In Noeleen Heyzer ed. Lundquist , Lennart : Det vetenskapliga studiet av politik. The scientific study of politics. In Wolfgang Sachs ed. Oxfam , Marris , P. Marshall , C. Rossman : Designing Qualitative Research. Sage Publications , Mauro , A. Report on the Development Theatre Programme. McCracken , Jennifer A. Pretty and Gordon R. IIED , London , McGee , R. Quoted in Elizabeth M.

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Mearns , R. Shombodon , G. Narangerel , U. Turul , A. Enkhamgalan , B. Myagmarzhav , A. Bayanjargal and B. Merton , Robert K. Theoretical and Empirical Investigations. The University of Chicago Press , By Cecilia Ljungman et al. Beneficiary Assessment by S. Copenhagen , Copenhagen by Britha Mikkelsen et al. By Boesen , Christensen and Therkildsen , -ongoing. Mikkelsen , Britha , T. Freeman , B. Keller et al.

Roskilde University , A Guide for Practitioners. Miles , M. Huberman : Qualitative Data Analysis. An Expanded Sourcebook. Sage Publications , Thousand Oaks , Mills , Wright C. Penguin , Mlama , Penina Mihando : Culture and Development. The Popular Theatre Approach in Africa. SIAS , Uppsala , Molyneux , M. Moore , M. Choudhary , and N. Singh : How can we know what they want? Understanding local perceptions of poverty and ill-being in Asia. Overseas Development Institute , Moser , Caroline : Gender Planning and Development. Theory, Practice and Training.

Mosse , D. Zed Books , London , Mosse , David , J. London, ODI, Concept Publishing Company , New Delhi , In John Kuada ed. Samfundslitteratur , Denmark , Narayan , Deepa , R. Chambers , M. Shah and P. Petesch : Voices of the Poor. Crying Out for Change. Narayan , Deepa with R. Patel , K. Schafft , A. Rademacher and S. Koch-Schulte : Voices of the Poor.

Can Anybody Hear Us? From Many Lands. Nelson , N. Nelson and S. Neuman , W. Allyn and Bacon , and Development Guidelines , No. Learning for Life? Nielsen , H. Nilsson , Per-Ulf and P. Sida, Div. Stockholm , Oslo , Handbook for Objectives-oriented Project Planning. Oslo , and Norton , Andy with B. Bird , K. Brock , M. Kakande and C. An Introduction to Theory and Practice. ODI, GB , Oakley , Peter and D. Development Guidelines No. Poverty Reduction , Paris, Olesen , Virginia L.

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In Norman Denzin and Yvonna S. Lincoln eds , Handbook of Qualitative Research. Second Edition. Olsen , Henning : Kvalitative kvaler. Qualitative Queries. Akademisk Forlag. Nielsen and K. Democracy and sustainability. Manchester University Press , Palmberg , Mai ed. Panini ed. Paludan , Charlotte ed. Panini , M. Women in Development Series , Vol. Epstein , Hindustan Publishing House , Delhi , Is the World Bank's Strategy Working?

Parellada , A. Third edition. The New Century Text. Pendley , Charles , Morten G. COWI study sponsored by Danida, Picciotto , Robert ed. Proceedings of the World Bank Conference—Postscript. Pimbert , M. Poole , Peter ed. Pretty , J. Pretty , X. Scoones , I. Guijit and J. Thompson : Participatory Learning and Action. A Trainer's Guide. Thinking through Research. Putnam , Robert D. Rabinow , Paul : Reflection on Fieldwork in Morocco. Ragin , C. Moving Beyond Qualitative and Quantitative Strategies. University of California Press , Rahman , Hossain Zillur and M. Available from the author ssr cowi.

Reddy , G. Prakash : Danske Dilemmaer. Grevas , Denmark , Prakash : Danes Are Like That! Perspectives of an Indian Anthropologist on the Danish Society. Ribot , Jesse C. World Resources Institute , Richards , M. A Manual for Economic Analysis. Rist , Ray C. Ritzer , George : Sociological Theory.

McGrawHill , Robb , Caroline M. Participatory Poverty Assessments in the Developing World. Roche , C. Learning to Value Change. Oxfam , Oxford , Dahl and A. Rabo eds , Kamap or Take-off. Rowlands , Jo : Questioning Empowerment. Rubin , H. Quoted in W. Rundstrom , R. Ruyter , Knut W. Sachs , Wolfgang ed. A Guide to Knowledge as Power. Salmen , Lawrence F. World Bank , Schmidt , Kasper : On the Right Track?

Sellamna , N. Working Paper No. Sen , Amartya K. Alfred A. Knopf , New York , Tinker ed. Sen ed. Clarendon Press , Oxford , Sen , Ghita and C. Shah , Parmesh and D. A Workshop Report. Sida : Perspectives on Poverty , Stockholm, October Sida : Mainstreaming Gender Equality. Sida's support for the promotion of gender equality in partner countries , by Britha Mikkelsen et al. Sida Studies, No. The book examines the role of the geotechnical baseline report GBR as a means of allocating and managing subsurface risks associated with subsurface construction.

It discusses the importance and benefit of ensuring compatibility between the GBR and other contract documents, as well as the importance of involving experienced firms and individuals in the preparation and review process. A revision and update of the previously published Geotechnical Baseline Reports of Underground Construction: Guidelines and Practices , this edition includes new chapters on the application of GBRs to other types of subsurface projects, the application of GBRs in design-build project delivery, and recommendations drawn from industry-wide lessons learned.

Other topics include the organization and content of a GBR, owners' perspectives, and a discussion of the rational for the use of GBRs as a risk management tool. This book covers a wide range of issues in fire safety engineering in tunnels, describes the phenomena related to tunnel fire dynamics, presents state-of-the-art research, and gives detailed solutions to these major issues.

Examples for calculations are provided. The aim is to significantly improve the understanding of fire safety engineering in tunnels. Chapters on fuel and ventilation control, combustion products, gas temperatures, heat fluxes, smoke stratification, visibility, tenability, design fire curves, heat release, fire suppression and detection, CFD modelling, and scaling techniques all equip readers to create their own fire safety plans for tunnels, and make the book a must-have reference guide for any engineer or public official with responsibility for tunnels.

It would also be of interest to many fire protection engineers as an application of evolving technical principles of fire safety. The unique collection of examples contained in the book — in the form of table values and formulas — facilitates future research. The book focuses on practical knowledge gained from an analysis of actual fires, as well as from studies carried out in a test environment — at both full scale and model scale.

Crucial parameters for how fires can develop are carefully described, and the book also reports the fire tests carried out in tunnels over the last 40 years. Other subjects for discussion include: optimising tunnel design from a fire safety perspective; fixed fire fighting systems sprinklers ; the effects of active systems on the tunnel environment; and new basic knowledge about the development of fire in vehicles. Written for engineering and science students, Mechanics of Groundwater in Porous Media explains groundwater from both a mathematical and qualitative standpoint.

The book builds up the theory of groundwater flow starting from basic physics and geometric intuition, and on to applied practice through real-world engineering problems. It includes graphical illustrations as well as solved illustrative problems throughout the text. The book starts off by introducing the overall picture of groundwater, its relationship with the hydrological cycle, and other terminology used in the mechanics of groundwater flow though porous means.

The engineering applications are deducted from geometric and physical reasoning, with a minimum use of mathematical abstraction. Mechanics of Groundwater in Porous Media is written primarily to serve as a textbook for senior undergraduate and upper-level graduate students in civil and environmental engineering, environmental science, hydrogeology, and geology, as well as a resource for practising engineers. A guide to successfully designing, estimating, and scheduling a civil engineering project, Integrated Design and Cost Management for Civil Engineers shows how practising professionals can design fit-for-use solutions within established time frames and reliable budgets.

This text combines technical compliance with practical solutions in relation to cost planning, estimating, time, and cost control.

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It incorporates solutions that are technically sound as well as cost effective and time efficient. It focuses on the integration of design and construction based on solid engineering foundations contained within a code of ethics, and navigates engineers through the complete process of project design, pricing, and tendering. The book uses cases studies to illustrate principles and processes. Although they centre on Australasia and Southeast Asia, the principles are internationally relevant.

The material details procedures that emphasise the correct quantification and planning of works, resulting in reliable cost and time predictions. It also works toward minimising the risk of losing business through cost blowouts or losing profits through underestimation. Designed to help civil engineers develop and apply a multitude of skill bases, Integrated Design and Cost Management for Civil Engineers can aid them in maintaining relevancy in appropriate design justifications, guide work tasks, control costs, and structure project timelines.

The book is an ideal link between a civil engineering course and practice. Presenting more than 25 years of teaching and working experience in a wide variety of centrifuge testing, the author of Centrifuge Modelling for Civil Engineers fills a need for information about this field. This text covers all aspects of centrifuge modelling. Expertly explaining the basic principles, the book makes this technique accessible to practising engineers and researchers. Civil engineers that are new to the industry can refer to this material to solve complex geotechnical problems. The book outlines a generalised design process employed for civil engineering projects.

It begins with the basics, and then moves on to increasingly complex methods and applications including shallow foundations, retaining walls, pile foundations, tunnelling beneath existing pile foundations, and assessing the stability of buildings and their foundations following earthquake-induced soil liquefaction.

It addresses the use of modern imaging technique, data acquisition, and modelling techniques. It explains the necessary signal processing tools that are used to decipher centrifuge test data, and introduces the reader to the specialist aspects of dynamic centrifuge modelling used to study dynamic problems such as blast, wind, or wave loading with emphasis on earthquake engineering including soil liquefaction problems.

Centrifuge Modelling for Civil Engineers effectively describes the equipment, instrumentation, and signal processing techniques required to make the best use of the centrifuge modelling and test data. This text benefits graduate students, researchers, and practicing civil engineers involved with geotechnical issues.

Hong Kong is a city without ground. Density obliterates figure-ground in the city and, in turn, re-defines public-private spatial relationships. In fact, Hong Kong lacks any of the traditional figure-ground relationships that shape urban space: axis, edge, centre, even fabric. Cities Without Ground explores this condition and is the first attempt to map the labyrinth of interwoven walkways, bridges and underground space by mapping three-dimensional circulation networks that join shopping malls, train stations and public transport interchanges, public parks and private lobbies as a series of spatial models and drawings.

It can be confusing to navigate, so we decided to make a city guide that maps these 3D routes. The emergence of the shopping malls as spaces of civil society rather than of global capital and grounds of resistance comes as a surprise. This continuous network and the microclimates of temperature, humidity, noise and smell, which differentiate it, constitute an entirely new form of urban spatial hierarchy. Air particle concentration is both logical and counterintuitive: outdoor air is more polluted, while the air in the higher-end malls is cleaner than air adjacent to lower value retail programs.

Train stations, while significantly cooler than bus terminals, have only moderately cleaner air. Boundaries determined by sound or smell a street of flower vendors or bird keepers, or an artificially perfumed mall can ultimately provide more substantive spatial boundaries than a ground. Design and installation of traditional timber support for underground works has become an increasingly rare skill over recent years but its need is no less necessary for short or complex hand-mined headings within larger mechanically excavated and lined structures.

Recognising the decline of this expertise, the British Tunnelling Society invited Colin Mackenzie, a past Chairman of the Society and a leading tunnel construction engineer in the UK and now retired, to write a review of the technique and from his own career experiences of working with timber support systems on many tunnelling projects in the London region and in London Clay as the geological medium, including the Victoria Line of the London Underground in the s.

A posthumous autobiography by Sir Harold Harding and drawn from his writings, diaries, and archive, is being edited for publication by his granddaughter Amanda Davey. Sir Harold was a true giant in the British construction engineering industry and his expertise, knowledge and willingness to be involved, had him associated with many major tunnelling projects both in the UK and across the world, as well as being engaged with many organisations and associations including as President of the Institution of Civil Engineers and the founding Chairman of the British Tunnelling Society.

Told in his inimitable and entertaining style, this book promises to fill gaps in the historical record and illuminate many projects. A proportion of sales will also be donated to the ICE Benevolent Fund that supports engineers and their dependants in times of need. Make contact with the Editor at info tiliaservices. Fundamentals of Ground Engineering is an unconventional study guide that serves up the key principles, theories, definitions, and analyses of geotechnical engineering in bite-sized pieces. The book contains brief - one or two pages per topic - snippets of information covering the geotechnical engineering component of a typical undergraduate course in civil engineering as well as some topics for advanced courses.

Written in note form, it summarizes the basic principles and theories of soil mechanics, the procedures for creating a geotechnical model, and the common analyses for slopes, foundations, and walls. Puts the mechanics into soil mechanics Presents information that is simple to use - structured around diagrams and formulae with few words Explains detailed analyses given in the longer standard texts A short, easily read summary of the basic theories and routine analyses of ground engineering, Fundamentals of Ground Engineering incorporates plenty of diagrams and concentrated data without going into detailed explanations.

The text is an ideal reference for students of civil engineering at both BSc and MSc level, as well as serving as a refresher manual of core principles for practicing civil engineers - senior and junior - and by engineering geologists. New and revised CEN Regulations relating to the use of machinery designed for the excavations of tunnels, shafts and other underground structures, including TBMs, roadheaders, and air locks, have been published and have come into effect across the countries of the European Union. As of their date of publication, the regulations of each EN Standard must be applied to new tunnelling projects using the stated types of machinery.

The Standards do not apply to tunnelling machinery manufactured before the date of publication. Applicable to tunnelling machinery as defined in Clause 3 and used for the construction of tunnels, shafts and other underground excavations. It deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to such machinery when they are used as intended and under the conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer see Clause 4.

The Standard covers monitoring for hazardous atmospheres within the confines of the tunnelling machinery. A Standard that deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to roadheaders and continuous miners as defined in Clause 3 when they are used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer see Clause 4. The Standard covers incorporation of monitoring devices for hazardous atmospheres. Applies to the design, construction, equipping, marking and testing of air locks as defined in 3.

An oxygen breathing system used to provide the breathing supply necessary to conduct a safe decompression is also covered by this Standard. Air locks can be connected to tunnelling machinery. This Standard can help the design of air locks and bulkheads in other compressed air work in construction. It deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to such machinery when they are used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer see Clause 4.

A textbook that covers computer and analytical methods for considering a number of geotechnical problems associated with the soil-structure interaction. Its scope is considered distinctive with details of theory, computer procedures and codes, constitutive models, and applications toward analysis and design for a wide range of problems. The book provides readers with a comprehensive treatment of computer methods and constitutive models that they can use for teaching, research, and solving a wide range of practical problems in geotechnical and structural engineering and geomechanics.

It discusses factors such as in-situ conditions, elastic, plastic and creep deformations, stress path, volume change, presence of fluids water , non-homogeneities, inherent and induced discontinuities leading to softening, failure and liquefaction, and different types of loading such as static, cyclic, and dynamic.

Tunnel engineering is one of the oldest, most interesting but also challenging engineering disciplines and demands not only theoretical knowledge but also practical experience in geology, geomechanics, structural design, concrete construction, machine technology, construction process technology and construction management. The two-volume Handbuch des Tunnel- und Stollenbaushas been the standard reference for German-speaking tunnellers in theory and practice for 30 years. The new English edition is based on a revised and adapted version of the third German edition and reflects the latest state of knowledge.

Microtunnelling and ventilation are also dealt with. The second volume covers both theoretical themes like design basics, geological engineering, structural design of tunnels and monitoring instrumentation, and also the practical side of work on the construction site such as dewatering, waterproofing and scheduling as well as questions of tendering, award and contracts, data management and process controlling.

All chapters of both volumes include practical examples. KG, Munich and Duisburg. KG, Munich and Duisburg as well as an officially appointed and sworn expert in tunnelling and microtunnelling. Markus Thewes holds the Chair of Tunneling and Construction Management at the Ruhr University, Bochum and is active in national and international associations. Two full-colour, hard-covered books chart the challenges and adventures faced by British civil engineers and construction contractors from the great engineering advances of Victorian times, as builders of canals in the late th Century to present day construction of infrastructure from roads and railways, sea works and flood defences, water supply and irrigation, urban drainage and sewerage, gas works and power stations and the Channel Tunnel and its Rail Link into London of the late 20 th and early 21 st Centuries.

Extraordinarily ambitious and largely unrecognised British citizens built infrastructure around the world, individuals took considerable risks, many failed in the process but others thrived to become powerful industrialists of their day. Compiled as the first history of the topics, publications include profiles of many of the key figures and organisations in the industry through the ages, from the towering Victorian engineers and contractors whose business was their personal affair, through the 20 th Century which saw the rise of the corporate engineer and contractor, specialist sub-consultants and sub-contractors and the blurring of the distinction between consulting engineers and contractors, to the larger firms of recent years that become larger through merger and acquisition.

The Contractors and The Civil Engineers a compelling read for those working in the industry. Readers will experience the boom of the Victorian era, to the reality of working at home and abroad, the difficulties and opportunities brought by wars, the equipment used and the specialists; designers and contractors of today, all fully illustrated in colour and with historic material from the ICE and the firms themselves. The aim is to share with international colleagues information on rock technology, in this publication with specific reference to the latest world-leading experience in tunnelling and underground works related to hydropower.

This is the second title on hydropower tunnelling in the NFF English language back catalogue which contains 22 titles in all. It is intended to update the version that contained 18 papers and has been read across all parts of the world over the last 28 years. During the last years practically all hydropower stations have been located underground; more than in total, which represents about a quarter of all underground power stations in the world. Norwegian engineers have been involved in hydropower projects in a number of countries and have learned important lessons in an international market.

Some of this is included in the papers presented in this publication. Revised edition of the BS Code of practice for health and safety in tunnelling in the construction industry is published and available for online purchase from the British Standards Institution. First drafted in as a page document, BS was revised extensively in and again in The newly published version, now more than pages long, provides comprehensive guidance on health and safety issues arising from tunnel and shaft construction and tunnel maintenance, renovation and repair.

In addition to a general update and a revised bibliography, the clauses dealing with excavation and support have been extensively rewritten as has the clause dealing with shafts. A new clause addresses the provision of refuge chambers in tunnels for use by workers in the event of an emergency during tunnel construction. These documents now need to be updated and make reference to the new BS edition.

Written in English, this comprehensive best practice guide covers all aspects of NATM contracting from tendering and estimating, to construction procedures and payment schedules. South Africa's Gautrain project, linking Johannesburg with Pretoria, is the subject of a new interactive collector's edition book. It tells the story of the Gautrain's project history, from its inception to the opening of the final leg of the rail system on 2 August Featuring never-before-seen pictures of the project's development, the book showcases and documents the history and progress of Africa's biggest public-private partnership.

Unlike a normal history book, the Gautrain book reads as a timeline rather than a detailed, in-depth account of the R26 billion project. Its interactive nature takes the reader through a process of folded letters, pull-outs and inserts, providing comprehensive detail about landmark aspects of the project.

Each page is beautifully crafted and designed on Curious Metallic Ice Gold paper and is encased in a gold sleeve. The book took a year to design and has so far notched up three prestigious awards. Also included with the book is a DVD. The airport link section of the network, from the O.

The Rosebank-Pretoria section opened in August and the last section, the remainder of the underground section from Rosebank to the underground Park Station in central Johannesburg, opened in June after water ingress issues into the running tunnels were rectified. References Gautrain begins airport link services - TunnelTalk , June Practicing engineers on site, in the design office, or in client organizations will find an introduction to the design and construction of sprayed concrete lined SCL tunnels.

The complex bahaviour of the early age sprayed concrete requires careful management. The book covers all aspects of SCL tunnelling - from the constituents of sprayed concrete to detailed design and management during construction. Although there is a close inter dependence between all the facet sof sprayed concrete, few engineers have the right breadth of experience and expertise, and this needs to be transferred to the wider engineering community urgently.

Download a pdf order form. An indepth introduction to the Austrian approach to conventional tunnelling as embodied in its NATM excavation and contracting method. He died in and remained actively engaged as an expert until late in life. Published in German, the book is a journey through one of the most influential times in the field of rock engineering, tunnelling and underground space excavation and an insight into the life and work of one of the key individuals of that development. The Model Code for Concrete Structures is produced by fib to serve as a basis for future codes and for updating existing codes for concrete structures.

Just as the last Model Code of contributed to development of the Eurocode 2 - Concrete Structures, so this new Model Code will be the basis of all new standards and specifications for the design of concrete structures. Published in two volumes the first volume covers basic principles, principles of structural design, materials and interface characteristics, while the second deals with design, construction, conservation, dismantlement, recycling and reuse.

The documents give an extensive state-of-the-art review of material properties for structural concrete including constitutive relations for concrete up to strength class C, and properties of reinforcing and prestressing steel, including prestressing systems. Special attention is given to the application of fibre concrete for structural applications, as well as the application of non-metallic reinforcement, interface characteristics, verification assisted by numerical simulations, verification assisted by testing, and to a number of important construction aspects.

The Model Code is more 'life cycle' oriented than its predecessors, introducing the important new consideration of 'time' with structures designed in future for structural safety and serviceability for a defined number of years.