If you count seventy Pentecosts from that Year you end up at , with Messiah coming in the 69th year, being The layers of prophecy are astounding. He is coming soon. I like your thoughts on the Temple being restored, hence, Hannukah. That makes a lot of sense. I am positing the idea that the temple of God in heaven currently will leave the holy city and be upon the earth during the millennium.
As far as the 2nd coming in I hope that you are right! I like your dates better, but can you prove that biblically? Thank you for the reply Doug. While I have my own thoughts on the End Times, they laid the foundation to any other thoughts that I can piece together. I just thought it was interesting that in you have the same decree to restore Jerusalem and the blood moons in the middle of all of it. I figured it was an important teaching to share with everyone. I tried sharing it on another site and the entire thread was deleted.
I have also considered by as well, since this would be the generation after and Israel being restored. One thing everyone can agree on is He is most certainly coming in our time. I have been blessed by your teachings and my family as well, and I am sure this teaching will bless you. Here is the link. They are honest men, who are humble enough to correct themselves based on insights of others and tell everyone to actually see if their teachings hold up to Scripture. I highly recommend this teaching. It has also blessed us in so many ways.
You can verify everything by research. I have done my own research on these matters and everything lines up perfectly. I hope this helps. Also, I will certainly look into your paper on the Fig Tree budding. The fact that Jesus says that the day and hour of heaven and earth is unknown to all but the Father, and the Second Coming is different from it leads me to believe in the New Earth after the Millennium.
Yet as you have provided verses to the contrary this will take some prayer and consideration. Same thing with the Gog and Magog War. A very difficult two chapters in Ezekiel since on the one hand this conflict involves certain nations and not all nations, and yet on the other has a few parallels to the Great Day of God almighty. Then on another note, He mentions the House of Israel being in the land again, which makes me think it at least one of the two chapters is about the Millennial Gog Magog War.
What are your thoughts on this conflict? It is a very difficult verse to decipher without serious prayer and study and it has been on my mind for weeks especially with the Gaza conflict that had heated up. May God bless you in all you do Doug, and thank you for your insights. Many men do not want to go where you and I go. It is quite saddening. The timing reads similarly after many days, in the latter years, when the thousand years are ended, etc.
Whaddya think, Bryan, Doug? Am I onto something, or has listening to too much Barry Manilow rotted my brain? Well Paul, I have noticed something about Gog and Magog. Ezekiel 38 seems to parallel Revelation 20 quite well. Notice that both accounts end in a different manner of defeat for Gog and his armies. Also it just so happens the inhabitants in the land are also counted as different and in different circumstances.
This is just my theory, yet it seems to fit. Here we see that Israel is regathered from many people all of them including the exiled House of Israel. This war ends in fire for Gog. Then in Ezekiel 39, we notice that the exiles of the House of Israel the northern 10 tribes are not yet dwelling safely in the land and are actually from that day forward coming to know Him as their God.
This is the day I have spoken of He says. Notice that the House of Israel is burying the bodies. Notice that the birds are filled with the flesh of the slain and that this time it says they fall on the open field instead of the fire and brimstone from Chapter So we know that the events described seem to be separate timings since in one case the House of Israel is there dwelling safely regathered, and in the other case they come to know Him and cleanse the land for seven months after the slaughter.
So it could be that Ezekiel 38 parallels Revelation 20 and Ezekiel 39 actually seems to parallel the Battle in the Valley of Jehoshaphat where Christ defeats the armies of Antichrist. Since the text in Ezekiel 38 says that Israel is regathered and living safely, it cannot be that this is the war between Christ and all nations. We know that the Gentiles trample Jerusalem for 42 months or days from Revelation Far from living in safety.
So in short 39 seems to be years before This is of course conjecture on my part but if you understand the Two Houses of Israel Scripture becomes a lot clearer. They were divorced for their sins and harlotry and because of the Messiah they can be grafted in and brought back to the covenants of promise. He came for His lost sheep. Eze And seven months shall the house of Israel be burying of them, that they may cleanse the land. Eze Yea, all the people of the land shall bury them; and it shall be to them a renown the day that I shall be glorified, saith the Lord GOD.
Eze And they shall sever out men of continual employment, passing through the land to bury with the passengers those that remain upon the face of the earth, to cleanse it: after the end of seven months shall they search. Eze And also the name of the city shall be Hamonah. Thus shall they cleanse the land. Eze And, thou son of man, thus saith the Lord GOD; Speak unto every feathered fowl, and to every beast of the field, Assemble yourselves, and come; gather yourselves on every side to my sacrifice that I do sacrifice for you, even a great sacrifice upon the mountains of Israel, that ye may eat flesh, and drink blood.
Eze Ye shall eat the flesh of the mighty, and drink the blood of the princes of the earth, of rams, of lambs, and of goats, of bullocks, all of them fatlings of Bashan. Eze And ye shall eat fat till ye be full, and drink blood till ye be drunken, of my sacrifice which I have sacrificed for you. Eze Thus ye shall be filled at my table with horses and chariots, with mighty men, and with all men of war, saith the Lord GOD.
- Vaal skill.
- The Columbia Guide to Contemporary African American Fiction (The Columbia Guides to Literature Since 1945).
- Curses Upon Mine Enemies:3rd Millennium Edition?
Eze And I will set my glory among the heathen, and all the heathen shall see my judgment that I have executed, and my hand that I have laid upon them. Eze And the heathen shall know that the house of Israel went into captivity for their iniquity: because they trespassed against me, therefore hid I my face from them, and gave them into the hand of their enemies: so fell they all by the sword. Eze According to their uncleanness and according to their transgressions have I done unto them, and hid my face from them. Eze Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; Now will I bring again the captivity of Jacob, and have mercy upon the whole house of Israel, and will be jealous for my holy name; Eze After that they have borne their shame, and all their trespasses whereby they have trespassed against me, when they dwelt safely in their land, and none made them afraid.
Anyway, here are my thoughts about what you wrote…. The apparent differences between the two accounts are due, I think, merely to the fact that the Revelation account is so much terser than that in Ezekiel a couple of verses in Revelation as opposed to two whole chapters in Ezekiel , and so the Revelation account merely gives the salient points.
Can you tell me more about what you believe, here? It sounds interesting…. Oh, sure Paul! To start off with I do not advocate British Israelism. It is flawed by specifying that the Lost Tribes are only a few ethnic groups of English peoples instead of a multitude of nations, and is very racial in presentation.
To begin, Two House Theology for lack of a better description is a scriptural concept that actually makes the Bible even more alive and easier to piece together. Let me start from the beginning. First we have a prophecy in Genesis. Ephraim is synonymous with the northern 10 tribes of Israel, and Judah is synonymous with the tribes of Judah and Benjamin, making the northern tribes the House of Israel under King Jeroboam, and the House of Judah under King Rehoboam.
Rehoboam was the son of Solomon and grandchild of David. Jeroboam became king in the northern kingdom after Solomon decided to go after other gods being enticed by his wives to follow after them. So after the days of Solomon, the rebellion occured. The 10 tribes besides Judah and Benjamin refused to be under Rehoboam due to his failing to remove the burden that Solomon put upon them. So they rebelled and formed the Northern Kingdom of Israel with Jeroboam as king.
This can be found in 1 Kings since I do not want to flood the post with Scripture for ease of reading. So the House of Judah prepared to fight the House of Israel, yet God said that this was all His plan already and that it was from Him that this happened. Jeroboam changed the Law and removed Levites from service and set up idols and whored after other gods. Now let us look at a remarkable thing. After even the House of Judah was taken into captivity, they returned from Babylon yet the House of Israel never did.
A few of the number of them came back for three years or so, yet even this did not last. So at least until years had passed they could not return, since a generation 10 times would be years. By the Law of Moses they were defiled illegitimate children for their deeds. Yet even then they did not hearken, so the punishment from Leviticus of seven times over comes into play.
Leaving us with around as the timeframe to restore the kingdom. Yet it is evident from heavenly signs and Scriptural evidence that the Messiah is most likely coming back in Yet God prophesied that they would again be called His people and that the two kingdoms would become one again. That the House of Israel would be sifted among the Gentiles, and thus the prophecy is fulfilled of Ephraim becoming a multitude of nations. They became Gentiles after being divorced by Yahweh. And I will join with it the stick of Judah, and make them one stick, that they may be one in My hand.
And one king shall be king over them all, and they shall be no longer two nations, and no longer divided into two kingdoms. But I will save them from all the backslidings in which they have sinned, and will cleanse them; and they shall be My people, and I will be their God. They shall walk in My rules and be careful to obey My statutes. It shall be an everlasting covenant with them. And I will set them in their land and multiply them, and will set My sanctuary in their midst forevermore.
Psalm 17; Psalm 35; Psalm 54; Psalm 63
Jeremiah describes the New Covenant for both Judah and Israel, and the Messiah would be brought forth to confirm this covenant. It would break His Law of divorce and remarriage to the same husband. How is this possible? How can this prophecy even come to pass and God still be holy? God does not change and will not break His own Law. So how can this happen? This is the mystery of the Gospel. Paul teaches us this mystery in Romans Chapter 7.
But if the husband dies, she is released from the law of her husband. So Jesus came for the sins of all mankind, and to defeat death and Satan, and also for another purpose. He came to reconcile and graft in the exiles of the House of Israel back into the covenants of promise and thus back into Israel. Is this not astounding? Since the Messiah died, and rose again, the Law in Deuteronomy was lifted, and thus made the remarriage again legal to do!
This is what the Marriage Supper of the Lamb in Revelation is about. Yahweh came in the flesh as Yahushua the Son of God, in order to save mankind and restore the House of Israel back! The mystery of the Gospel is finally revealed by Paul. I hope this helps explain what I believe to be the truth from the Scriptures.
So next time someone says Jews remember that Jews are only a small part of Israel. The rest of them are being called back to Him especially now. This is not to say that only the descendants of the House of Israel are savable for all mankind is given the grace of salvation by grace through faith, but we are grafted into Israel as in Romans 11 and the olive tree that Paul is talking about. Sorry this post was so long, but hopefully this explains everything. Blessings my friends, and Doug have you reviewed the link I a gave you and come to any conclusions yet? It is certainly quite amazing and I hope it has blessed you and given more insight into End Times.
The other two references could indeed be to Judeans in the Diaspora particularly the first, since Peter was the Apostle to the Jews , but considering them together with James, one begins to wonder whether they might indeed be addressing lost Israel. It sure is interesting…. It has been a long journey of Scriptural discovery, and we are never done haha. Yes Jim Staley has a similar teaching about this subject, but does not touch on all the verses. The illegitimate children verse was just interesting and could be taken that way.
It is not definite, just interesting. What I was trying to convey was this:. So from Ezekiel Chapter 4 we have a number for the House of Israel to bear their guilt and sin. The number of days he is told to lie on his side as a demonstration is days which God says are the number of years.
So years. So we would end up with around BC to BC. Obviously this still did not happen at that time, and the Messiah had not even yet come to make it possible. Since they were still exiled the law in Leviticus 26 of seven times over punishment applies to them, and a diligent person who earnestly seeks the creator shall understand how to apply the Scriptures to other ones. Isaiah comes to mind.
By applying this law to the House of Israel we then end up taking years times seven coming out to 2, years. Since there is no 0 year like you said and it goes 1 BC to 1 AD, we end up surprisingly to our time now. We cannot be a Gentile believer in the Messiah, because through Him we are saved and thus, a part of Israel.
They are the same before the LORD. I think the math adds up quite well. Like Doug pointed out earlier, is the latest year that Christ could return, since the generation 70 to 80 years that sees Israel restored as a nation is the same to witness the Second Coming. Like ministries discovered in their End of Days teachings, Daniels 70 Weeks seem to point to as the year the Messiah returns, as does the creation itself. Often times prophecies have multiple fulfilments. Yet this was a gift from the Father to see, and those who seek Him really do find Him.
Its amazing how what God gives each of us in revelation about Himself and His Scriptures edifies the findings of others, making everything work for the good of those who love Him. Now as for how I personally see the regathering of the exiles of the House of Israel, notice this verse in Matthew about the Second Coming.
The Year Millennium Following Jesus' Second Coming
Then also these other ones. Perhaps the Two Witnesses will have something to do with a Second Exodus much like Moses did in the first. They seem to be prophets of judgment on the nations and seem to have more miraculous powers than all before them to the extent that they please. Just a theory though.
What are your thoughts on the New Heavens and Earth though? I think I might have been getting carried away! They certainly have their critics the obvious accusation being that they are modern-day Judaisers trying to put Gentiles and Jews alike back under the Law , although I understand their position is that Salvation is still through faith, and that true, saving faith brings with it a desire to explore the Torah and to observe pretty much all the Law apart from the sections which Christ fulfilled e.
I noticed also that they frequently seem to use unfamiliar translations of famous verses, without quoting the source of the translation.
This makes me wonder how faithfully they are handling Scripture. What do you think of them Doug? By the way, is this site loading slowly for you? The Scriptures certainly come alive when one understands that the House of Israel has nothing to do with Jews and are separate. No, you are not getting carried away. You just have eyes to see and ears to hear my friend.
More ministries need to be that way, instead of being closed to Dispensationalism not necessarily being the only way to interpret Scripture. Galatians is a little difficult to decipher, since most people do not understand the context in which the letter was given. The sect that Paul was against was saying that Gentile converts had to observe the Law to be saved, which is a false Gospel of works.
They had to do a certain number of things before they were considered saved, and the Jews in the sect were trying just to get a notch in their belt and brag about converts. Paul is trying to clarify that grace through faith in the Messiah saves as it always has even Adam and Eve believed in the promise of redemption by Christ, and that following the Law is out of loving God back and love instead of legalistic principles. Following the Law makes our faith alive and perfect living faith. Faith without works is dead.
You do what you believe to be true, and you believe in what you do. Not just do. The letter of the Law is not what the point is. It is the attitude and state of heart in obeying the Law. It is pointless if it is just to observe it by letter. Does this make sense? He is explaining that legalism is bondage and that the real Gospel is freedom. They were trying to say that circumcision and the Law saves instead of faith first. Faith is required of us for salvation, and salvation is accompanied by the Law. Doug has done a great job on this article. The site seems to be server related as I have had a few issues.
My own church background is Reformed i. Calvinistic , wherein Covenant Theology rules and Dispensationalism is generally looked upon with amusement although without much interest or curiosity. The context is about the actual fir trees and cedars evergreen trees rejoicing over the oppressor and the golden city ceasing to exist and the king of Babylon. Scriptures are often cyclical and sometimes have two or more fulfillments. They were simply noticing a parallel to Babylon falling also in End Times and evergreen trees ancient pagans would use them to worship the sun gods being happy and rejoicing.
Of course pagan nations would use them in worshiping their gods, even to this day. An interesting parallel and nothing more really. Yet of course Christ would abolish Christmas in His Kingdom, considering it has nothing to really do with Him. He was born in the fall most likely on the Feast of Tabernacles God dwelling with men.
I was trying to say that Dispensationalism is actually very flawed. God Himself says in Malachi chapter 3 that He does not change. He does not deal with men differently based on the time period we are living in, but is the same yesterday, today, and forever. Calvinism is indeed seriously in error also, because it teaches that God destined some men for eternal damnation and some for salvation because we are radically depraved total depravation.
They use some verses like in Genesis 6 where the heart of man is evil continually in the context of fallen angels teaching them technology and mixing DNA as a huge support, yet forget the context. This annhilates any chance for salvation by grace through faith, because faith and grace are where salvation comes from in the Messiah, and this is a choice on our part, wheras He may lead us to Him in whatever way possible.
The Messiah can also be rejected, thus free will has a role. Take Paul for example. He used to persecute the believers, and then ended up being a great apostle. Both sides of the issue rather than one in his case. There are many failed predictions because many people outright reject the Feast Days of Yahweh, which are for all men, not Jews. Pre Trib is very ear tickling and what men want to hear. Pre Trib would go against the Biblical pattern of trials and tribulations in the biggest way possible.
It also allows people to stick every verse in Revelation about persectution of believers on Jews. This makes no sense at all, since the Bible is clear that we will go through this time over and over. I dismiss the concept of Dispensationalism on the fact that God never changes, not on the rapture , since that sorts itself out separately. I know many pre tribbers are sincere, but a biblical study shows the Day of the LORD the same as the meeting Christ in the clouds. Two Houses of Israel makes the Bible a lot more easy to decipher, and can help sort out timing of certain prophecies and help us envision the purposes of God a whole lot better.
Thanks for clearing up your position. God indeed is the same yesterday, today and forever. However, His Word to us, Holy Scripture, shows us that rather than giving us everything in one hit, He has instead gradually unveiled His Truth to mankind throughout the ages so-called progressive revelation , and He deals with mankind in view of the light He has given them. The verses they use to back up this claim are sound. It is very important to note that the verse you mention in Genesis 6 was not only for the pre-Flood Nephilim-ridden world: it is repeated immediately after the Flood, at the end of Genesis 8 — in case we post-Flood folks get too pleased with ourselves!
The fatal problem with Calvinism is the one you identified — free will. An unbeliever has free will and, even though he is a sinner, he can change his mind about his sin and start to hate it, and hate this sinful world, and mourn over how bad he is, and how wicked the world is, and begin to hunger and thirst for righteousness, humbling himself over his sin and repenting. God is still the one who calls us to Christ, and it is He who saves us, not ourselves. The world says this is evil.
But God states that punishment is right. With whom should we agree? Such questions make Christians squirm, unfortunately. It should not be so! Talk about shooting ourselves in the foot…. We are in times of great lawlessness. Obviously, they failed in their date-set. This is why they sent out an apology letter that I got.
And this line of thinking completely ignored the imagery we have in the ancient Jewish wedding traditions Jesus was fond of referencing with respect to Last Days. The bride is hidden away for a week, not 3. No where in scripture is a grouping referred to as a week, whether a literal 7-day week or a week of years or what have you ever referred to as meaning 3. Btw, there is a Mid Trib Revelation 12 sign in the heavens that does occur exactly on Feast of Trumpets , which would put the 2nd Coming days later and the rapture or better, before that date.
Thanks for spending the time to explain all that — it must have taken you ages to write, and I appreciate it. It was indeed very interesting, and now I have to chew it over properly. I must say that it sounds right : I first heard something similar in a video by a guy called Jim Staley which I found on the Face Like The Sun website. What then does this mean? That there are a vast multitude of people amongst the Gentile nations who are, unbeknownst to them, ethnic Israelites?
People who believe themselves to be Gentiles, and who live like Gentiles, yet who are in fact the descendants of the northern tribes? Judgement of the northern kingdom took place in around B. One would need a generation to be around 40 years for a date closer to ours. However, I understand that prophetic years were days. So, according to my very rough calculations, Jesus should be showing up around twenty-five years from now, in the autumn of !
This does also seem to be a late date for The Second Coming, when compared with the dates given by most prophecy teachers. Certainly, when I read that God will seal twelve thousand righteous Israelites from each of the twelve tribes, Israel as currently incarnated is really not going to cut it! Particularly when one reads the description of them at the start of Revelation 14! Zech says Jesus will build that one. Zech 8 describes a temple yet to come and the young men are described to be strong for the work of the temple yet to be built. The 3rd temple was desecrated.
So therefore, the day that no man knows the day or hour of is the day of the heavens passing away and a New Earth not the day He returns. Notice He says that if the owner knew what time the thief was coming instead of only knowing because the thief actually came. So He is spelling it out in clear detail that we will know the day of His return if we watch. With that said, September 1st from August 31st evening to September 1 evening seems like the most likely date of all dates. All signs line up perfectly and will never do so again. Revelation The earth is violently broken , The earth is split open , The earth is shaken exceedingly.
Isaiah The earth shall reel to and fro like a drunkard, And shall totter like a hut; Its transgression shall be heavy upon it, And it will fall, and not rise again. Isaiah The one sitting on it is called Faithful and True, and in righteousness he judges and makes war. Whereas Peter stated that the elements would melt with fervent heat, the Psalmist described it as:. Psalms If we should ask why will the earth begin to melt, the answer is that his return is when the earth is finally exposed to his great fiery-lightning presence. Therefore, we see that the heavens pass away and the earth is utterly devastated at the second coming and thus a new heavens and new earth are absolutely necessary.
Isa What definitively demonstrates that the new heavens and earth in this passage is during the millennium is from verse 20 which states that death will still be possible. Commentators have either glossed over this passage or, in the case of the Pulpit commentary, have suggested that Isaiah was confused! That idea is based on the suggestion of Delitzsch who suggested that there would be three ages:. The first age, or ordinary human life, as we have hitherto known it a checkered scene of sin and holiness, of happiness and misery, of sorrow and rejoicing.
And the third age, or a final state of happiness in heaven; or the heavenly Jerusalem, when death will be destroyed, and sin will be no more, and tears will be wiped from all eyes, and the former things will be passed away altogether. Rev The three ages are distinctly marked only in the apocalyptic vision of St. John the divine. Re 20 Re 21 Isaiah and the other Old Testament prophets have an indistinct view, in which the second age and the third age are confused together , the characteristics being chiefly those of Age II, but some of the characteristics of Age III being intermingled.
The Pulpit Commentary, — , Isaiah God further underscores this reality by stating in Isaiah Once we see that the new heavens and new earth must go at the beginning of the millennium so many other pieces of our end-times puzzle fit into place. The key is to take things literally. I suggest that replacement theology, which has permeated our theology more than we realize, has gotten us off track on the timing of the new heavens and earth.
God promised that he will establish the kingdom and the Jews would be the head and not the tail and that kingdom, would never, ever pass away. Dan The great tribulation The second coming The judgment of the nations separation of the sheep and the goats Mat , Joel The new heavens and and the new earth possibly before the judgment of Joel The millennium, Jesus ruling with a rod of iron Isa 11, Rev The Great White Throne Judgment The rethinking of when the new heavens and new earth occur takes time to accept.
But then I just kept seeing it in Scripture. In the end, the plain interpretation of Scripture won. Dear friend Your post is so helpful,it give me much help,thank you! Douglas September 19, at pm. Bruno Frohlich November 4, at am. Please, help me with that, brother! Thanks and regards from Brazil! David D. Reynolds March 25, at am. HollyRB September 3, at pm.
Elle September 2, at am. Elle September 4, at am. Hi Douglas, I retract my former understanding.
- Aint That A Kick In The Head.
- Psalm 17; Psalm 35; Psalm 54; Psalm 63 - Good News Translation - GNT - Bible Study Tools.
- Cybernetics in the 3rd Millennium Vol. 5 No. 3 May .
Now I will give my timeline. God Bless, Elle. DayVid May 2, at pm. Revelation …. Douglas May 2, at pm.
Get Your Free Publishing Guide Today
Sam May 3, at pm. David Reynolds August 3, at pm. Alan December 22, at am. Peter November 28, at am. Greetings from W. Help me out. Mique November 29, at pm. David Reynolds November 28, at pm. Richard A November 27, at am. We are grafted in and we are taken with those who are hidden away Isa Lookingup November 27, at am. LookingUp November 27, at pm.
Paul December 6, at pm. Good reply. Bryan December 11, at pm. Doug, Here are some thoughts just to take note of. Thank you for your time, Blessings and Shalom Bryan. Doug Hamp December 11, at pm. Hi Bryan, I really appreciate your feedback — which is why I posted all of this. Paul December 13, at am. Can I jump in? God bless, Paul. Doug Hamp December 13, at am. Paul December 13, at pm. James L March 28, at pm. Dave Reynolds April 6, at pm. Bryan December 2, at am.
Isaiah 20 19Thy dead men shall live, together with my dead body shall they arise. Paul December 2, at pm. Bryan December 3, at pm. Paul December 5, at pm. Hi Bryan. Bryan December 5, at pm. As for more New Testament proof of the exiles of Israel, here are some Scriptures to consider. Bryan December 6, at pm. Paul December 9, at am. The key to this understanding is the "seventy weeks prophecy" in the book of Daniel.
The Prophecy of Seventy Septets or literally 'seventy times seven' appears in the angel Gabriel 's reply to Daniel, beginning with verse 22 and ending with verse 27 in the ninth chapter of the Book of Daniel ,  a work included in both the Jewish Tanakh and the Christian Bible ; as well as the Septuagint. The prophet has a vision of the angel Gabriel, who tells him, "Seventy weeks are determined for your people and for your holy city i. The first sixty-nine weeks are interpreted as covering the period until Christ's first coming, but the last week is thought to represent the years of the tribulation which will come at the end of this age, directly preceding the millennial age of peace:.
This is an obscure prophecy, but in combination with other passages, it has been interpreted to mean that the "prince who is to come" will make a seven-year covenant with Israel that will allow the rebuilding of the temple and the reinstitution of sacrifices, but "in the middle of the week", he will break the agreement and set up an idol of himself in the temple and force people to worship it—the "abomination of desolation". Paul writes:. The rapture is an eschatological term used by certain Christians, particularly within branches of North American evangelicalism , referring to an end time event when all Christian believers — living and dead — will rise into Heaven and join Christ.
Though it has been used differently in the past, the term is now often used by certain believers to distinguish this particular event from the Second Coming of Jesus Christ to Earth mentioned in Second Thessalonians , Gospel of Matthew , First Corinthians , and Revelation , usually viewing it as preceding the Second Coming and followed by a thousand-year millennial kingdom. The term "rapture" is especially useful in discussing or disputing the exact timing or the scope of the event, particularly when asserting the "pre-tribulation" view that the rapture will occur before, not during, the Second Coming, with or without an extended Tribulation period.
There are differing views among Christians regarding the timing of Christ's return, such as whether it will occur in one event or two, and the meaning of the aerial gathering described in 1 Thessalonians 4. Many Christians do not subscribe to rapture-oriented theological views. Though the term "rapture" is derived from the text of the Latin Vulgate of 1 Thess. Pre-tribulation rapture theology originated in the eighteenth century, with the Puritan preachers Increase and Cotton Mather , and was popularized extensively in the s by John Nelson Darby   and the Plymouth Brethren ,  and further in the United States by the wide circulation of the Scofield Reference Bible in the early 20th century.
In Matthew 24 Jesus states:. These false Christs will perform great signs and are no ordinary people "For they are spirits of demons, performing signs, which go out to the kings of the earth and of the whole world, to gather them to the battle of that great day of God Almighty. And no wonder! For Satan himself transforms himself into an angel of light. Therefore it is no great thing if his ministers also transform themselves into ministers of righteousness, whose end will be according to their works.
After Jesus meets his followers "in the air", the marriage of the Lamb takes place: "Let us be glad and rejoice and give him glory, for the marriage of the Lamb has come, and his wife has made herself ready. And to her was granted that she should be arrayed in fine linen, clean and bright, for the fine linen is the righteous acts of the saints. His "wife" appears to represent the people of God, for she is dressed in the "righteous acts of the saints". As the marriage takes place, there is a great celebration in heaven which involves a "great multitude.
The word resurrection comes from the Latin resurrectus, which is the past participle of resurgere, meaning to rise again. Although the doctrine of the resurrection comes to the forefront in the New Testament, it predates the Christian era. There is an apparent reference to the resurrection in the book of Job, where Job says, "I know that my redeemer lives, and that he will stand at the latter day upon the earth.
And though Together with my dead body, they will arise. Awake and sing, you who dwell in dust, for your dew is like the dew of herbs, and the earth will cast out the dead". This belief was still common among the Jews in New Testament times, as exemplified by the passage which relates the raising of Lazarus from the dead. When Jesus told Lazarus' sister, Martha, that Lazarus would rise again, she replied, "I know that he will rise again in the resurrection at the last day. An interpretation of the New Testament is the understanding that there will be two resurrections.
Revelation says: "Blessed and holy is he who has part in the first resurrection. Over such, the second death has no power, but they will be priests of God and of Christ, and will reign with him a thousand years. The Gospel authors wrote that our resurrection bodies will be different from those we have now. Jesus said, "In the resurrection, they neither marry nor are given in marriage, but are like the angels of God in heaven. According to the Catechism of the Catholic Church the body after resurrection is changed into a spiritual, imperishable body:.
So, in him, "all of them will rise again with their own bodies which they now bear," but Christ "will change our lowly body to be like his glorious body," into a "spiritual body"  . In some ancient traditions, it was held that the person would be resurrected at the same spot they died and were buried at just as in the case of Jesus' resurrection. For example, in the early medieval biography of St Columba written by Adomnan of Iona , Columba at one point prophecies to a penitent at the monastery on Iona that his resurrection would be in Ireland and not in Iona, and this penitent later died at a monastery in Ireland and was buried there .
Although Martin Luther personally believed and taught resurrection of the dead in combination with soul sleep , this is not a mainstream teaching of Lutheranism and most Lutherans traditionally believe in resurrection of the body in combination with the immortal soul. Several churches, such as the Anabaptists and Socinians of the Reformation, then Seventh-day Adventist Church , Christadelphians , Jehovah's Witnesses , and theologians of different traditions reject the idea of the immortality of a non-physical soul as a vestige of Neoplatonism , and other pagan traditions.
In this school of thought, the dead remain dead and do not immediately progress to a Heaven , Hell , or Purgatory until a physical resurrection of some or all of the dead occurs at the end of time. Some groups, Christadelphians in particular, consider that it is not a universal resurrection , and that at this time of resurrection that the Last Judgment will take place.
Megiddo is mentioned twelve times in the Old Testament , ten times in reference to the ancient city of Megiddo , and twice with reference to "the plain of Megiddo", most probably simply meaning "the plain next to the city". The one New Testament reference to the city of Armageddon found in Revelation also makes no specific mention of any armies being predicted to one day gather in this city, but instead seems to predict only that "they will gather the kings together to Because of the seemingly highly symbolic and even cryptic language of this one New Testament passage, some Christian scholars conclude that Mount Armageddon must be an idealized location.
Rushdoony says, "There are no mountains of Megiddo, only the Plains of Megiddo. This is a deliberate destruction of the vision of any literal reference to the place. Thus, "Armageddon" would mean "Mountain of Assembly," which Jordan says is "a reference to the assembly at Mount Sinai, and to its replacement, Mount Zion. The traditional viewpoint interprets this Bible prophecy to be symbolic of the progression of the world toward the "great day of God, the Almighty" in which the great looming mountain of God's just and holy wrath is poured out against unrepentant sinners, led by Satan, in a literal end-of-the-world final confrontation.
Armageddon is the symbolic name given to this event based on scripture references regarding divine obliteration of God's enemies. The hermeneutical method supports this position by referencing Judges 4 and 5 where God miraculously destroys the enemy of His elect, Israel, at Megiddo, also called the Valley of Josaphat. Christian scholar William Hendriksen says:. For this cause, Har Magedon is the symbol of every battle in which, when the need is greatest and believers are oppressed, the Lord suddenly reveals His power in the interest of His distressed people and defeats the enemy.
When Sennacherib's , are slain by the Angel of Jehovah, that is a shadow of the final Har-Magedon. When God grants a little handful of Maccabees a glorious victory over an enemy which far outnumbers it, that is a type of Har-Magedon. Then the world, under the leadership of Satan, anti-Christian government, and anti-Christian religion — the dragon, the beast, and the false prophet — is gathered against the Church for the final battle, and the need is greatest; when God's children, oppressed on every side, cry for help; then suddenly, Christ will appear on the clouds of glory to deliver his people; that is Har-Magedon.
Millennialism from millennium , Latin for "a thousand years" , or chiliasm from the Greek equivalent , is the belief that a Golden Age or Paradise will occur on Earth prior to the final judgment and future eternal state of the " World to Come ". Christian millennialism developed out of a Christian interpretation of Jewish apocalypticism. Christian millennialist thinking is primarily based upon the Book of Revelation, specifically , [ citation needed ] which describes the vision of an angel who descended from heaven with a large chain and a key to a bottomless pit, and captured Satan, imprisoning him for a thousand years:.
He seized the dragon, that ancient serpent, who is the Devil and Satan, and bound him for a thousand years and threw him into the pit and locked and sealed it over him, so that he would deceive the nations no more, until the thousand years were ended. After that, he must be let out for a little while. The Book of Revelation then describes a series of judges who are seated on thrones, as well as his vision of the souls of those who were beheaded for their testimony in favor of Jesus and their rejection of the mark of the beast.
These souls:. The rest of the dead did not come to life until the thousand years were ended. This is the first resurrection. Blessed and holy are those who share in the first resurrection. Over these the second death has no power, but they will be priests of God and of Christ, and they will reign with him a thousand years. Thus, Revelation characterizes a millennium where Christ and the Father will rule over a theocracy of the righteous.
While there are an abundance of biblical references to such a kingdom of God throughout the Old and New Testaments, this is the only reference in the Bible to such a period lasting one thousand years. The literal belief in a thousand-year reign of Christ is a later development in Christianity, as it does not seem to have been present in first century texts.
According to the Bible, the Millennial age of peace all but closes the history of planet Earth. However, the story is not yet finished: "When the thousand years have expired, Satan will be released from his prison and will go out to deceive the nations which are in the four corners of the earth, Gog and Magog, to gather them together to battle, whose number is as the sand of the sea. There is continuing discussion over the identity of Gog and Magog. In the context of the passage, they seem to equate to something like "east and west". There is a passage in Ezekiel, however, where God says to the prophet, "Set your face against Gog, of the land of Magog, the prince of Rosh, Meshech, and Tubal, and prophesy against him.
Ezekiel says of him: "You will ascend, coming like a storm, covering the land like a cloud, you and all your troops and many peoples with you Despite this huge show of force, the battle will be short-lived, for Ezekiel, Daniel, and Revelation all say that this last desperate attempt to destroy the people and the city of God will end in disaster: "I will bring him to judgment with pestilence and bloodshed. I will rain down on him and on his troops, and on the many peoples who are with him: flooding rain, great hailstones, fire and brimstone. Following the defeat of Gog, the last judgment begins: "The devil, who deceived them, was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone where the beast and the false prophet are, and they will be tormented day and night forever and ever.
Following Satan's consignment to the lake of fire, his followers come up for judgment. This is the "second resurrection", and all those who were not a part of the first resurrection at the coming of Christ now rise up for judgment:. I saw a great white throne and him who sat on it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away, and there was found no place for them.
And the sea gave up the dead who were in it, and Death and Hades delivered up the dead who were in them. And they were judged, each one according to his works. And Death and Hades were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death. And anyone not found written in the Book of Life was cast into the lake of fire. John had earlier written, "Blessed and holy is he who has part in the first resurrection.
Over such the second death has no power. Due to the description of the seat upon which the Lord sits, this final judgment is often referred to as the Great White Throne Judgment. A decisive factor in the Last Judgement will be the question, if the corporal works of mercy were practiced or not during lifetime. They rate as important acts of charity. Therefore, and according to the biblical sources Mt , the conjunction of the Last Judgement and the works of mercy is very frequent in the pictorial tradition of Christian art.
But, in accordance with his promise , we wait for new heavens and a new earth, where righteousness is at home 2 Peter The basic difference with the promises of the Old Testament is that in Revelation they also have an ontological value Rev ;4 : "Then I saw 'a new heaven and a new earth,' for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away, and there was no longer any sea The focus turns to one city in particular, the New Jerusalem. Once again, we see the imagery of the marriage: "I, John, saw the holy city, New Jerusalem, coming down from God out of heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband.
Nor is there a need for the sun to give its light, "for the glory of God illuminated it, and the Lamb is its light". There will be no more death, nor sorrow, nor crying; and there will be no more pain, for the former things have passed away. The city itself has a large wall with twelve gates in it which are never shut, and which have the names of the twelve tribes of Israel written on them.
Each of the gates is made of a single pearl, and there is an angel standing in each one. The wall also has twelve foundations which are adorned with precious stones, and upon the foundations are written the names of the twelve apostles. The gates and foundations are often interpreted [ who? The city and its streets are pure gold, but not like the gold we know, for this gold is described as being like clear glass. The city is square in shape, and is twelve thousand furlongs long and wide fifteen hundred miles.
If these are comparable to earthly measurements, the city will cover an area about half the size of the contiguous United States. The height is the same as the length and breadth, and although this has led most people to conclude that it is shaped like a cube, it could also be a pyramid. The city has a river which proceeds "out of the throne of God and of the Lamb. The last time we saw the tree of life was in the Garden of Eden.
Genesis says that the earth was cursed because of Adam's sin, [Gen ] but the author of John writes that in the New Jerusalem, "there will be no more curse. The Evangelical Dictionary of Theology Baker, says:. The rich symbolism reaches beyond our finest imaginings, not only to the beatific vision but to a renewed, joyous, industrious, orderly, holy, loving, eternal, and abundant existence. Perhaps the most moving element in the description is what is missing: there is no temple in the New Jerusalem, 'because the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb are its temple.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Christian eschatology Eschatological views Contrasting beliefs. The Millennium. Biblical texts. Key terms. Maitreya Three Ages. Olivet Discourse Sheep and Goats. Four Horsemen Antichrist. Historicism Futurism. Second Coming Islamic eschatology. Kalki Kali Yuga Shiva. Death Resurrection Last Judgement. Messianism Book of Daniel Kabbalah. Li Hong. Frashokereti Saoshyant. End times Apocalypticism. Millenarianism Last Judgment. Gog and Magog Messianic Age. See also: Christian eschatological views.
Main article: Premillennialism. Main article: Pretribulationism.
Main article: Midtribulationism. Main article: Post-Tribulation Rapture. Main article: Postmillennialism. Main article: Amillennialism. See also: Second Temple Judaism. Main article: Intermediate state. Main article: Purgatory. Main article: Great Tribulation. Main article: Abomination of desolation. Main article: Prophecy of Seventy Weeks. Main article: Rapture. Main article: Second Coming. See also: Maranatha. See also: Lamb of God. This section possibly contains original research. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations.
Statements consisting only of original research should be removed. April Learn how and when to remove this template message. Main article: Armageddon. Main article: Millennialism. Main article: Last Judgment. Main article: New Jerusalem. Main article: Tree of life biblical. Christianity portal. Translated by Alexander Roberts and James Donaldson. From Ante-Nicene Fathers, Vol. Cleveland Coxe. Revised and edited for New Advent by Kevin Knight. Ante-Nicene Fathers. Peabody, Massachusetts: Hendrickson, The writings of Ignatius and Justin Martyr can be found in Vol. Eerdmans; Brill, — , London: Banner of Truth Trust.
Blaising; Darrell L. Bock, eds. Progressive Dispensationalism. Baker Books. November Studies in World Christianity. In Gunton, Colin E. The Cambridge Companion to Christian Doctrine. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Luis de Alcazar of Seville, Spain, devised what became known as the 'preterist' system of prophetic interpretation. This theory proposed that the Revelation deals with events in the Pagan Roman Empire, that antichrist refers to Nero and that the prophecies were therefore fulfilled long before the time of the medieval church. Alcazar's preterist system has never made any impact on the conservative, or evangelical wing of the Protestant movement, although in the last one hundred years it has become popular among Protestant rationalists and liberals.
A far more successful attack was taken by Francisco Ribera - of Salamanca, Spain. He was the founder of the 'futurist' system of prophetic interpretation. Instead of placing antichrist way in the past as did Alcazar, Ribera argues that antichrist would appear way in the future.
About Ribera published a five hundred page commentary on the Apocalypse, denying the Protestant application of antichrist to the church of Rome. Moser, Jr. Joseph Tanner, Daniel and the Revelation, pp. Horae Apocalypticae. IV 5th ed.
Join Kobo & start eReading today
London: Seely, Jackson and Halliday. Bell Alpha Books. Macey , p. Exeter: Imprint Academic. Erickson , p. I 5th ed. Before Jerusalem Fell. Retrieved 8 August An Introduction to the Study of the New Testament. Oxford: University Press. II part 2 The Synoptic Gospels — 2. Wright , Jesus and the Victory of God, Fortress , p.
Downers Grove: InterVarsity, Journal of Higher Criticism. Archived from the original PDF on Retrieved Daniel" PDF. Presbyterian Publishing Corporation. Retrieved 26 December Encyclopaedic dictionary of religion: Q-Z. Delhi: Isha Books. Retrieved 6 April Daniel; Duvall, J. Scott; Pate, C. Marvin Dictionary of Biblical Prophecy and End Times. Mercer Dictionary of the Bible. Mercer University Press. Michael D. Guinan, "Raptured or Not? However, for many American fundamentalist Christians, "the Rapture forms part of the scenario of events that will happen at the end of the world Drawing on all my years of Catholic education kindergarten through the seminary and doctoral studies , I replied, 'The what?
Schwertley, "Is the Pretribulation Rapture Biblical? Ian S. Vague notions had been considered by the Puritan preachers Increase and Cotton Mather , and the late 18th-century Baptist minister Morgan Edwards, but it was John Nelson Darby who solidified the belief in the s and placed it into a larger theological framework. Wheaton, IL: Bridgepoint Books. Pages , The Amazing Facts Media Library. Augustine Chapter 6.