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Both the Waltzes and the Hungarian Dances are extremely demanding in their two-hand form, and in the latter collection one could often believe that the 20 fingers of two duettists must be involved, so many notes are being played in all registers for an example, try No. However, the technical problems evidently hold no terrors for this pianist and her performances are both convincing and attractive. What more need be said about this playing of music in which Brahms portrayed, in turn, sophisticated Vienna and untamed Hungary?

Well, not a great deal. The quicker Waltzes Read more have plenty of vivacity, and the slower ones are lyrical in the right Viennese way. Tempos, textures, phrasing, rubato and pedalling are well managed. Indeed, the playing has a very convincing blend of subtlety and simplicity, and, not for the first time, I admire this artist's judgement as much as her fingers. Try the ninth of these pieces the gentle D minor for an example of all her qualities.

She treats these 16 pieces as a sequence, as Brahms's key structure allows, and leaves relatively little gap between them. Brahms, enamored of Beethoven, composed Piano Sonata No. As a further testament to Brahms' affinity for Beethoven, the Piano Sonata is infused with the instantly recognizable motive from Beethoven's Symphony No.

Brahms was barely 20 years old at its composition. The piece is dedicated to Countess Ida von Hohenthal of Leipzig. A performance of the work generally lasts betwe. String Quintet No. It is known as the Prater Quintet. Brahms intended it to be his last piece of music, though he later produced a number of piano pieces and the two sonatas for clarinet or viola and piano.

The first performance of the Quintet in Vienna on November 11, was a sensation Swafford , p. Like Brahms' earlier string quintet, Opus 88, it is a viola quintet, scored for two violins, two violas and cello. The work has four movements. The first movement is marked Allegro non troppo, ma con brio, and is in 9.

Its opening is dominated by a cello solo in G major. The middle section is in G minor, though it passes through numerous keys before returning to G major by the end. The second movement is marked Adagio, and is in 2.

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It starts with a viola solo accompanied by cello pizzicato. Then a ghostly triplet motif is presented by the viola. Both of these thematic materials are played by different instruments and developed. The trio is scored for piano, violin and cello, and it is the only work of Brahms to exist today in two published versions, although it is almost always the revised version that is being performed today. The work is homotonal, with two movements in the key of B major and two in B minor. Haydn , now also called the Saint Anthony Variations, is a work in the form of a theme and variations, composed by Johannes Brahms in the summer of at Tutzing in Bavaria.

The work was published in two versions: for two pianos, written first but designated Op.

Tchaikovsky: Waltz Op. 39 No. 9 in E-flat Major

The orchestral version is better known and much more often heard than the two-piano version. It is often said to be the first independent set of variations for orchestra in the history of music,[1] although there is at least one earlier piece in the same form, Antonio Salieri's Twenty-six Variations on 'La folia di Spagna' written in This article lists compositions written for piano duo. The list includes works for piano four-hands and works for two pianos. Catalogue number and date of composition are also included. Ordering is by composer surname. A list of notable performers who played and recorded these works is at List of classical piano duos performers.

Piano four hands Samuel Barber — Souvenirs, Op. It comprises seven movements, which together last 65 to 80 minutes, making this work Brahms's longest composition. A German Requiem is sacred but non-liturgical, and unlike a long tradition of the Latin Requiem, A German Requiem, as its title states, is a Requiem in the German language. History Brahms's mother died in February , a loss that caused him much grief and may well have inspired Ein deutsches Requiem. Brahms's lingering feelings over Robert Schumann's death in July may also have been a motivation, though his reticence about such matters makes this uncertain.

The composer gave the work's public debut in Hannover, the following year. Form This concerto is written in the traditional three movements and is approximately 40 to 50 minutes long. Maestoso D minor The first movement is in sonata form, divided into five sections: orchestral introduction, exposition, development, recapitulation, and coda. This movement is large, lasting between 20 and 25 minutes.


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Although without a cadenza, the strict adherence to forms used in the Classical Period earned Brahms a reputation for being musically "conservative". The theme heavily makes use of arpeggiated chords and trills. Within the orchestral introduction other themes are introduced, and the thematic material is further developed by both orchestra and soloist. The Violin Concerto in D major, Op. It is Brahms's only violin concerto, and, according to Joachim, one of the four great German violin concerti:[1] The Germans have four violin concertos.

The greatest, most uncompromising is Beethoven's. The one by Brahms vies with it in seriousness. The richest, the most seductive, was written by Max Bruch. But the most inward, the heart's jewel, is Mendelssohn's. Instrumentation The Violin Concerto is scored for solo violin and orchestra consisting of 2 flutes, 2 oboes, 2 clarinets in A, 2 bassoons; 2 natural horns crooked in D, and 2 natural horns crooked in E, 2 trumpets in D, timpani, and strings. Despite Brahms' scoring for natural non-valved horns in his orchestral works, valved horns have always been used in actual performance, even in Brahms' time.

It premiered on 26 December in Vienna. Most performances last between twelve and fifteen minutes.


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  • Brahms chose the title "tragic" to emphasize the turbulent, tormented character of the piece, in essence a free-standing symphonic movement, in contrast to the mirthful ebullience of a companion piece he wrote the same year, the Academic Festival Overture. Despite its name, the Tragic Overture does not follow any specific dramatic program. Brahms summed up the effective difference in character between the two overtures when he declared "one laughs while the other cries. Structure The Tragic Overture comprises three main sections, all in the key of D minor.

    Analysis Theorists have disagreed in. The Zigeunerlieder Gypsy songs , Op. The first translation of the texts was by the Hungarian nurse of the Conrat family. The two Serenades, Op. They both date from after the death of Robert Schumann when Brahms was residing in Detmold and had access to an orchestra. As preliminary steps in composing for orchestra, he chose early on to write some lighter orchestral pieces, these Serenades.

    The second was first sent to Clara Schumann, who was delighted by it. At that time, Brahms was also working on his Piano Concerto No. Originally scored for wind and string octet and then expanded into a longer work for chamber nonet, the serenade was later adapted for orchestra;[3][4] Brahms completed the final version for large orchestra in December He set five poems by different authors, mostly contemporary poets, for a lower voice and piano.

    Simrock published the work in He probably composed the songs with the voice of Hermine Spies in mind,[2] who privately sang some of them for him. Two Motets Zwei Motetten , Op. Why has light been given to the weary of soul? The two motets were published by N. Simrock in December and dedicated to Philipp Spitta. History Brahms composed the two motets based on Biblical texts and chorales but without a liturgical occasion in mind. As for his earlier Ein deutsc.

    Johannes Brahms

    Composed in , the work commemorates the death of Brahms's mother, Christiane, earlier that year. However, it draws on a theme which Brahms had composed twelve years previously but did not publish at the time. The Horn Trio was the last chamber piece Brahms wrote for the next eight years. The timbre of the natural horn is more somber and melancholic than the valve horn and creates a much different mood.

    Brahms himself, however, believed that the open tones of the natural horn had a fuller quality than those produced by valves. Nineteenth-century listeners associated the sound of the natural horn with nature and the calls o. The Violin Sonata No. It was a very fertile and refreshing time for Brahms.

    His friend, the Swiss pastor and poet Josef Victor Widmann — , lived in Berne and they visited each other. Both Groth and Brahms were somewhat enamoured of Spies. In a short space of time, he produced, in addition to this violin sonata, the Cello Sonata No. The second Violin Sonata is the shortest[2] and is considered the most lyrical of Brahms's three violin sonatas. It is also considered the most difficult of the three to br. Despite being his first published work, he had actually composed his Piano Sonata No.

    Schumann had already praised Brahms enthusiastically, and the sonata shows signs of an effort to impress in its technical demands and dramatic character. It was dedicated to Joseph Joachim. The opening of the first theme resembles the o. The work was written in the summer of at Wiesbaden, nearly six years after he completed his Symphony No. The premiere performance was given on 2 December by the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra, under the direction of Hans Richter.

    It is the shortest of Brahms' four symphonies; a typical performance lasts between 30 and 40 minutes. Instrumentation The symphony is scored for two flutes, two oboes, two clarinets, two bassoons, a contrabassoon, four horns, two trumpets, three trombones, timpani, and strings. Johannes Brahms' String Sextet No. It was first performed in Boston, Massachusetts on October 11, According to Brahms' biographer Karl Geiringer, it conceals a reference to the first name of Agathe von Siebold with whom he was infatuated at the time in the first movement, bars —, with the notes a-g-a-h-e.

    Swedish composer Kurt Atterberg arranged the sextet for string orchestra in Popular c. They are also known as Neue Liebesliederwalzer. Neue Liebeslieder were written during the Romantic period between and The text of the songs is adapted from folk songs of various areas of Europe including Turkey, Poland, Latvia and Sicily. Neue Liebeslieder were written following the success of the popular Liebeslieder Waltzes, Op. Musical aspects The Neue Liebeslieder differs from the earlier Liebeslieder in that the ensemble sections of the work are separated by two solo songs for the individual members of the quartet.

    Although this piece was originally written for a quartet, Neue Liebesli. Johannes Brahms's String Quartet No. They are dedicated to his friend Theodor Billroth. Composition Brahms was slow in writing his first two string quartets. We know from a letter from Joseph Joachim that a C minor quartet was in progress in , but it may not have been the same work that would become Op. Four years before publication, however, in , we know for certain that the two quartets were complete enough to be played through.

    But the composer remained unsatisfied. Years passed. New practice runs then occurred in Munich, probably in June , and Brahms ventured south of the city to the small lakeside town of Tutzing for a summer respite. He was 40 years old at the time of pu. Its composition was brief in comparison with the 21 years it took Brahms to complete his First Symphony. The symphony is scored for 2 flutes, 2 oboes, 2 clarinets, 2 bassoons, 4 horns, 2 trumpets, 3 trombones, tuba, timpani, and strings.

    I have never written anything so sad, and the score must come out in mourning. It was first published in Fourth movement Allegro molto; a rondo. Notes "About - Johannes Brahms. The Double Concerto in A minor, Op.

    16 Waltzes, Op.39 (Brahms, Johannes)

    The orchestra consists of 2 flutes, 2 oboes, 2 clarinets, 2 bassoons, 4 horns, 2 trumpets, timpani and strings. Origin of the work The Double Concerto was Brahms' final work for orchestra. The concerto was, in part, a gesture of reconciliation towards Joachim, after their long friendship had ruptured following Joachim's divorce from his wife Amalie. Johannes Brahms' String Quintet No. It is a "viola quintet" in that it is scored for string quartet with a second viola.

    Brahms composed the work in three movements: Allegro non troppo ma con brio In sonata form. The first subject group is in F major, while the second is in A major, the first of the "pervasive mediant relationships" in this work. The first theme is based on a sarabande Brahms wrote in , while the second theme is based on a gavotte that he wrote in the same year.

    The final key of the previous movement. Despite being his second published work, it was actually composed before his Piano Sonata No. Schumann had already praised Brahms enthusiastically, and the sonata shows signs of an effort to impress, with its technical demands and highly dramatic nature. It was dedicated to Clara Schumann. The dotted rhythm motif from the two songs is not only directly quoted as a leading theme in the third movement of this sonata but also constantly appearing as fragmented rh. This article is about music-related events in Events January 1 — Hector Berlioz completes his Memoirs.

    It is the first public performance of Tchaikovsky's music. December 17 — Franz Schubert's Unfinished Symphony debuts in Vienna, 43 years after of its composition.


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    Sixteen Waltzes, Op. Palmer, John. Also available at Sixteen Waltzes, Op. Nineteenth-Century Piano Music , p. Liebeslieder Waltzes, Op. Rhapsodies, Op. Brahms has been considered, by his contemporarie Folders related to Johannes Brahms: 19th-century German musicians Revolvy Brain revolvybrain German male pianists Revolvy Brain revolvybrain Male pianists Revolvy Brain revolvybrain. Ballades, Op. And Folders related to Ballades, Op. List of compositions by Johannes Brahms by opus number topic Portrait of Johannes Brahms The following is a list of compositions by the composer Johannes Brahms 7 May "3 April classified by opus number Op.

    Four Pieces for Piano, Op. List of compositions by Johannes Brahms by genre topic Portrait of Johannes Brahms The following is a list of compositions by the composer Johannes Brahms classified by genre including all the works to which he assigned an opus number. Cello Sonata No.