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Contact Us. June 01, Sex and musculoskeletal health: differences between males and females extend to their bone and joint conditions. The paper also underscores how important it is, for healthcare professionals to understand those differences and recognize how multiple factors can contribute to musculoskeletal conditions and injuries.

Females are times more likely than males to suffer an ACL injury in high-intensity sports like soccer and basketball that require sudden changes of motion. Ankle sprains are twice as common in females. Osteoarthritis of the knee is more common in females. Calcitonin: from the determination of circulatinglevels in various physiological and pathological conditions to thedemonstration of lymphocyte receptors.

Horm Res. Tiegs, R. Secretion and metabolism of monomeric human calcitonin: effects of age, sex, and thyroid damage. Krall, E. Bone mineral density and biochemical markers of bone turnover in healthy elderly men and women. Lehmann, R. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry at the lumbar spine in German men and women: a cross-sectional study.

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Burger, H. The association between age and bone mineral density in men and women aged 55 years and over: the Rotterdam Study.

Fact Sheet: Sex Differences in Musculoskeletal Health | Society for Women's Health Research

Bone Miner. Katzburg, S.

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Isolation and hormonal responsiveness of primary cultures of human bone- derived cells: gender and age differences. Arab, L. J Am Diet Assoc. Leveille, S. Sex differences in musculoskeletal pain in older adults.

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About Fibromyalgia. National Fibromyalgia Association. Doherty, T. The influence of aging and sex on skeletal muscle mass and strength. Krivickas, L. Age- and gender-related differences in maximum shortening velocity of skeletal muscle fibers. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. Paradowski, P. Knee complaints vary with age andgender in the adult population.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord. Cowley, H.

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Differences in neuromuscular strategies between landing and cutting tasks in female basketball and soccer athletes. J Athl Train. Heitz, N. Email Address. You may unsubscribe via the link found at the bottom of every email. See our Email Privacy Policy for details. Emails are serviced by Constant Contact. Contact Us Newsletter Gala Donate. Osteoarthritis Epidemiology Osteoarthritis OA , which is characterized by late-onset degeneration of cartilage leading to pain, stiffness, and disability, 1 affects nearly 21 million Americans.

Risk factors include hormonal status, bone density, nutrition, obesity, past history of trauma, race, occupation,joint deformity, and knee meniscetomy. Genetics also play a role in OA,with potential differences in genetic risk at different skeletal sitesand between the sexes. Although epidemiological studies have demonstrated anincreased prevalence of OA in perimenopausal women, studies have notconsistently linked lifetime exposure to estrogen, including effects ofmenopausal hormone therapy, to protection against OA. This finding may help explain whywomen over 50 are more at risk for OA of this joint.

However, womenare less likely to undergo arthroplasty or discuss the possibility ofsurgery with their physician. Once referred,however, women are equally likely as men to undergo the procedure. The authors state that this sex difference could be due to thegreater likelihood of women to use prescription medications, but caution that further studies are necessary to clarify the difference. Also, the data suggest that men could be underutilizing important medications for pain or women may be overusing these drugs, which could be substitutedfor other agents that cause fewer gastrointestinal adverse events.

In women, the most important determinant of BMD is menopause. Inpre- and peri-menopausal women, low BMD can result from inability toaccrue peak bone mass, loss of bone mass, or both. Studies have shown that a maternal history of hip fracturecorrelates with a lower BMD in women; these women are also more likelyto have hip fractures themselves. Female Sex Women are more susceptible than men to osteoporosis because theybegin with less bone mass and lose it at a somewhat faster rate.

Musculoskeletal Research

Infant boys havehigher BMD and bone mineral content than infant girls, 23 and this sex difference continues into adulthood. Alcohol also disruptscalcium and vitamin D metabolism. However, some have shown that caffeine increases calcium excretion, bone loss, and fracture risk. What many employers may not know is that physical therapists can keep employees healthy by successfully treating many common discomforts and, most importantly, prevent them from occurring in the first place.

Most adults spend a majority of their time at work.

Pay close attention to the postures and positions that the body takes while working. Whether the job involves sitting or being active, there are always considerations. Computer workstations and chairs need to be adjusted specifically for the person who is using them.