His experience from the bottom-most level in the organization gave him an opportunity to know at first the problems of the workers. Taylor saw productivity as the answer to both higher wages and higher profits. He believed that the application of the scientific method, instead of customs and rule of thumb could yield this productivity without the expenditure of more human energy or effort. Taylor published a book entitled, The Principles of Scientific Management, in But his ideas about scientific management are best expressed in his testimony that was placed before a committee of the House of Representatives in Industrial problems increased due to the advent of large scale factory systems, mass production and mechanization.
People needed some specific principles an methods for solving the problems they faced. The initial impetus in scientific management movement was Taylor. He was more concerned with the engineering aspect and the problems of workers and productivity oriented wages.
Now, in its essence, scientific management involves a complete mental revolution of the part of the working man engaged in any particular establishment or industry. The great mental revolution that takes place in the mental attitude of the two parties under scientific management is that both sides take their eyes off the division of the surplus as an important matter and together turn their attention toward increasing the size of the surplus, which becomes so large that it is unnecessary to quarrel over how it should be divided.
The Principles of Scientific Management
They come to see that when they stop pulling against one another and instead both turn and push shoulder to shoulder in the same direction, the size of the surplus created by their joint efforts is truly appreciable. When friendly co-operation and mutual helpfulness replace antagonism and strife, it becomes possible for both the parties to make the surplus so enormous that there is ample room for a large increase in wages for the workmen and an equally great increase in profits for the manufacturer.
The fundamental principles that Taylor saw underlying the scientific approach to management may be summarized as follows:. Scientifically select, train, and develop each worker rather than passively leaving them to train themselves. Please verify that you are not a robot.
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Principles of Scientific Management
Print book : English View all editions and formats. Industrial efficiency.
User lists Similar Items. Online version: Taylor, Frederick Winslow, Fundamentals of scientific management -- The principles of scientific management -- Appendix.